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Writing and Personal Accounts

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    If a work of non-fiction, such as a memoir or an autobiography, has been exaggerated or embellished, it is no longer a work of non-fiction. -False
    An essay is a type of non-fiction writing that typically puts forth an argument about an issue. -True
    Both fiction and non-fiction stories ___________________.
    -Contain conflict
    Non-fiction writing is always written from an objective, unbiased point of view -False
    Skills Lesson: Expository: Nonfiction
    Creative nonfiction refers to a type of
    -Open-form essay
    _______________________ are a type of non-fiction writing that combines the autobiography and the essay. -Personal accounts
    The type of non-fiction writing that can most closely resemble a creative non-fiction essay is the -Personal accounts
    Which of the following statements is TRUE about the narrator of an autobiography? -The narrator is a real person that is writing about his or her life. Which of the following is not a type of non-fiction writing? -Legend

    The characters in non-fiction stories are _______________________. -Real
    Autobiographies are almost always written _______________________. -In the first-person

    Skills Lesson: Autobiography
    Autobiographies are generally written by the elders of large families to preserve tradition and heritage. -False
    Autobiographies are usually written by _________________________. -Famous people
    All autobiographies are divided into chapters based on important events that define the author’s life. -False

    Which of the following is not a type of non-fiction writing? -Legend
    In an autobiography, sometimes the author discusses events from another person’s life in addition to his or her own. This phenomenon is referred to
    as a (n) _____________ element -Biographical

    Critical Reading
    -Autobiographical writing
    From When I Was Puerto Rican: What conclusion can you draw about the author from this selection? -She was a good student
    Critical Reading: The author’s description of the mountains shows that he probably -Has studied photographs of these mountains
    All autobiographies are divided into chapters based on important events that define the author’s life. -False
    Which of the following is not a strategy for reading an autobiography? -Compare the work to other fiction works you’ve read
    Being a work of non-fiction, the events in an autobiography are all factual and do not show bias or subjectivity on the part of the author. -False
    Autobiography: from Rosa Parks – My Story

    Who led the Montgomery bus boycott?
    -Martin Luther King
    Why does Rosa Parks explain “what kind of tired” she was? -So people will know she chose not to give up her seat
    Why does Rosa Parks explain “what kind of tired” she was? -So people will know she chose not to give up her seat

    The man in the seat next to Rosa Parks’ ____ with the bus driver’s request -Complies
    According to the lecture, when was Central High School forcefully integrated? -1957
    What was Rosa Parks’ purpose in writing her autobiography Rosa Parks: My Story? -To share her experiences and increase readers’ understanding of African Americans War: Wounded and Trapped; Beware of the Dog

    When the pilot describes a world that turns “from white to black, then back to white again,” he is referring to — -Being awake and aware of himself and then losing consciousness In “Wounded and Trapped” and “Beware of the Dog,” you learn that during World War II Britain and America were — -Allies

    Without activity
    -Idly
    Dizzy
    -Wobbly
    Moving in waves
    -Undulating
    Pulled up; lifted
    -Hoisted
    In “Beware of the Dog,” what do you learn about the relationship between the British and the French during World War II? -They were enemies while Germany occupied France.

    Temporarily confused and seeing imaginary things
    -Delirious
    Both “Wounded and Trapped” and “Beware of the Dog” focus on — -British pilots shot down during world war II battles
    The pilot’s reaction to his situation during the story goes from — -Calm nervousness
    Both “Wounded and Trapped” and “Beware of the Dog” focus on — -British pilots shot down during World War II Battles
    What bothers the pilot in “Beware of the Dog” about the sound of a Junkers 88 is that — -It is like that of the plane the Germans use to bomb England Which of the following events is not a clue to the true situation the pilot is in? -The nurse offers to bring him another egg for breakfast if he rings the bell. Skills Lesson: Essays

    According to the lecture, all essays have at least one thing in common: The author’s statement of a (n) -Argument

