After the Civil War, the North’s plan for rebuilding the South’s economy was to rebuild infrastructure, promote industry and agriculture, and ensure racial equality. It took many years to achieve these goals; however, the main outline of this plan was put into action right after the war ended in 1865. The federal government mainly used four measures to implement Reconstruction: it created a Freedmen’s Bureau to assist freed slaves; it passed a Civil Rights Act of 1866; it ratified the Fourteenth Amendment which granted African-American citizenship; and it began putting former Confederate states under military rule until they approved their new state constitutions that protected basic civil rights for all citizens. To enforce these measures, Congress created a Joint Committee on Reconstruction whose members were divided between Republicans and Democrats but who ultimately supported President Andrew Johnson’s view that local Southern governments should be given more power than Washington. Although there were many successes during this time period, such as gaining citizenship for African-Americans and creating better economic conditions for all citizens by giving them land and financial support, there was also resistance from white Southerners who opposed racial equality. After the withdrawal of federal troops from the South in 1877, Reconstruction came to an end. The period had left a lasting impact on the American South, shaping its economy, politics, and society for generations to come. The Northern vision for the Reconstruction-era Southern economy was largely achieved but not without its challenges. Reconstruction was a complex and often controversial period in American history that continues to be felt in the American South today.
What Was The Northern Vision For The Reconstruction-Era Southern Economy?
What Was The Northern Vision For The Reconstruction-Era Southern Economy?. (2022, Nov 25). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/qa/what-was-the-northern-vision-for-the-reconstruction-era-southern-economy/