The American Civil War was fought from 1861 to 1865, mainly in the Southern United States, is sometimes called the War of the Rebellion, or simply the Civil War. It was one of the deadliest wars in history.
The war was essentially a result of political and economic tensions between slavery and non-slavery states.
The Union (Northern) states wanted to limit slavery, whereas the Confederate (Southern) states wanted to extend it into new territories and eventually abolish it altogether. The war started when 11 Southern states seceded from the United States and formed a new nation called the Confederate States of America.
The war ended with a victory for the North after four years of bloody fighting. More than 600,000 soldiers died during this conflict but both sides lost so many lives that neither side could claim victory or defeat. But as time went on, each side became more determined and more confident that they could win!
Other issues such as states’ rights and economic differences also contributed to the conflict.
The war was fought mainly on land but also in the sea and air. It lasted for four years and ended with a defeat for the CSA.
The Union won, but slavery was not abolished until after World War I.