The Way It Really Was!In the 1950’s there were many problems. The Korean war and the civilrights struggle. Back then the music was all rhythm and blues (r ;b). It wasrecord mostly by black artists and for black audience but the white teenagersbecame interested.
The music scene in the early 50’sBefore 1954 there were 3 distinct music areas. R & B,country and pop.
Music stations usually played one type of music so listeners could easily findwhat type they wanted. Pop had 4 major recording companies.
RCA,Columbia,beccaand Mercury. These companies had very good connection and could make a smallband very big! Pop music had a subdued beat and smooth singing. R & B hadblack artists for black audiences. Country Western had the least affect by Rockand Roll. People who recorded at small independent music business and put out arecord, they were called Indies.
The first Rock and Roll hitThe term Rock and Roll was usually used for describing physical sex.
Allen Freed was credited with inventing Rock and Roll but that wouldn’t be togood for him later in life.
The father of Rock and RollAlan freed was the first white disc jockey to play Rock and Roll. Alanshow in Cleveland was very popular with teenagers. In 1954, Alan’s show movedto WINS. His nick name “moondog” had to be dropped. He adopted the new title “the king of rock and roll”. Newspapers ran articles saying Alan was the mainwrongdoer in creating Rock and Roll. A riot broke out at one of Alan Freed’sconcert. The police turned up the house lights to see what the teenagers weredoing and Alan said something and the teens went on a rampage. Alan was toblame. He was charged but when the manager at WINS didn’t stand behind him,Alan left and went to WABC. The charges were later dropped. Because of all ofthe court appearances, Alan filed for bankruptcy in 1959. In 1960, Alan wasfired from WABC for not signing a statement that he took favors to play certainrecords. It was all down hill from there. In 1965 Alan died. His friends saidthat he had a drinking problem and it got worse when he was fired.
Adult response to Rock and RollMost adults did not like Rock and Roll. They thought it was vulgar andrude. Although there was never a link from violence to teens. Many incidencesproved that wrong when Nat King Cole was performing and 5 teens jumped on stageand started to beat up him. He was not hurt. Teenagers were the main buyers ofrecords and they were performed by black artists. Many R & B artists modifiedthere songs to suit Rock and Roll. Then Elvis came along! That changed a lot.
Elvis PresleyFirst Rock and Roll artist to sell 1 million copies and to establish amovie career. His music appealed to kids,teens and adults. First release wasHeartbreak Hotel. It was a smash.
The late fifties (1957-1959)Radio stations were looking for songs and entertainers that wouldn’toffend adults. Rock and Roll started to lose some of it’s popularity cause of alot of incidences that happened. Buddy holly, Big Bopper and Richie valens alldied in a plane crash. During the downtime of Rock and Roll, black music becamemore popular.
The early sixtiesA national dance crazy swept the nation. Songs that were being released,had a familiar beat. Chubby Checkers was a main producer of these songs. Allotwere slow and had a gentle mood. Important innovations came along in the early60’s. Producers became more skillful and mix and dub better.
Temptations,Stevie Wonder and the 4 tops were the most popular in this decade.
Females who were usually backgrounds were now lead vocalists. In the 60’s,femine groups were very popular. The first girl group was the Shirelles and themost popular group was the Supreames but they emerged in 1964. The best girlgroup producer was Phil Spector. His technique added drama to the performance.
The new rock sceneWhite song writers started to emerge like The Beatles and Bob Dylan.
Most of them were folk and folk blues but The Beatles and The Rolling Stonesplayed traditional Rock and Roll. Teens in the sixties were involved withanti-war and civil rights and some were involved with drugs and easternreligions. At the end of the 60’s decade, trends occurred like art rock,protest music and psychedelic music. By the seventies Rock and Roll wasestablished, Jazz merged with R ; B and resulted it disco. Kiss and AliceCopper dressed up on stage to get there music across.
The 50’s had a clash of black and white music/traditions. 50’s/60’sRock and Roll was born. Withen a few years, Rock and Roll was all over theworld and in all different languages. Allot of the beginning Rock and Roll wasallot better that now because he have branched out and created grunge, heavymetal, soft rock.
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The Way It Really Was!. (2018, Dec 16). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/the-way-it-really-was/