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To Clone or not to clone

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    Cloning is an issue that has been evolving during time. At the

    begining, cloning was been researched and was described as something

    that was hard to reach. Even science fiction movies, such as

    Multiplicity, were produced about cloning. As the time went through,

    cloning became a reality. In 1996 “Dolly”, the first mammal, a sheep was

    born. Dolly was created by Ian Wilmut, an embryologist of the Rosling

    insitute ( World Book, http://www.worldbook.com ). Since then, many

    mammals, such as mice and calves were created. Right now, there is a

    fear, that humans might be the next to be cloned.

    Ruth macklin and Charles Krauthammer discuss this matter in two

    essays were they state whether cloning is right or wrong.

    Ruth Macklin, a professor of Bioethics, wrote an essay about this

    issue. “Human Cloning? Don’t Just Say No” is the title of her article.

    Her essay discusses the negative response of the people to Human

    Cloning. As the title of the essay says: “Human Cloning? Don’t Just Say

    No”, Macklin believes that cloning deserves a chance to be developed in

    Macklin talks about Human Clones not being accepted as human beings. She

    states that an ethicist said once, that human cloning would be a

    violation to “the right to genetic identity” (Perspectives of

    Contemporary Issues, pg. 508). Macklin doubts about the exsistence of

    this right. She explains many points about Human Cloning and about

    ethics. One of the points she mentiones, is about the violation to human

    dignity. Theologians say that cloning would be a violation to dignity

    and also that cloned humans would be treated with less respect than

    Another issue she discusses is the fact that Human Clones could be used

    as human farms or organ donors. Macklin gives many examples about the

    cases where human cloning might be accepted. Mothers that can not have

    children, families that have children that are sick to death or also

    couples that may have genetic defects (Perspectives of Contemporary

    In conclusion, Macklin thinks, that human cloning should be accepted or

    at least an opportunity should been given to develop Human Cloning.

    On the other hand, Charles Krauthammer, the author of the second

    essay “Of Headless Mice…..And Men” is totally against Cloning in every

    way. His essay talks about the cloning that was made in mice.

    Researchers have been able to locate different genes and than delete

    some genes, just to see what comes out. They erased the clone that

    creates the head and produced headless mice that obviosly died when the

    Krauthammer does not understand, how humans can create such type of

    mice. He talks about the chance of creating humans with no heads. He

    says, that the goal of these production of headless humans, could be

    kept as an organ farm. He also gives examples of Cloning, such as the

    possibility to create models, and geniuses (Perspectives of Contemporary

    Issues, pg. 510). Krauthammer mentiones that President Bill Clinton

    banned cloning, but it won’t be long until it is accepted. Krauthammer

    cloncusion is the prohibition of Human cloning and every type of

    These essays are a clear example of what cloning is and what the

    responses might be. As Macklin is in favor of Cloning, Krauthammer is

    not. Macklin’s essay talks more about cloning as having a twin, a person

    that will be living with us and form part of the family. A companion

    that will be there to live life as it is.

    There are other terms for cloning such as “carbon copy”.

    On the other hand, Krauthammer’s essay describes human clones with no

    heads. Human farms that will be there in case something goes wrong with

    the original. These half human beings would be different, they would be

    kept “alive”, like an organ reserve if the original loses a hand, then

    the clone gives that person a hand. What kind of thoughts are those? Is

    it possible that scientists have come to a point were they want to

    create “Monsters”? This would really be a violation to human dignity. A

    harm to the cloned person that might not have a brain to

    think, but he sure will have the same arms, legs, hands, etc… as the

    original. He might not have the same face as the original, but he will

    have a heart and I am sure that he would not like to live headless. If

    cloning will be this way, than it should be completly banned.

    Both essays are very persuasive, but there is a difference in

    both. The examples given by the authors have a huge roll in the

    persuasive part, Krauthammer has examples that might be more persuasive

    They both explain the two faces of cloning and under which conditiond it

    might be developed. Macklin gives us an explanation trying to convince

    the public of giving human cloning a chance to happen. She also

    describes cloning as some kind of human farm, but mostly what she

    explains is that cloning can be taken as something normal, as an in-

    vitro fertilization, for example. Many people do not really know what

    human cloning really is and misunderstand its meaning. Macklin gives a

    short explanation, but as every experiment, it must have some

    Krauthammer’s essay is totally against cloning. He is very persuasive

    and gives examples that will change the way of thinking of many people

    and turn them against cloning. He gives exapmles, that are almost

    imposibble to believe. Headless people, headless mice, keeping human

    clones alive as an organ farm, etc. All these examples are a reality and

    anyone who is mature enough and has reasoning will be against the

    This essays have the same topic, but are different. Although both

    talk about human cloning, the essays are different.

    As we could see, in Macklin’s essay, the cloned humans are considered

    persons. Krauthammer’s essay mostly discusses human clones as human

    farms. Macklin talks about cloning being banned, but she does not state

    who banned it. Krauthammer explains this as saying that “Dolly” made

    president Clinton create a comission and temporary banned human

    clonning. Eventhough there is a temporary ban, this could someday be

    accepted. Krauthammer thinks, that this should be banned forever.

    There are a lot of different opinions about cloning and also a lot

    of mistaken thoughts about this issue. Many articles have been written

    and discussed. Many questions are to be answered and more research is to

    be done. This type of essays can clear some doubts people have, but are

    not enough to say “I am in favor…” or “I am against…”. It is an

    issue that will be a controversy for al long time. It might be right to

    create a human clone as a person, but it is very wrong to use a human

    clone as a human farm. Everyone has the right to live a normal life. If

    this right will be violated than, no cloned humans should be created.

    As Macklin says: “A world not safe foe cloned humans would be a world

    Macklin, Ruth “Human Cloning? Don’t Just Say No” Perspectives on
    Contemporary Issues. Pages 507-508

    Krauthammer, Charles “Of Headless Mice…And Men” Perspectives on
    Contemporary Issues. Pages 509-511

    Wachbroit, Robert “Human Cloning Isn’t as Sacry as it Sounds” Washington Post. www.washingtonpost.com

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