U.S. Marine Corps and the U.S. Army - USA Essay Example

U.S - U.S. Marine Corps and the U.S. Army introduction. Marine Corps and the U.S. Army

The most powerful and highly regarded country in the world is the United States. Since it is considered as one of the most dominant and influential players in the global scene, the country’s security have been subjected to high risk. Many lawless elements want to breach the US’ defense whether domestically or internationally in order to challenge the role of the Americans in the international setting. To ensure that the citizens and the territories of the United States are protected, a government agency was established and this was the Department of Defense. This large organization is subdivided in three major groups, Army, Navy and Air Force which are focused in the three different areas of security which is land, water and air. However, among the three branches, the US Army is the most popular and has more manpower. Like the Army, the US Marine Corps of the Navy is also equally popular among the public. Since the two are well-known, people usually would intertwine the functions of the US Marine Corps and US Army and would even mistakenly identify the two as one entity. In reality these two branches of defense have their own similarities and differences such as the missions, funds and leadership styles but both are directed in protecting national security.

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The US Army is considered to be the strongest armed forces in the world in terms of human resources and warfare technology. It was founded in 1775 and after more than two centuries the legacy continues. Presently, the Army has “522,388 full-time soldiers” who are serving in different areas within the US and other parts of the globe such as “Asia, Europe and the Middle East.” Usually American soldiers would be present wherever there is conflict (Todaysmilitary.com, 2008). More so, the US army is one of the biggest ground-force in the US military. They are aimed at protecting and defending the people and the territories of the United States (Powers, 2008). In addition, the “Army’s mission is to fight and win our Nation’s wars by providing prompt, sustained land dominance across the full range of military operations and spectrum of conflict in support of combatant commanders” (U.S. Army, 2006). The US Army is believed to be the basic ground-based military force that seizes and maintains enemy territories through the utilization of the “infantry, aircraft and an extensive support staff” (Smith, 2008).

Meanwhile, the US Marine Corps was created in the year 1775. Members of this elite military force are guided by a “strict code of integrity and ethics,” which has yielded exceptional men and women of service. More so, honor, courage and commitment are the fundamental values that are displayed inside and outside of the battlefield. Compared to the US Army, the US Marine corps is relatively smaller in size because only 184,000 Marines are distributed in various parts of the world. They are considered as the smallest military service. Furthermore, they are the first ground troops to be deployed during encounters (Todaysmilitary.com, 2008). Unlike the US Army, the US Marine Corps has a more specific function which involves amphibious operations. This means that the Marines are highly skilled in performing “assault, capture and control ‘beach heads.’” After the Marines have seized the territory, the Army will take over to manage the area as the Marines move to another target. However, there have been efforts to expand their operations of the Marines. Though they are self-sufficient, US Marine Corps is still under the wings of the Navy who provide the “logistical and administrative support.” Generally, the Marines are “a ‘lighter’ force when compared to the Army, so they can generally be deployed fast” (Powers, 2008).

            In terms of leadership, both the US Army and US Marine Corps employ almost identical styles or ideologies. These two entities are directed towards the accomplishment of one particular goal through team effort. The difference lays on the execution. For the US Army, leadership is defined as inspiring people to have “providing purpose, direction and motivation” to the achievement of the mission and the improvement of the organization (Clark, 2004). Also, being a leader entails

getting people to do what you want them to do. It is the means or method to achieve two ends: operating and improving. But there’s more to influencing than simply passing along orders. The example you set is just as important as the words you speak. And you set an example — good or bad — with every action you take and word you utter, on or off duty. Through your words and example, you must communicate purpose, direction, and motivation (Clark, 2004).

On the other hand, the US Marine Corps is more focused on the completion of the mission while putting great importance to the welfare of the soldiers. In a military setting, the leaders must always determine the short and long term goals of the organization and must have the knowledge to execute them. Also, the leaders should be emphatic in order to take care of the needs and well-being of the members (Beck, 2003).

            Another point of comparison between the US Army and the US Marine Corps is the amount of money they receive from the government to sustain their military operations and needs. Since the US Army is a larger group than the US Marine Corps, the budget of the US Army should be more than the US Marine Corps. However, based on the 2007 budget proposal, the Army got only 25% while the Navy where the Marine Corps is under, had 28% of the budget (Department of Defense, 2007). Though the numbers of the Marine Corps is slightly higher than the Army, the Army was still able to get more advanced weapons and machineries and their troops got more benefits while the Marines have to settle with the excess on the budget of the Navy leaving them with lower quality equipment, uniforms and other warfare materials.

            Overall, the US Army and the US Marine Corps are two separate military entities that are interconnected and that both are vital in the successfully protecting and defending the US and its citizens.

References

Beck, G. (2003). At All Costs: Accomplish the Mission. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from http://www.oo-rah.com/Store/editorial/edi42p2.asp

Clark, D. R.. (2004). Leadership Styles. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from http://nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/ahold/isd.html

Department of Defense. (2007, February 5). Fiscal 2008 Department of Defense Budget Release. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from http://www.defenselink.mil/comptroller/defbudget/fy2008/2008_Budget_Rollout_Release.pdf

Powers, R. (2008). US Military. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from http://usmilitary.about.com/cs/generalinfo/a/military101_1.htm

Smith, S.E.(2008). What is the Difference Between the US Army and the US Marines?. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-the-difference-between-the-us-army-and-the-us-marines.htm

Todaysmilitary.com. (2008). Service Branches. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from http://www.todaysmilitary.com/service-branches

U.S. Army. (2006, October 19). Organization. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from http://www.army.mil/institution/organization/

Outline

Title: U.S. Marine Corps and the U.S. Army

I.                   Introduction

A.    Threats against US Defense

B.     The need to protect US citizens and territories

C.     Establishment of the US Department of Defense

1.      US Army

2.      US Marine Corps

II.                US Army

A.    Formed in 1775.

B.     Employed 522,388 full-time soldiers.

C.     Basic ground-based military force that seizes and maintains enemy territories.

III.             US Marine Corps

A.    Established in 1775.

B.     Have 184,000 soldiers.

C.     Highly skilled in amphibious and assault operations.

IV.             Leadership Styles

A.    US Army’s leadership style is centered on inspiring people to be directed and motivated.

B.     US Marine Corps’ leadership style is focused on the completion of the mission.

V.                Financial Funding

A.    More or less 25% of the Defense budget is allotted to the US Army.

B.     An estimate of 28% of the Defense budget is given to the US Marine Corps.

VI.             Conclusion

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