The Renaissance was a period of time in which there was a revival of learning and this meant that people wanted to learn more about their world and the universe around them. Scholars from all over Europe came together to share ideas and information with each other, which helped them create new works of art, literature, science, and technology.
The Renaissance began in Italy because it was very wealthy at this time because it had many trade routes with other countries in Europe, Asia, and Africa. They were also very advanced in technology and architecture since they were able to build large buildings out of stone instead of just wooden structures like most other countries could do at this time (which would make them more resistant to earthquakes).
The Italian city-states had developed into powerful nations with strong governments and armies. They were fighting each other for territory and resources, which led to an increase in trade between them. And this wealth enabled them to support artists who created beautiful works of art that adorned their buildings or homes. The wealthy merchant class also patronized musicians and writers who wrote poetry or plays that were performed at private parties or public festivals, so artists could devote more time to their work than was possible when they were working for someone else.