Stimulant Treatment of ADHD and Risk for Substance Abuse

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The normal thing to do right when you wake up is to make yourself a cup of coffee for that extra boost of energy to keep your gears moving throughout the day; others may disagree and say tea works better and other, others say that a magic pill can without a doubt, prepare you to go “make that money” with no problem of anything getting in your way in a span of 12 hours. A magic pill like that may sounds too good to be true, right? Right. In order to balance the weird “bad and good” equilibrium that exists in our universe you must lose some to win some. When someone is diagnosed with ADHD they are prescribed to a specific medication that contains amphetamine that will boost the availability of dopamine in their brain. This helps a lot when a patient actually do have ADHD due to the low amount of dopamine they contain.

Many people who do not will still take this medication to enhance their performance skills, whether it is for work or school it will help them stay focused and energized. There is a cost to pay though, especially if you don’t actually have ADHD and have “normal” levels of dopamine in that brain of yours. The higher your dopamine levels the worse your crash will be once amphetamine medication wears off. This can result in depression, irritability, mood swings, you name it. Sounds like what happens when you crash after drinking that cup of magical caffeine beans/ leaves except with amphetamines you can add much more long term bad effects. Many say the bad results are worth it in the end because of the possibility of becoming a successful human being due to these enhancement drugs. Amphetamine is to our brain like steroids is to an athlete who doesn’t like to play a fair game.

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Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a very common disorder diagnosed in children and in some cases, adults. A few symptoms used for diagnosis is the inability to stay focused, pay attention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, behavioral issues, etc. An abnormally low amount of dopamine levels is the reason many children and adult are diagnosed with ADHD. Dopamine (C8H11NO2), a motor function neurotransmitter chemical used to transmit signals through our bodies. It is the reason why we feel happy, sad, and along with many other emotions; it also affects the way we learn and behave. Dopamine belongs to a group of chemicals called the catecholamine neurotransmitters which includes other chemicals like epinephrine, histamine, and serotonin. The catecholamine transmitter group are responsible for changes in one’s mood and it is also the cause for depression. There is actual evidence that ADHD medication containing amphetamine which affects this form of dopamine can lead to the possibility of abusing other drugs considered to be speedy. Louis J. Gotlib states in the Gale Encyclopedia of Science:

Drugs like cocaine, amphetamines, and heroin all raise the level of dopamine in different parts of our brain. The neurotransmitter that produces dopamine contains specific receptors called D4 receptors and it is affected by these drugs showing evidence that they may make a person more prone to drug addiction (Gotlib 2014). There is a lot of controversy behind the use of amphetamine to treat Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder because of this kind of research. Although there is negative effects there is also good ones which is where the whole statement of universe equilibrium comes into place.

Amphetamines (C9H12N) are stimulants that affect the central nervous system. It is used mostly to medicate people who suffer from narcolepsy and as well as ADHD. Like many other drugs, it is also used illegally & recreationally, mostly by college students who are trying to get better grades or are trying pass their final exams. Amphetamines is a class of drug that also refers to the compounds dextroamphetamine and methamphetamine. The use of all types of amphetamines has been considered to be an important public health problem (Hadland 2008). All three, amphetamine, dextroamphetamine, and methamphetamines are classified as Drug Enforcement Administration schedule II drugs which basically means that you can form a dependency and can also lead to possible substance abuse. Because its classified as a DEA drug it is considered legal and is also available medically throughout the country.

To be specific, the type of medication containing these drugs are Adderall, Ritalin, Concerta, Vyvanse, and a few others. They are normally taken daily or every few hours when prescribed to a patient with ADHD. It is also surprisingly easy to get ahold of, even if you don’t have the disorder. After ingestion it normally takes about thirty minutes to an hour for the medication to kick in and start to do its job or yours. It all starts off with a feeling of euphoric fuzzy feeling happiness, alertness, and the confidence of a hundred Roman gladiators. Because of all amazing affects that amphetamines cause, it is the main reason why it is used recreationally and illegally, mostly by adults. Time to balance out the universe – serious but common side effects include high blood pressure, cardiac arrhythmia, anxiety, aggression, paranoia, insomnia, depression, and addiction.

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Stimulant Treatment of ADHD and Risk for Substance Abuse. (2022, May 15). Retrieved from

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