Type a Personality - Personality psychology Essay Example
In this thesis I am going to write about my own personality and the associated traits which come with my personality type - Type a Personality introduction. I’m going to consider if also if I’m type A, B, or C. also if I’m extrovert or introvert, plus the traits which come in between those levels of personality. I also need to consider if I have an abnormal personality and its origins i. e) psychodynamic, behavioural, cognitive or humanistic. Personality A is a very strong and bold personality to own. This is typically related to a person with a chronic sense of time and ergency, meaning where ever they go they always need to be on time.
A person that has an excessive competitive drive, and is very aggressive and hostile towards others. This person is always setting himself deadlines for things to be done by, this is called “hurry sickness” these people can not bare waiting there turn. This person also has to do several things at once, is insecure about his/her status and need aberration from others. * Type A people = type A people are 2. 5 times more likely to develop Connery heart disease. * Type B personality = this personality means that you are less well driven and free from such pressures, which where mentioned previously. Type C personality = has difficulty in expressing emotion and tense to impress or inhabit emotions. In particularly negative ones such as anger. I think if I had to describe myself as one of those I would have to say I’m personality type B. This is because I’m well laid back and things don’t bother me such as pressures mentioned previously. This personality makes you a chilled person, and that does not really worry about problems in life others would really dwell over. They complete things in their own time and don’t even think about making deadlines for things to be completed by that specific time.
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Because of this laid back personality type erguency or competitive drive does not come into play, this personality type person just glides through things in life at their own pace with no goal to meet. But this personality type person is more likely to catch cancer, but these personality type people with progress longer as a cancer patient would in the other personality types. Now I am going to talk about the situation between introvert and extravert personality’s and the traits which come with them.
Introvert = this is a person which predominantly concerned with his or her faults and feelings, rather than with external things. = this results in a shy and unsociable person Extrovert = this is a person which is predominately concerned with external things or objective considerations. = this also results in an outgoing person and who is very sociable and very talkative, even to people he/she may not even know in some cases. Again if I had to pick one that I was I would describe my personality type as type extrovert. So now I’m going to describe the traits that come with extrovert, which best describe me.
The first trait that matches me in extrovert is excitable, this mean easily excited of exciting to know, this matches me because I’m very easily excited like for example a trip somewhere with mates, and also I’m an outgoing person so therefore I’m exciting to know. Also the next trait that comes across me which consists in extrovert is changeable, this means appearing different or acting totally different in various circumstances, this fits me because I change the way I act around people, to what the situation is like.
The next trait is impulsive, this means that you act on instinct or instantly, to act on impulse, acting momentarily and forceful, this is me because I always act straight away or just on how I feel without thinking about it first and what the consequences may be of making that decision in that way. The next trait is optimistic, this mainly is expecting the best in the best of all possible worlds, this describes me because I always try to look at things positively, even if they are dull and very negative indeed. The next extraverted trait I am going to cover is active.
This means, physically mobile, always engaged in physical activities, this definitely describes me because I’m always doing sports in and out of college, and plus active come with the course I actually decided to join. I also see my self as very active and fit, plus the active side of me has always been part of my lifestyle. The next trait that fits me too is sociable. This means, inclined to or conducive to companionship with others. This fits me because with the right people I’m very sociable, talking and joking with people I mainly know.
But with like all people with the wrong company you don’t feel like associating with them mainly because of dislike or hatred. Outgoing is the next trait, this means that you are very sociable and very confident, again I’m totally this, with the right people, I have a very out going life which I use this trait every day at home and at college. Talkative is another trait which matches my personality, this again means, full of trivial conversation, this is me because I can talk even if there is no real subject on the conversation, this is due to friends and family too, because there is never a quiet moment.
Another trait is responsive, this again means sensitive to influence or stimulus, this also can mean you can well adapt to what happening around you, this is me because if the mood is down I can sense that and switch down a level, or if I need to be in a such mood like sympathetic I can again switch to that too. This trait easy going means that you are unhurried and relaxed, I am this because I do nothing at great erguency its all done at the speed I want it to be done at, I’m very laid back and problems in life really done bother me, making me very easy going indeed.
