Rene Descartes was a French philosopher and mathematician who lived from 1596 to 1650. He is known for being one of the most influential thinkers in philosophy and one of the founders of modern western philosophy. Descartes was a prolific writer, and his work influenced many other philosophers, scientists, and mathematicians throughout history.
Philosopher discovered that the mind and body were two separate entities. He also believed that the mind was a nonphysical substance that interacted with the physical body.
Descartes believed that the body functions on its own without any influence from the mind. This is called materialism or physicalism because it denies any role for immaterial substances like souls or spirits in explaining how things work (see dualism).
In fact, Descartes’ Meditations also explores how humans can know anything for certain. He believes we can only know things if they are proven through reason or if they are directly observed by our senses. This theory became known as empiricism because it stated that all knowledge comes from experience or observation rather than from reason alone or faith alone (in this case, religion).
Descartes’s Meditations on First Philosophy is considered by many to be the most important philosophical work written since Aristotle’s Metaphysics. It is also considered to be among the most difficult texts ever written in the history of philosophy due to its use of complex argumentation and deep analysis from several different fields of knowledge including science, metaphysics, theology, mathematics, and psychology.