The Iliad is an ancient Greek epic poem traditionally attributed to Homer. It is about the Trojan War, and it focuses on the actions of the hero Achilles during that war. The Iliad is one of the oldest surviving works of literature and has been influential on many later works. The poem is divided into 24 books, which are further divided into individual chapters.
The Iliad is an epic poem in dactylic hexameter, traditionally attributed to Homer. Set during the Trojan War, it tells of the battles and events during the weeks of a quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles. Although the story covers only a few weeks in the final year of the war, the Iliad mentions or alludes to many of the Greek legends about the siege; the earlier events, such as the gathering of warriors for the siege, prelude to the Iliad proper.
The story begins with a brief description of Agamemnon’s background and his quarrel with Achilles. It then recounts how Achilles withdrew from battle after Agamemnon took Briseis, his captive woman. Achilles’ friend Patroclus then took over Achilles’ position as chief warrior for the Achaeans (the Greeks). Patroclus was killed in battle, and Achilles rejoined the fighting, killing Hector (the prince of Troy) and ending up severely wounded himself.
Work ends with Hector’s funeral and the Greeks’ return home.
In addition to its literary value, The Iliad has a historical significance because it provides insight into life in Ancient Greece during this time period. It also offers an understanding of how ancient Greeks viewed warfare, heroism, ethics and religion. The Iliad has been adapted numerous times for stage, film, and television; it has also been translated into many languages around the world.