Three Page Proposal Outline Form
Three Page Proposal Outline Form
Chapter I: Introduction
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Statement of the problem.
The problem that this study will address is the effects of having childcare services at work to employees. It is a reality that the workforce today is very different from what it was fifty years ago where women usually stayed home to rear children. At present women significantly make up half of the workforce and dual earner households are now the norm not the exception. In this context, most couples had delayed having children as it significantly affects their capacity to work. At the same time, employees who have children must engage in the balancing act between family and work demands. Companies have started providing family-friendly benefits to employees as a means of attracting employees because not all companies have such benefits. It has been assumed that employees who can adequately balance family life and work would be happier and more productive. Thus, this study hopes to determine whether providing childcare services at the workplace would lead to happier employees and thus increasing employee productivity.
Purpose of the study.
The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of childcare services in the workplace on employee happiness and productivity.
Hypothesis 1: Does having childcare at work lead to happier employees?
Hypothesis 2: Does having childcare at work lead to more productive employees?
Importance of study.
This study is important because providing childcare services at work is very costly and concrete evidence of its positive outcomes for employee happiness and increased productivity has to be determined.
Delimitations of the study.
This study will address the effects or influence of providing childcare services in the workplace to employee happiness and productivity.
This study will not address other factors that may affect employee happiness and productivity such as rewards, compensation, employee relationships, and the like. This study will also not address whether the employee needs childcare services or not.
Chapter II: Review of the Literature
This chapter reviews several studies that support the research Hypotheses. In addition, why/why not/ how is my study different from the existing studies that are reviewed?
Hypothesis 1: List the names of the studies that support this hypothesis?
Durkalski, E. (2001). Workplace Perks Spark Happy Employees: Company programs and initiatives attract and retain motivated employees.
Glass, J. and Riley, L. (1998). Family Responsive Policies and Employee Retention After
Kossek, E. E. and Nichol, V. (1992). The effects of on-site child care on employee
attitudes and performance.
Saltzstein, A. L., Ting, Y. and Saltzstein, G. H. (2001). Work-Family Balance and Job
Satisfaction: The Impact of Family-Friendly Policies on Attitudes of Federal Government
Hypothesis 2: List the names of the studies that support this hypothesis?
Baughman, R. DiNardi, D. and Holtz-Eakin, D. (2003) Productivity and wage effects of
“family-friendly” fringe benefits.
Goff, S. J., Mount, M. K., and Jamison, R. L. (1990) Employer supported childcare,
work/family conflict and absenteeism: a field study.
Kossek, E. E. and Nichol, V. (1992) The effects of on-site child care on employee
attitudes and performance.
Ewing, S. (1990). Nourish Thy Children: Investing in Child Care to Nourish Corporate Productivity.
Ritter, A. (1990). Dependent Care Proves Profitable.
My study is different from these studies because I will measure employee happiness and productivity in relation to the provision of childcare services in the workplace. Most researches measure the outcomes related to employee satisfaction and productivity, however happiness is a new concept as it is a product of positive psychology. Happiness is a relatively new concept as opposed to attitudes, perceptions, and feelings towards workplace childcare services.
Chapter III: Theoretical Framework
List the theory that can explain the influence of the independent variable of the dependent variable in each hypothesis. Theories explain why the independent variable leads to the dependent variable.
Present the model diagram.
The name of the theory that I use is the Performance – Happiness Matrix.
The substance of the theory is that performance and happiness is closely related, performance is any behavior or action that would lead to the fulfillment of a goal while happiness is the general feeling of pleasant emotions and the absence of stressful and unpleasant emotions. According to the theory, employees can be a happy low performer, an unhappy low performer, an unhappy high performer and happy high performer. Happy high performers are the most productive employees.
The theory is related to my hypothesis this way: Happy employees are generally those who have fewer problems and concerns that would distract them from their work, thus making employees happy would improve employee performance and increase productivity. The provision of on-site childcare services saves the employee from the difficulty of finding babysitters or leaving them at daycare, the employee is more able to focus on his/her job and become more productive.