    Closed-form essays generally have _______________________ restrictions as open-form essays. -More
    In closed-form essays, the main idea or the central argument is found _________________. -In the beginning of the essay.
    The type of essay in which you are most likely to read the author’s thoughts
    and feelings about a given topic would be ______________________. -Personal opinion
    Essays are ______________________ novels.
    -Generally shorter than novels
    The more informal essays are usually categorized as _________________ form. -Open form
    The central argument of open-form essays is usually found in the beginning of the essay. -False
    Essays usually discuss more than one issue.
    -False
    Only persuasive essays contain ideas, evidence, and organization that support the author’s argument. -False
    The form, function, and content of an essay are similar to that of a speech. -True

    Articles and Essays

    In “Exile,” Papa tells his children they are going to the beach because — -He doesn’t want to alarm the children
    According to the news article, Dinh’s family went by boat to — -Malyasia
    The puppy does all of the following things except —
    -Bite the two men who menace the narrator
    Distracted
    -Unable to concentrate on something
    Putrid
    -Disgusting
    Admonitions
    -Scoldings
    Elect
    -Choose
    Hyperactive
    -Abnormally active
    What theme do all four selections have in common?
    -A description of the experiences of immigrants to America
    All four selections —
    – Describes the bravery of people forced to leave their countries By describing Viet Dinh’s experience in an article, Anthony Lewis — -Makes readers think about the reality and result of Viet Dinh’s experiences Mister Victor moves in with the family to —

    -To protect them until they can immigrate to America
    What does the narrator’s aunt mean when she says, “You’re going to find liberty when you get to the United States”? -The family will be free in America
    Only persuasive essays contain ideas, evidence, and organization that support the author’s argument. -False
    Skills Lesson: Personal Accounts
    Personal essays are almost always told from the 3rd person perspective -False
    The objective of most personal accounts is to convince or persuade you, the reader, to think and/or act in a certain way. -False
    Usually just one event or subject is discussed in a personal account. -True
    A personal account blends the form and function of a memoir with that of an essay. -False
    You should approach reading a personal account much like you would approach reading a (n) ______________________: by looking for main ideas, noting the supporting evidence, and considering the author’s purpose and perspective. -Essay

    Which of the following would be an example of a “universal” experience? -Falling in love for the first time
    While some stories told in personal accounts relate ____________________ experiences, other tell us events and activities that -Universal
    According to the lecture, personal accounts are similar to essays in that them ______________________. -Cover a single subject or event
    The example of the football game from the lecture illustrates the number of different _________________ that can come from the re-telling of one single event. -Perspectives

    While some personal narratives describe events that most people have experienced (i.e., universals), according to the lecture, their essays are
    still unique due to their individual ______________________. -Perspective

    The objective of most personal accounts is to convince or persuade you, the reader, to think and/or act in a certain way. -False
    Usually just one event or subject is discussed in a personal account -True
    Article: from Lost Moon: The Perilous Voyage of Apollo 13
    About how far from Earth were the astronauts when the explosion occurred? -200,000 miles
    Which United States carrier provided recovery after the splashdown of Apollo 13? -USS Iwo Jima
    Sleep was difficult for the astronauts because it was too hot in the module. -False
    According to the article, who had to miss the mission due to the possibility of contracting measles? -Mattingly
    The website describes a series of mishaps before the launch to prepare the reader for the main catastrophe. This is known as -Foreshadowing
    What did the astronauts use as a “lifeboat” after the explosion? -The lunar module

    Grammar: Fragmented Sentences

    Taking a canoe trip in Canada.
    -Fragment
    The wind blowing spray over us.
    -Fragment
    Sufficient food for a week’s journey
    -Fragment
    Where their fire had been.
    -Fragment
    Others had camped there before us.
    -Sentence
    Before you could see it.
    -Fragment
    How clearly was the trail marked?
    -Sentence
    We could not paddle against the wind unless the guide helped us. -Sentences
    As we rounded a bend in the river.
    -Fragment
    The group spent the morning together.
    -Sentence

    Grammar: Types of Clauses
    “We visited the historical buildings in Salzburg, including Hellbrun Castle, a residence designed by Markus Sittikus.” -Adjective clause
    If you go to college, you will have better career options.” -Adverb clause
    “I visited every shopping center I could before I left Calgary.” -Adverb
    After the fruit is harvested, we will take it to market.”
    -Adverb
    Before I left this morning, I remembered to make my lunch.
    -Adverb
    When she paints the room, it will look much better in here
    -Adverb
    He refused to consider the data.”
    -Independent

