The Boston Tea Party was a series of protests by colonial Americans against the British government and the East India Company. In response to the Tea Act of 1773, which allowed the East India Company to have a monopoly on all tea sales in the American colonies and placed taxes on them, a group of Patriot colonists dressed as Mohawk Indians boarded three East India Company ships in Boston Harbor and dumped 342 chests of tea into the water. The Boston Tea Party was an important event that led up to the American Revolution. The Patriots who participated in this protest were demonstrating against not being represented in Parliament and demanding taxation without representation. The Boston Tea Party was a demonstration against the East India Company’s monopoly on the tea trade. Led by Patriot colonists who boarded the company’s ships and threw the cargo into Boston Harbor, the event took place on December 16, 1773. The Patriots risked arrest and punishment by the British government for their actions, which came to symbolize grassroots activism in the colonies and is commemorated annually in Boston with a reenactment.