Typologies of Interrogation Deception - Ethics Essay Example
Different ways of interrogations are used by officers to deal with suspects - Typologies of Interrogation Deception introduction. Most often we do not know what is going on inside the interrogation room. The main purpose of the interrogation is to get possible answers that pacify their need of evidence to the case. Police are most criticizes of their way handling interrogations during custodial questioning which often uses deception to get whatever evidence needed. According to Skolnick and Leo there are eight types of interrogations deceptions. Interview versus interrogate which is the most subtle way of deception.
Most often overlooked strategy the police always employ on suspects. By telling the suspects that he is free and can leave any time thus engages him to voluntary answering of questions that otherwise be considered an interrogation into a non-custodial interview. Miranda Warning, in order for a questioning to be custodial, police recite their Miranda rights. This routinely delivered phrase is always delivered in a recital flat monotone of voice that makes this warning a bureaucratic ritual. Police sometimes used this warning to soften up suspects.
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The Court in Miranda that police cannot trick or deceive a suspect into waiving Miranda rights. The misrepresenting the nature or seriousness of the Offense which police exaggerate, overstate or understate the offense in order for the suspect to compel in answering questions during custody. Role playing where police play the role of a compassionate friend, bother or father figure who understands the suspect’s situation in order to have their trust then later on seek the opportunity to let the suspect confess for the good of the investigation.
Misinterpreting the moral seriousness of the offense is the heart of the interrogation method that propounded by Inbau, Reid and Buckley’s influential police training manual. Police interrogating the case offer suspects excuses or moral justification for their misconduct by providing the suspect with an external attribution of blame that will allow them to save face whiles confessing their involvement. The use of promises however is the systematic persuasion employed to induce conversation and elicit admissions which involves of promises either implicitly or indirectly.
These promises are deceptive as they create expectations that sometimes will not be met. Misinterpretation of Identity which i the police use other character or persona in order that suspects will compel to questioning or interrogations. Sometimes suspects don’t confess in police who investigates the case thus polices’ acts as other person like a doctor of a psychiatrist in order to penetrate the suspect in compelling to questioning in favor of the goodness of the case.
Lastly is the fabrication of evidence in which police confront the suspect with false evidence that make the suspect commit in admitting the crime. These involve accomplices in investigation team which assert or imply certain evidence like a witness or any physical evidence that identified the suspects. The most common is the lie detector test which in any way has no scientific reliability and invalid in any event thus informing the suspect that the test confirms his guilt.
All these forms of deceptive interrogations which in any way break all moral rules are all concerns the police. But the most type that brought moral problems is the role playing which uses manipulations of one’s feelings and trust. As you are compassionate and brotherly man to a suspected murder or a child molester, there are questions looming in your mind that it is morally right or wrong. When you playing a role to manipulate the conscience of the suspect, police break some moral issues which tends to impact the personality of the role player once the investigation is done.
Moral issues are often disregarded during interrogations making interrogating police seem heartless and immoral. Polices’ moral obligations and ethical issues are in peril once these deceptions are used in interrogations since deception by word itself is considered immoral. The most problematic legally is planting evidence. This is not allowed by law in any form. There might be legal issues entail that can be excluded because it could lock or hide away the areas where the accused could not be proven to know.