    Structural Features of Informational Text

    A header in a functional document might include all of the following items except a — -Paragraph

    The statements made in the review about ProFun are —
    -Personal opinion
    The centered title, or header, that states the purpose of the flier is — -For sale
    Graphic elements include all of the following items except — -Sentences
    In order to understand the __________________ of an informational text, we might ask of it questions like: Why was this text written? What effect does it aim to have on its readers? -Main idea
    The function of the flier’s bulleted list is to —
    -Focus on important technical information
    The application part of informational texts tells us what the real world use is for the information that is presented. -True
    What negative aspect of the ProFun system mentioned in the review is not mentioned in the flier? -It weighs a lot
    A graphic element included in the online review is the —
    -Rating stars
    Most reading strategies, according to the lecture, can be applied to literary as well as informational texts. -False
    Pieces of supporting information and the way(s) in which they are presented usually help us understand the ____________________ of informational texts. -Plot

    Skills Lesson: World Literature
    Which of the following might present a language-related difficulty of reading world literature? -Unfamiliar words
    ___________ the fact that world literature stories usually come from other countries and cultures, there is ______________ that -Despite; always some meaning
    The Ramayana is a text from _____________.
    -India
    World literature texts come from a variety of ___________.
    -All of the above
    ______________ Themes are applicable to any group or culture at any time in history. -Universal
    Understanding the culture from which a story comes _______________. -Helps the reader understand the importance behind the literature ______________ is an example of a universal theme.
    -All of the above.
    Japan: Kojiki
    The Kojiki is a primary source for Buddhism.
    -False

    The Shinto religion believes that natural formations, such as Mt. Fuji, can be spirits, or Kami. -True
    Shinto’s priesthood can best be described as ________.
    -Loosely-organized
    Greece: Theogony
    Who gives both inspiration and authority to Hesiod to write the Theogony? -The muses
    From what period of history are the writings of Hesiod?
    -Archaic
    Who is the first primeval god to exist?
    -Chaos
    What type of literature is the Theogony?
    -Epic poem
    Who is the most dominant god at the end of the Theogony?
    -Zeus
    What is Hesiod’s purpose in writing the Theogony?
    -Explain the origin of the gods and their power in the cosmos What does Gaia represent?
    -Earth
    Grammar: Parallel Structure

    Moderate control of tsetse flies can be achieved by sterilizing them with radiation or _____. -By spraying them with insecticide
    Nagana is a disease that affects not only cattle but also _____. -Horses
    After the bite of the tsetse fly, parasites multiply in the blood of animals and _____. -Of humans
    Tsetse flies feed by piercing the skin with their mouthparts and _____. -Sucking the blood of animals and humans
    Select the sentence that illustrates the use of proper parallel construction. -Coach Espinoza was a brilliant strategist, a caring mentor, and a wise friend. The disease that attacks cattle can be far more difficult to control than the disease _____. -That attacks humans

    Select the sentence that illustrates the use of proper parallel construction. -Raoul’s QPA is higher than Ralph’s
    Select the sentence that illustrates the use of proper parallel construction. -In English class, Tashonda learned to read poems critically and to appreciate good prose. Tsetse flies are notorious as carriers of the disease
    Nagana in cattle and _____. -Of sleeping sickness in humans

    Select the sentence that illustrates the use of proper parallel construction. -Phuong Tran has wit, charm, and a pleasing personality.
    Grammar: Connotations vs. Denotations
    Mike _____ us to go to the funny house.
    -Nagged
    The angry mob _________ the furniture out the window.
    -Hurled
    Mrs. Evans, our __________ next-door neighbor, likes to gossip about everyone who lives on our street. -Nosy
    Based on the connotation of the underlined word, what can the reader assume about Laura? -A and B
    Behind the diner, the dumpster is quite ________.
    -Smelly
    We have a large stone fireplace in our ______.
    -Home
    We welcomed the ______ into his house.
    -Panhandler
    We saw _____ animals in the animal house.
    -Fascinating

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