The Unjustified and Never Ending War on Terrorism in Afghanistan

The Unjustified and Never Ending War on Terrorism in Afghanistan.

On the morning of September 11, 2001, two planes crashed in two 110 story buildings, the world trade center in New York City. After the attack on world trade center, another plane was crashed into Pentagon. The attacks were organized by Al-Qaeda Al, led by Osama Bin Laden. Al-Qaeda is an Islamic terrorist group. They had called in for a jihad in 1998, a holy war, against America.1 The attacks of September 11, 2001 surprised many Americans, the decision a month later to wage a war in Afghanistan, to end the ability of the government to offer safe haven to Al Qaeda, may have seemed equally surprising. The Attacks of September 11, 2001 do not justify being a valid reason for US to enter a never ending war on terrorism in Afghanistan. The Beginning of 9/11 in Afghanistan.

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Many people think that the story of how 9/11 came about goes back, at least, to 1979 when the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan. Afghanistan had experienced several challenges since 1973, when the Afghan monarchy was overthrown by Daud Khan, who was sympathetic to Soviet overtures. During this time U.S was in cold war with Soviet Union and to fail Soviet’s mission of turning Afghanistan into a communist country, U.S, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan provided Afghanistan aid. During the Afghan-Soviet war Afghanistan gained a lot resources and power. Roots of Al-Qaeda and Bin Laden.

The idea that the 9/11 attacks have their roots in the Soviet-Afghan war comes from Bin Laden’s role in it. During much of the war he, and Ayman Al Zawahiri, the Egyptian head of Islamic Jihad, an Egyptian group, lived in neighboring Pakistan. There, they cultivated Arab recruits to fight with the Afghan mujahedeen. This, loosely, was the beginning of the network of roving jihadists that would become Al Qaeda later.2 Operation Enduring Freedom.

After 9/11 George W. Bush, The United States president at time, demanded that the Taliban hand over Bin Laden and al-Qaeda leadership which was supporting the Taliban in its war with the Northern Alliance. The Taliban recommended that bin Laden leave the country but declined to extradite him without evidence of his involvement in the 9/11 attacks. The United States refused
to negotiate and launched Operation Enduring Freedom on October 7, 2001 with the United Kingdom, later joined by Canada, Australia and France and other mainly western allies, to attack the Taliban and Al-Qaeda forces.3 Vietnam War of Bush and Obama.

Is the Afghan war, the Vietnam War of Bush and Obama? This one of the most question in many American’s minds. There are many similarities between both of these wars but there is also a huge difference, this time there is no draft. If there was a draft the war would have ended a long time ago. Many people assume if U.S government learned anything from Vietnam War? Yes, they learned not to draft people, instead they trick people into joining the Armed Forces by creating a recession.4 The United Nations Charter, to which all the Coalition countries are signatories, provides that all UN member states must settle their international disputes peacefully and no member nation can use military force except in self- defense.

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) did not authorize the U.S.-led military campaign in Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom).5 Defenders of the legitimacy of the U.S.-led invasion argue that U.N. Security Council authorization was not required since the invasion was an act of collective self-defense provided for under Article 51 of the UN Charter, and not a war of aggression. Critics maintain that the bombing and invasion of Afghanistan were not legitimate self-defense under Article 51 of the UN Charter because the 9/11 attacks were not “armed attacks” by another state, but were perpetrated by non-state actors. They said these attackers had no proven connection to Afghanistan or the Taliban rulers. Such critics have said that, even if a state had made the 9/11 attacks, no bombing campaign would constitute self-defense.6 Ten days after the 9/11 attacks CNN reported: “The Taliban refused to hand over bin Laden without proof or evidence that he was involved in last week’s attacks on the United States. The Taliban ambassador to Pakistan said Friday that deporting him without proof would amount to an insult of Islam.” 7 “Bin Laden himself has already denied he had anything to do with the attacks, and Taliban officials repeatedly said he could not have been involved in the attacks.”8- CNN report Causalities in 9/11 attack Vs. Civilians and Military members’ Causalities in Afghanistan. September 11, 2001 attacked was devastating for United States and many other countries around the world.

There were about 3000 causalities, including civilians and first responders. In the last 12 years of Afghan war more than 3000 service members we killed from all over the world were killed, while more than 18000 U.S servicemen and civilian contractors are wounded and the numbers are increasing every day.9 Is this war worth losing lives of innocent people and military members? Many people will think otherwise. The war in Afghanistan is a never ending battle, the longer U.S will stay in it the most lives will be lost, It is time to bring peace.

CNN, 2010

Cohn, Marjorie. Bombing of Afghanistan is Illegal and Must be Stopped. Bernard J. Hibbitts, 2003. Griffin, David R. Did 9/11 Justify the War in Afghanistan? 2010. Henretta, James A. and David Brody. 2010. America: A Concise History, Volume 2: Since 1877. 4th ed., Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s. p. 947 Icasualties, “Operation Enduring Freedom” Wintour, Patrick, Ahmed, Kamal, Villiamy, Ed, Traynor, Ian, Suraj, Jabal. It’s time for war, Bush and Blair tell Taliban. 2001. The Guardian, Zalman, Amy. War in Afghanistan — the History behind the U.S. War in Afghanistan. Terrorism.about Accessed May 14, 2013.

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