Cleopatra was an Egyptian queen who is one of the most famous women in history. She was born in 69 B.C., and died in 30 B.C., at the age of 39. Her father was Ptolemy XII Auletes, and her mother was Cleopatra V Tryphaena, a sister of Berenice III and Cleopatra IV.
She lived during a time when Egypt was a powerful country because it owned much of the world known to the Romans at that time. She was able to use her charms to get what she wanted. People have thought about her for thousands of years, and some people still do today.
Cleopatra was married twice: once to Julius Caesar, who was a Roman general who conquered many parts of Europe and Asia; and once to Mark Antony, another Roman general. They were both very important men in Rome at that time, and they helped each other rule their countries together.
Cleopatra ruled for 21 years (51-30 BC) and was one of the most famous queens in history. Her reign is known as the “Ptolemaic Renaissance” because it was a Golden Age for Egyptian culture. She built many impressive monuments, including an impressive palace on the island of Pharos near Alexandria. She also established a famous library at Alexandria (the Library of Alexandria), which contained hundreds of thousands of books and scrolls before it was destroyed by fire in 48 BC.
Cleopatra was also a patron of the arts, and her reign was another Golden Age for Egyptian culture.