My theoretical model would look like the following:
Chapter IV: Methodology
The overall research process that I used is the inductive method.
The unit of analysis is the responses of the employees to the survey questions regarding childcare services in their workplace.
The research design that I will adopt is a cross-sectional design.
The independent variable on the first hypothesis is: childcare services
The dependent variable in the first hypothesis is: employee happiness
The control variable for the first hypothesis is: absence of childcare services
The independent variable on the second hypothesis is: childcare services
The dependent variable in the second hypothesis is: employee productivity
The control variable for the second hypothesis is: absence of childcare services
Measurement of variables (Instrumentation).
The indicators that I will use to measure the independent, dependent and control variables are the presence and absence of childcare services in the workplace of the target respondents for the independent and control variables. For the dependent variables, happiness is indicated by the absence of unpleasant emotions and stressful thoughts. Productivity is indicated by the number of accomplished goals for the month.
The instruments that I will use to measure the independent, dependent and control variables are: a survey questionnaire to measure the feelings of respondents in a hypothetical scenario where their employers had provided childcare services, the survey would also measure the happiness of the respondents. Productivity will be measured by a self-report form that the respondent has to complete to indicate the number of accomplished goals for the month.
The population of the study is: adults, who had been gainfully employed for the last five years and with children.
The size of the population is large as most adults are working and have families.
The sampling method that I will is purposive sampling.
The sample size is 100 respondents
I will select sample elements this way: Visit companies and businesses in the research area, write to the manager, and ask if their employees would participate in the study, population parameters will be applied and prospective respondents are identified until the sample size is reached.
I will use this particular sampling method because the goal of the project is to study employees who would benefit from childcare services, thus it is important to identify the respondents prior to the data gathering.
Data collection method that I will use is a survey using a researcher-made questionnaire. The questionnaires will be distributed to the identified respondents, two to three days will be given to the respondents to complete the survey, after which follow-ups will be conducted to retrieve all the questionnaires.
Plan of Analysis.
The data will be tallied and analyzed using SPSS version 15. The SPSS had been reliable computer software in the conduct of researches in the behavioral sciences, the responses can be easily encoded, and all the statistical analysis is found in the program. The results are also more accurate than excel.
Sample Survey Questionnaire
Age: ____ Gender: ____ Length of employment: ____ No. of children: _____
Ages of child/children: ________________
Do you have a nanny/babysitter for your child/children when you are at work?
___ Yes ___ No
Do you often think about your child/children while you are at work?
___ Yes ___ No ___ Sometimes
If your company opens, a childcare services unit in your workplace, would you bring you child/children to the facility?
___ Yes ___ No ___ Not sure
How would you feel if your organization opens a childcare services program for children of employees?
___ Happy ___ Somewhat happy ___ Indifferent
Would having a childcare services program in your workplace make you less worried and anxious about your child/children?
___ Yes ___ No ___ Not sure
Batt, R., & Valcour, P. M. (2003). Human resource practices as predictors of work-
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“family-friendly” fringe benefits. International Journal of Manpower, 24 (3), 247-259.
Daycare Trust. (2003). Making childcare work: Changing childcare for a better work-life
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Durkalski, E. (2001). Workplace Perks Spark Happy Employees : Company programs
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Ewing, S. (1990). Nourish thy children: Investing in child care to nourish corporate
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Goff, S. J., Mount, M. K., & Jamison, R. L. (1990). Employer supported child care,
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Gunderson, M. (2002). Rethinking productivity from a workplace perspective.
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Harter, J.K., Schmidt, F.L., & Hayes, T.L. (2002). Business-unit relationship between
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Kerns, C. (2008). Putting performance and happiness together in the workplace.
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Ritter, A. (1990). Dependent care proves profitable. Personnel, 67(3), 12-16.
Saltzstein, A. L., Ting, Y., & Saltzstein, G. H. (2001). Work-family balance and job
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