How Are Theories By John Locke And Rousseau Similar?

Updated: March 17, 2023
John Locke and Rousseau both believe in the natural rights of man and the idea that society should be based on a social contract.
Detailed answer:

John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau were two influential philosophers whose ideas on politics and society continue to be studied and debated today. Despite differences in their specific views, there are several key similarities in their theories. First, both Locke and Rousseau believed in the natural rights of man, including the right to life, liberty, and property. They argued that these rights were inherent to all individuals and could not be taken away by any external authority. Both believed that the purpose of government was to protect these natural rights. They saw government as a social contract between the people and their rulers, with the people agreeing to give up some of their individual freedom in exchange for protection of their rights. Furthermore, Locke and Rousseau shared the belief that all individuals are born free and equal. They argued that social inequalities were a result of external factors, such as education or wealth, rather than inherent differences in individuals. Locke and Rousseau believed in the need for separation of powers, with different branches of government having distinct responsibilities and limits. Finally, both Locke and Rousseau were major influences on the Founding Fathers of the United States, with their ideas on natural rights, government, and the social contract being incorporated into the U.S. Constitution. In conclusion, despite differences in their specific views, Locke and Rousseau shared many fundamental beliefs about politics and society. Their theories continue to shape modern political thought, and their contributions to the development of democratic systems and ideas about individual rights and freedoms continue to be celebrated and debated today.

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How Are Theories By John Locke And Rousseau Similar?. (2023, Mar 17). Retrieved from