This trait again mainly means full of life and energy, which again with me being very active, this comes like second nature to me, because I’m always up and about doing something physical, and I’m always bubbling with life. Plus another trait which best describes me is definitely care free. This means free of trouble and worry and care, this is me because any problems that life brings, I just deal with them calmly in my own way. So therefore overall I think I’m definitely personality extrovert, and which makes me a very stable character to know as a person.
While doing this thesis assignment I have learned that, every body has a different level of their personality type, whether its extrovert, which is outgoing, or introvert, where your shy and away from the rest of the group. The extrovert traits which I described are truly me and fit me exactly as that was explained previously. Plus Eysenek’s dimension of personality really does describe every ones personality type and traits which come with there unique personality type. Bipolar Disorder Get Free Information On Bipolar Signs & Symptoms At Healthline® Now Healthline. om/Bipolar Behavioural therapy is an intensive field of research for many scientists. They have spent a lifetime studying and generating theories in this field. Over the last one hundred years there have been many major developments from scientists working all around the world. Two well-known scientists, Ivan Pavlov and B. f. Skinner have given us some of the most interesting of all of these theories. There are a large number of people who have heard of Ivan Pavlov and the contributions he has made to the field of behavioral therapy.
This article will discuss in greater detail the theories that were introduced as well as some of the methods used to treat anxiety in patients. If you are not totally familiar with behavioural theory you should first know that the most basic principle is that by focussing on our acts we can then show the reasons and motivations which led to our behaviours and the actions we take. If we take a look at human behaviour in general it is then possible to focus on specific behaviours which generate a state of anxiety in a person.
One of the main challenges in treating anxiety disorders is that there is such a variety in the range of behaviours which cause anxiety. The diverse nature of these causes was an issue since it prevented therapists from formulating a way to deal with the anxious state in such a way that it would be effective in the majority of patients. The benefit of behavioural therapy is that was developed by including all of the minor causes of anxiety instead of focussing only on the major causes.
Behavioural therapy takes into account a range of different disorders including phobias and their impact, obsessive-compulsive disorders and eating disorders. Each of these conditions can all contribute to an overall state of anxiety if trigger circumstances are present. One of the drawbacks of previous therapy methods was that they were unable to address their research and present findings in terms of clinical and definitive proof. Behavioural theory could not only be proven using available research data but it also introduced treatment methods which was a huge breakthrough.
There is one major asset that behaviour therapy has: it is very simple for people suffering from anxiety disorders to utilize the treatment methods that were developed. Mental illness can be a highly individualised condition. However it is safe to generalise somewhat by saying people tend to take on some anxiety of their own accord and then use maladaptive methods to deal with the resulting anxious state. Treatment methods developed in behaviour therapy involve removing the negative feelings and replacing them with positive emotions and associations. Mental imagery plays a key role in this.
In behavioural therapy people suffering from anxiety disorders are urged to relax and take a deep breath as an initial response to an anxiety inducing situation. Mental imagery is used in order to build a lower-stress state and increase positive emotions and feelings. Patients are urged to picture that they are in a safe place in order to decrease anxiety. One common method of treating anxiety is to reduce fear by exposing them to the anxiety causing stimulus on an increasing level of frequency. This method can play a significant role in decreasing anxiety levels and replace negative associations with positive behaviours.
In the beginning stages of this treatment method a large array of relaxation techniques are used, much as they were in previous styles of therapy. Once relaxation techniques are learned the patient is then sent to exposure therapy. As a patient becomes accustomed to the fear-causing stimulus they learn that they are able to handle the situation. It helps on a cascading level as well. By showing the patient they can tolerate the source of their anxiety in increasing amounts it gives the patient confidence in their ability to handle the particular situation.
