Two Party System in Democracy
A two-party system is a form of party system where two major political parties dominate voting in nearly all elections. As a result, all, or nearly all, elected offices end up being held by candidates chosen by one of the two major parties. Under a two-party system, one of the two parties typically holds a majority in the legislature and is usually referred to as the majority party while the other is the minority party. The United States of America is considered a two-party system.
The chances for third party candidates winning election to any office are remote, although it’s possible for groups within the larger parties, or in opposition to one or both of them, to have an influence on the two major parties. Having a smaller party candidate can influence the opinions on voters as well as electors because it allows for a change of mind with the various opinions and propositions candidates may bring about in their running for office. According to Martin P. Wattenburg, The Boston Globe, September 21, 2003, “ With a number of viable parties to choose from rather than only two, people tend to feel that their party truly embodies their specific interest, and hence they are more likely to vote. ” Because of this people will vote because each individual has his or her own opinion on the way America should be governed. When having to choose from two parties the ideas that someone may have may not exactly be pin pointed and the individual will less likely be obliged to vote because he or she feels their point has not been brought into action.
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Having variable parties more people can their views brought about. However in a final decision for each party must be reached and will eventually lead to the choosing of two particular parties of what we have today. When two major parties emerge it has a strong influence and allows voters to elect most of the candidates, but a multitude of lesser parties exist with varying degrees of influence, and sometimes these lesser parties are able to elect officials who participate in the legislature. A two party system is strong and influential although it allows lesser parties to exist and have an influence.
As a result a majority party will form the government and the minority party will form the opposition, and coalitions of the lesser parties are possible. These systems can also be multi-party systems. The Two-party sytem has advantages and disadvantages they consist of: Advantages,: It can lead to political stability which leads, in turn, to economic growth, two-party systems have been seen as preferable to multi-party systems because they are simple to govern, while multi-party systems can sometimes lead to parliament.
The disadvantages: Two-party systems have been criticized extreme views, and putting a second opinion on debate within a nation, two-party systems for fail to provide enough options since only two choices are permitted on the ballot, the problem with having only two parties is that the nation loses “the ability for things to bubble up from the body politic and give voice to things that aren’t being voiced by the major parties. Multi-party governments permit wider and more diverse viewpoints in government, and encourage dominant parties to make deals with weaker parties to form winning coalitions. I think having a two-party system is ideal because neither major party is strong enough to win without bringing up specific topics that they believe in or their ideology of their party. The way the Republicans and Democrats present their beliefs, political and social views, as well as views for the individuals can effect the way democracy will be handled.