Anna Dean Michelle Steil English 101, Sec 12 22 Oct 2012 A Model of Christian Charity: Summary A Model of Christian Charity is a sermon by John Winthrop. He gives this sermon aboard the Arbella in 1630. John Winthrop began his and his Christian's journey with words for guidance and inspiration. He starts his sermon by stating that God created the rich and the poor. He created them for different reasons, in order to manifest his exertion in the areas of mercy, love, gentleness, faith, patience and obedience. Religion is used as a way of connecting with the Puritans.
He also uses references from the bible to prove his points. He talks about how God has created the three laws, and how if you follow them you will be a good Christian. He also talks about why justice and mercy are important in a high-quality society. He talks about the laws, including the law of nature, the law of grace, and law of gospel. In this sermon Winthrop tells us how to create a Christian society with love and guidance. He tells us the three laws. In the first law he wanted to show variety, so that God can be honored and praised by different people in different ways.
He can distribute his gifts to variety of people in diverse ways. Second, the rich and the poor help each other. The rich won’t mistreat the poor; in that case the poor won’t rebel. With the riches and the poor in one society there will be diversity. His third reason was that people need each other to create unity and peace. Winthrop wants the Puritans to love each other, and help each other. With each other’s help they can get through anything. God created these social classes so that they can all help each other in need, and become a better society. There are two rules he states which are Justice and Mercy.
He states that mercy is for the rich if in any suffering, or if they need any aid. Justice to the poor for any contract or treaty. John Winthrop asks what the puritans should do with lending money, he tells them to give as much as they can lend. He says that the rich must be keen to help out the deprived in their time of need because that is what God would want. He says to only give as much as you can give, not too much or too small. If one can’t pay you back don’t dwell over it. Forgive and let go. He says you must always forgive, debt must be forgiven.
Winthrop talks about the law of nature, which tells them to always to love their neighbor. No enemies, just friends. He says this because in order to work together and be a better society you must be able to get along with everyone. He states that love is the bond that will keeps the society together and as one. He says to always love with a pure heart. He talks about the law of grace, which is a moral law. This love and these rules united the Puritans. Lastly, when Christians need are in need of God, they must help him instead of just receiving. By giving, lending and forgiving.
He says that no one is perfect, and that if one Christian suffers, they all suffer. Christians are held together. They are together by love; they walk with each other through strength and weaknesses. He concludes that the love that is between the Christians is real, and should always be there, especially on their journey to America. He says that he wants a city upon hill, he says this because he wants other societies to want to be like them. Their society can be seen like a model to others. He wants his society to be build through his eyes, how he wants it to be.
The love is necessary to the body of Christ. He ends his sermon by telling the Puritans that they cannot break their contract with God. They have been following God’s laws and they must continue. He holds this contract against them, they simply shouldn’t break it. He says that they will be judged if they decide to break the contract they have made with God. Thirdly, the love is a heavenly and nature free, permanent which draws them closer to God. Fourthly, it lies in the happiness of its beloved. With all of these, the Puritans would be together as one with the name of Christ.
Winthrop wanted to unite the Puritans that would change the world, with serving God as a community. Mostly, he wants the puritans to keep their promise and remember their faith throughout their journey, and to always stay faithful to God. Winthrop wants the puritans to support one another through their journey for religious liberty. Throughout this journey in their new world create a loving society through God’s laws. As long as the puritans don’t break the contract with God, they won’t face judgment. In the end to just love with a pure heart and that to always remember that life is the most precious gift of all.