This is known as the hierarchical method. One of the methods introduced in conjunction with the theory behind behaviour therapy is flooding. This is a method which is offered to those patients who do not want, or who do not respond to, a hierarchical method of treatment. Instead of gradually building up the level of exposure a patient is taken to an extreme level of the situation which causes the anxiety. The patient learns to deal with the situation in such a way that it no longer causes them to become anxious.
This may be accomplished through the use of behaviour modification techniques. Behaviour modification teaches a person to increase or decrease their behaviour in response to different situations and stimuli. Different environmental situations are introduced as well so that the patient can face their triggers and deal with it positively and constructively. This helps the patient avoid the possibility of developing obsessive or compulsive behaviours. Behavioural theory is often used in conjunction with other types of therapy in order to treat the whole patient.
Many people have used different aspects of this therapy method and have found it to be extremely effective. In fact, so much further research and innovation has come from behavioural theory that it could be considered a cornerstone of other modern therapeutic methods. When someone undergoes behavioural therapy the steps that they can and will take are laid out and it is then up to the patient which method (hierarchical or flooding) they will use in their treatment. This treatment method works equally well for major mental issues or minor compulsions such as biting nails.
It can be equally effective for either. Ivan Pavlov was given a Nobel Prize for his research. Learning about this therapy method and how to apply it to our own lives is something that would benefit us all. Research has established a relationship between personality type and susceptibility to heart disease. People with personality type A seem to be more prone to heart disease, are typically more driven, impatient, energetic and ambitious. In contrast, people with personality type B, seem to take life more slowly, are usually more relaxed and less likely to develop heart disease.
Two American cardiologists named Friedman and Rosenman who were running a busy practice in the early 1950s, wondered why the seats in their waiting room wore out so quickly. The upholsterer who fixed the seats noted that it was rather odd the way patients must sit on the edge of their seats, clutching at the armrests, as if they were anxious to get out of there as soon as possible. It was not surprising that the seats kept wearing out in the same place. The unusual “sitting behavior” of their patients led Friedman and Rosenman to uncover the link between the restless personality type and heart problems.
However, it is believed that individuals with personality type B is actually composed of several different traits. Also, there is generally little agreement as to which personality types are more susceptible to heart disease, although some interesting studies have been completed in recent years. One study included a group of men and women given a frustrating anagram puzzle to solve. When doing the puzzle, individuals who stated on a questionnaire to be more hostile and suspicious had a tendency to show a higher increase in blood pressure than their more trusting peers.
This study and others began to provide evidence that some people are much more reactive in response to stress and are more susceptible to the development of hypertension, which is a major risk factor for heart disease. Personality type C. and cancer: Cancer is the leading cause of death in the more developed countries after heart disease. Does your personality type affect your chance of getting cancer? There is some research to suggest that it might although the cause and effect relationship between cancer and personality type is not as strong as it is between personality type and heart disease.
Psychologists have now identified a “type C. ” (cancer-prone) personality which may be characterized as someone who responds to stress with depression and a sense of hopelessness. Type C personalities have a tendency to be introverted, respectful, eager to please, conforming and compliant. However, these same studies have not identified how personality may affect lifestyle choices such as are these same individuals more likely to smoke? There has been some evidence to suggest that your personality type may have some relationship to your chance of surviving cancer.
Those who respond with a “fighting spirit” or sense of denial seem to do better than the type C personalities who seem to accept their fate passively. A Stanford University (in the USA) professor named David Spiegel discovered that cancer patients who joined a support group which fostered a “fighting spirit” had a tendency to live on average, 18 months longer than those who were not in such a group. However, the data is far from conclusive, and there are many problems with overemphasizing personality type without considering various other factors and their effect on the disease process.
Taken to an extreme, some individuals may even feel guilty in considering that their personality type may be responsible for their disease, which may only add to their problems. If personality type does have some effect on the disease process, it is probably related more to the weakening affect on the immune functioning through an individual’s response to stress. This can then undermine the body’s defenses and make an individual more vulnerable to infection. However, much more research needs to be done to understand the effect of personality type on physical health. personality models on this page