In 1500 BC, the Amorites conquered the city of Babylon, which the Kassites ruled. The Amorites established a new dynasty, which lasted until 1250 BC.
The Amorite rulers of Babylon were called Hammurabi and Samsu-iluna. They expanded their empire by conquering cities in southern Mesopotamia. However, they were unable to capture Mari or Eshnunna (17th century BC).
Babylon was one of the most important cities of Mesopotamia, and it became one of the largest cities in the world during this period. King Hammurabi made Babylon even more important when he expanded his territory and built many temples and palaces there. He also formed an empire that included parts of modern Iraq, Syria and Turkey.
During this time, Babylonian culture reached its peak with great works of art such as statues and sculptures depicting gods and animals such as lions and bulls. In fact, Babylon’s great antiquity is attested by its archaeological remains. Large parts of it lie beneath modern Baghdad, but excavations at the site have revealed some important information about its past. For example, Babylonian tablets written in cuneiform script record that early work began on building projects there around 4,000 BC.
In summary, Babylon was home to several important Mesopotamian empires, including the Akkadian Empire (2334 BC–2218 BC) and the Neo-Babylonian Empire (612 BC–539 BC). The city’s most famous ruler was Hammurabi, who ruled during the Old Babylonian Period (1894 BC–1750 BC).