Critical thinking is a skill that you can use to make better decisions, evaluate evidence and arguments, and solve problems. It’s a skill that you can use in your everyday life and in your career—and it will help you stand out from the crowd.
Critical thinking is more than just being able to think logically. It’s about understanding why you’re making certain decisions and how they affect the world around you.
Here are the 4 key skills that make up critical thinking:
The ability to think critically involves the ability to reflect on one’s own thinking and to make adjustments as needed.
The ability to think critically requires the ability to identify and assess arguments. (An argument is a claim plus reasons for believing it.)
The ability to think critically entails the ability to identify and assess evidence.(Evidence answers the question “Why?”)
The ability to think critically necessitates the ability to reflect on the implications and consequences of one’s own thinking. (The implications are what follows logically from our beliefs; consequences are what happens when we actually act upon those beliefs.)