The narrator of The Yellow Wallpaper is an unnamed woman who has recently given birth. She is suffering from post-partum depression, which her husband, a doctor named John, is trying to help her recover from.
John has rented a house for the summer so he can try to help his wife get better. He has also hired a woman named Mrs. Grose to take care of her during the day while he goes outside to work in his garden. However, the narrator becomes increasingly fixated on the yellow wallpaper in her room and becomes obsessed with it as her mental state deteriorates.
The narrator’s story is told from first person point of view, which allows readers to experience the events through her eyes. The story is written in journal format, so readers can see how she feels about everything that happens as it happens. It’s also written in present tense, which adds an urgency to everything going on that wouldn’t be present if it was written in past tense or past perfect tense.