To keep up with the criminal problems in society, functions and components of the criminal justice system has to evolve in order to be able to detect and keep up with growing trends in society. New laws need to be created to help keep up with the evolution and its new trends. In this paper the evaluation of past, present, and future trends that connect to societies and the components of the criminal justice system will be discussed. It will also assess the recent and future contemporary issues that affect the criminal justice system.
The purpose f this paper is to show that the criminal justice system has a major role in an ever changing society. Recent and future trends have always and will always affect the criminal justice system. New trends in technology, law, terrorism, gender and diversity will always effect the functions of the criminal justice system. Technology in the 21 SST century is one of the legal issues that have caused controversy. New technology devices such as hand geometry biometrics and the use of retina and iris devices have the ability to gain information not only on people’s health but also their medical history as well.
When it concerns the rimming justice system, many of these new technology devices are being used to detect drugs and concealed weapons that are sneaked into prison facilities. They help prevent illegal activities in the prison. In Australia, the correction system there uses the smart card technology which provides them with better security, efficiency and flexibility. The smart card allows assets to tracking inmates, staff monitoring, visitor tracking, and telekinetic (gavotte. Com).
The smart card also controls the temperature and humidity in the prison facility, allowing for their comprehensive responsibilities to be managed. Due to overcrowding in correctional facilities since 1997, this technology is needed and will be needed in the future, it has become an integral part of the landscape of the criminal justice system (Marking, Roberts, 2009). The growing number of juveniles being incarcerated in adult prisons is another growing trend that society is facing in the 21st century. These juveniles are being transferred to the adult court system and placed in adult correctional institutions (Marking, Roberts, 2009).
This is the time for policy makers to focus on the reason why juvenile delinquents behavior are o unstable while at the same time evaluate ways to reduce their delinquent acts. Globalization has made domestic problems reach national boundaries. This globalization has allowed gangs such as MS-13 to evolve into transnational crime syndicates that extend their pursuit of illegal activity outside national borders. It is predicted that in the future without successful alternatives for the youth, social and poor economic conditions will continue to grow which will make the idea of joining a gang look glamorous to juveniles.
Changes have to be made to help educate these juveniles so that they don’t filter into adult prisons and become a art of the problem. In the past the juvenile justice system was once considered to be a place to reform youth. Now that more and more juvenile are being transferred into adult prisons greater demand are being place on correctional institutions. It is predicted in the future that urban terrorism from aggressive gangs will be a greater threat to American society than foreign terrorist.
This is why new techniques in the criminal justice system have to evolve in order to keep up with the social changes in society. According to Marking and Roberts (2009), the composition of the United States Supreme Courts shifted during the iris part of the century and it has to continue to shift in order to play major role as well as keep focus on the first Ten Amendments to the Constitution. Evidence has shown that courts are moving away from restrictions placed on the police, how trial are conducted, and sentencing and punishment concerns.
During the 18th century the Bill of Rights was put in place to protect the minorities against the majorities and presently they are still doing the same in the 21st century. In recent years the American Correction System faced challenges of overcrowding; cause of the “three strike and you are out” law and lack of rehabilitation and reentry programs. Due to social, legal, and physical barriers incarcerated individuals have found it hard to get a chance to reenter society. These barriers have lacked motivation, social skills, housing, vocational, employment and public assistance.
But recently several hundred million dollars have been spent on developing and supporting prisoner reentry programs nationwide (Marking, Roberts, 2009), with the hope of not allowing the cycle of recidivism and violence in the criminal justice system to continue to go unabated. Further study has is showing that the 21st century is still seeing a large number of recidivism in the criminal justice system, not because of the lack of programs but because of a lack of implementation. If the programs are provided but not taken advantage of they will be lost in the future.
Everybody has to their part to implement the program so that recidivism can at least be cut in half. As prison populations grow, other trends inside the facility evolve, such as the challenge of inmates with HIVE. In the past decade, programs and treatments for individuals who are incarcerated with the HIVE virus have been developed. But in today’s correctional facilities, these individuals are being treated like the leaper colonies of the 18th century, They are separated from the rest of society, In the present these individuals are not trusted enough to be responsible for controlling their medication.
In the future more and more individuals will be incarcerated with the HIVE virus as well as full blown AIDS causing a burden to place on the correctional system (Marking, Roberts, 2009). In order to meet the medication demand for these individuals incarcerated, medical models will possibly have to be used. Medical models focus n the physical and biological conditions (Warehouse. Com). It is not like the traditional nursing which focuses on all dimensions of a patient’s physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual being.
An added problem for the criminal justice system is the care of the children whom the incarcerated individuals left behind. Because of unreliable data, it is unknown to know how many children are included in in this hidden population, but just imagine the impact that this problem has on the children. This could create a since of not being wanted or special enough to be cared for. According to Marking and Roberts (2009), if his issue continues to be overlooked, the prison population will continue to grow, pushing even more problems towards society in the future.
In order for this to not become a major problem of concern, recommendations to look for these children should be acknowledged and a response on how to deal with these “hidden” children addressed. Terrorism has always been a thought in the minds of the American society, but not to the point of it actually happening in this day and time, but because of the terrorist act that occurred on September 11, 2001, that mindset has changed. Due to this act laws have been made to alp identify and punish these individuals who want to bring harm on the soil of the United States.
By creating new these new laws, some communities in the United States have been affected or targeted. One of these communities is the Muslim community, they feel threaten by law enforcement in the United States. They feel that they are being targeted, blamed, and held responsible for what happened during September 1 1 . There are those who want to punish the whole Muslim community, but in order for this issue to be solved or eradicated, law enforcement has to get more involve with the Muslim community so that the Muslim community can gain some trust in the United States criminal justice system.
Law enforcement has to stop profiling members of certain ethnic and religious groups. As a country, we should be concerned with the threat of terrorism but also concerned about the ethnicity and human rights. The war on terrorist could be considered similar to the war on drugs, where law enforcement appeared to target and arrest a large of amount of drug users and small level drug dealers, but allow the drug lords to walk away free. In the 21st century, the war on terrorism must be continued, but the tendency to target and knish certain ethnic and religious groups has to be curbed.
In the past, a cry for equality for women and minorities has been an issue of fair treatment in the United States. They both were considered 2nd class citizens; they were citizens without rights (Marking, Roberts, 2009). Women have even been victims of a higher rate of crimes lately than in the past decades, due to policies designed to protect them. Because of this trend, females and minorities are still treated differently. For equality to exist in the 21st century for women and minorities, more needs to be done to insure equality of all humans.
The policies are put in place, but the implementation and practice is not. In order for this equality to be successful, the criminal justice system must be fair and efficient from beginning to end and make sure a better effort occurs in the 21st century. In conclusion, the criminal justice system has to play a vital role in its connection with society in the future. In order for society to thrive, laws must be amended to show fairness. Policies must be changed so that they don’t target just the minority and poor. It is time to reshape the system; existing legislative procedures must be improved.
Short term and long termed planning is a necessity for future national policies for crime prevention to be successful. These strategies along with new technology, the preservation of democracy and justice for society can be accomplished.