What is the relationship between terrorism and globalization? Essay
From this essay, I will explain the relationship between terrorism and globalization. Terrorism has always been defined as a very negative ideology and philosophy for western countries, and even until today, there has not been a single agreed definition of terrorism (Seumas Miller, 2009; Aref, 2003). “An author writing in the 1980s listed more than hundred definitions, and since then, there have been numerous additions” (Walter, 2003). Different countries, people and organizations interpret the meaning of terrorism differently.
Terrorism is an ideology that promotes fair and equal status in the world. The vision is similar to Marxism, but terrorism uses more violent ways to achieve its goals, and most of the time terrorist will be involved with activities related to bombs, kidnapping, suicide bombing and cause a lot of material damage (Walter, 2003). “The term ‘Terrorism’ has now everywhere a bad, negative connotation in contrast, for instance, to ‘guerrilla,’ which enjoys a far more positive reputation” (Walter, 2003). Terrorism occurs for a lot of reasons. It has some internal and external reasons.
But generally, the relationship between terrorism and globalization is seen as a proportional relationship. That means, the more the world is globalized, the more terrorism cases will happen. Although we cannot really simplify it by saying terrorism cases are fully influenced by globalization, the act of terrorism is however identified through the causes of globalization. Globalization did help the world in the sense for communication. People are closer to each other because of globalization. Moreover, there are a lot of things that are influenced by globalization too.
For instance, global economics, global culture, politics and varying other aspects are elements that are influenced by globalization. United States is a very good example. They had dominated the world by different aspects. Economics, culture, social and politics are all the aspects that the United States are dominating now. One of the reasons that terrorism will rise is due to internal bad feelings that are caused by the Americans. “Most of the Americans saw the Moslem and Arab world as violent and hostile. ” said by (Lawrence, 2003).
The image of Middle Eastern countries was never appealing to the United States. Mutually, they were not content with their feelings. An example from the famous Disney movie- Aladdin, one of their soundtracks in the movie named “Arabian Night” the lyrics state, “Where they cut off your ear, If they don’t like your face, It’s barbaric, but hey, it’s home. ” Through this, it portrays that songs in children movies has shown a negative stereotype view to the Middle Eastern countries and people.
Middle Eastern countries always been looked in a bad way and it is a very negative stereotype way to look at them. One of the political scientists, who had studied American high school textbook presentations of Arabs and Muslims, had concluded that they present them as ‘backward, primitive, uncivilized people who… appeared warlike, powerful, barbaric and cruel. ‘” (Lawrence, 2003). Despite internal feelings have been affected, external feelings is however the leading factor that lead to rise of the terrorism. External feelings come from reality, as to the realization of the Arabs are being treated unfairly. Middle Eastern countries are not satisfied with what the United States are doing, because it is supporting Israel.
Israel is a country that did not respect the rules set by the United Nations. They were invaded at the West Bank and Palestine but they had back up from the United. Because of that, the United Nation cannot press charges on Israel because they had the United States supporting their means. This biasness results to forming grudges held against the United States from within the Middle East. Aside from that, the United States did have a significant influence upon Middle East culture. Countries like Iraq happened to have a case about the Prime Minister of Iraq forcing its citizens to wear western clothes.
If they deny complying with such rule, they will be executed immediately. The Iraqi Prime Minister was clearly practicing dictatorship because the citizens do not have an option to choose what they want to wear. People living in Iraq felt unfairness and they suffered from the lack of freedom of rights. They will then put all the blame on the United States because that’s the only country that is dominating the culture in other countries. It influenced Iraqi’s Prime Minister that forced them to be westernized. Globalization has speeded up development of economics, technologies, and other aspects in the world.
In aspect of economics, it linked the whole wide world together create an international open trading market. It allows the country that have initiated the trading market to the world gain profit and chances to make more profitable deals. This is done through overseas trading as well as neighboring countries. Besides economics, it also helps the development of communication. British Prime Minister Tony Blair (African Business, 2008) said that “Globalization is forcing changes in how people collaborate in a fundamental way, because we are interconnected now and the world is interconnected now. ”
Terrorism was given a very good opportunity to rise up because of the rising of interconnected world that is influenced largely by globalization. Globalization is partially good but it still does harm. Osama bin Laden, the famous terrorist believed that, the United States foreign policy harms the Muslims in the Middle East. He was famous with the quote of “They hate us for what we do, not who we are (Thomas, Paul 2001). ” Globalization helps terrorism spread throughout the whole wide world. It is not only based in Afghanistan, Iraq and the Middle East, it is also based everywhere which is not known of.
They have terrorist training camp is around the world and people can sign up to join the camp and get terrorist training in Osama camp in Afghanistan. Globalization made an easy way to let people access to terrorist organizations, one of the famous groups is called Al-Qaeda led by Osama Bin Laden. They are more coordinated now because of globalization interconnected the whole wide world and indirectly it is also connecting the terrorist organizations. American-born Muslims- Raed Hijazi, he is the ringleader of the terrorist attack in 1993 Feb 26 bombing of the World Trade Center. He planted bomb and blow up New York City tunnels and the U.
N complex (Adrian, 2001). Although the plan didn’t work out properly for them, but it still made some harms for the United States. 6 people died and about a thousand people injured on that day. His was a business student at Cal State, and he joined the mujaheddin in Afghanistan, where he became acquainted with the bin Laden network. A California Islamist website (www. khalifornia. org) promoted the need for a khalifa (Adrian, 2001). This case had showed that globalization did help the people not from the terrorist organizations join the terrorist organizations easily because of the interconnection of whole wide world.
Globalization did help spread of terrorism in different ways. One of the examples is from London. A mosque in London’s Finsbury Park is home base for Supporters of Sharia (SOS), “sharia” meaning the Islamic way of life and law (Adrian, 2001). The group is leaded by Abu Hamza, a cleric who fought in Afghanistan. He spread terrorism to London and give education of new generations of vengeful fanatics, some of who they inspire to learn from bin Laden the arts of terror and war (Adrian, 2001).
Hundreds of British Muslims already have been recruited to fight in Afghanistan, the Balkans, Kashmir, and Chechnya; many eventually become part of the bin Laden terrorist network (Adrian, 2001). Terrorism is already reached the transnational level. Terrorists found their way to communicate with each other and they are growing to be wider and bigger. Internet communication is the best way for terrorists to communicate, it indirectly cut down the space they needed to travel to communicate last time and replace it by using internet (Kristian, 2008).
It is a backlash of globalization because they disagree with the ideology of United States. Although globalization is not the main reason that cause terrorism to happen in the world but it did trigger the terrorism to happen. From my own opinion, I don’t think there is a way to solve terrorism, because they are fighting for their country, religion and ideology. It is hard to fulfill everyone in the world with a single ideology and it is impossible because everyone has different views and ideology (Karen, 2004). To keep the peace in the world United Nation must have a strong position in the world to keep every country in peace.