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Cultural Identity Essay Examples Page 2

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Yin Xiuzhen : Divulging Memory and Cultural Identity Through Art 


Cultural Identity

Words: 1520 (7 pages)

Introduction A female figure that is famous and leads the Chinese contemporary art scene, Yin XiuZhen (Born. 1963, Beijing, China) graduated in 1989 from Capital Normal University in Beijing. She began her career in the early 1990s with her degree Bachelor of Art in oil painting from the Fine Arts Department. Various international exhibitions invited…

I Am Proud of My Cultural Identity

Cultural Identity

Words: 1587 (7 pages)

On the first of October, I attended “Dancin’ in the Streets: A Simchat Torah Celebration”, at the Sixth & I synagogue in Northwest Washington, D.C. Simchat Torah means “rejoicing in the Torah.” Simchat (or Simhat) Torah is an important Yom tov (Jewish holiday). A few days prior to the event, I met up with Rabi…

Cultural Representation: Philippine Music through Art

Cultural Identity

Words: 2573 (11 pages)

Art has been a significant avenue showcasing how culture shapes identity. It can be thought of as a platform where in different mediums such as dance and music are utilized in ways that details the rich traditions, unique way of life, and history of a certain group of people or community. An article by lumen…

Cultural Identity in Geography

Cultural Identity


Words: 1279 (6 pages)

When I have thoughts of San Antonio, New Mexico, school, or home, each of these places evoke a different feeling and conjure different images of places and people. Each of these places have shaped who I am – my productivity, happiness, and creativity. Certain aspects that shape and define someone such as personal beliefs, values,…

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What Is Cultural Identity?

One of the ways to become an effective practitioner is to acquire the ability to apply psychological research methodology critique skills to the therapeutic setting. Therefore, as a clinician, I will be using the CBT technique to help address Jodhaa issues such as fear, anxiety, and depression. CBT is a psychotherapeutic approach that integrates behavioral and cognitive principles, and research with behavioral therapy.

The method will be the ABCDE steps of Albert Ellis

Additionally, the main focus of CBT is to replace negative and unproductive thought patterns with more realistic and useful one. Moreover, my client Jodhaa has a strong religious background so the specific therapy I will use is the RCBT and the method will be the ABCDE steps of Albert Ellis (1962).

  1. is activating; understanding what situation occurred around the time of the negative emotions. is beliefs; understanding the thoughts that went through the client’s mind. is consequences; understanding the clients emotional and behavioral attitudes.
  2. is disputing; identifying and challenging those unhelpful thinking styles involved in their thought process.
  3. is executing; here the need to use client’s religious beliefs and practices as a resource to help confront and change dysfunctional beliefs such as making Jodhaa see that Islam is there to protect and care for their women as jewel and there is nothing to be afraid of.

What is ethnocentrism?

Ethnocentrism develops racial and religious differences. Ethnocentric individuals believe that they are better than other individuals for reasons based on their heritage. Hierarchical and dichotomous thinking are the basis for ethnocentrism and ethnocentric biases (Jun 2010). According to the article titled Looking at how cultural differences influence human behavior, Kendra Cherry defined Ethnocentrism as a tendency to use your own culture as the standard by which to judge and evaluate other cultures.In other words, taking an ethnocentric point of view means using your understanding of your own culture to gauge what is ‘normal.’

This can lead to biases and a tendency to view cultural differences as abnormal or in a negative light. It can also make it difficult to see how your own cultural background influences your behaviors.Furthermore, ethnocentrism can be seen as viewing one’s own group more positively than others and judging another group, including perceiving other groups as inferior and less valuable. It also refers to having prejudicial attitudes towards other ethnic groups (Byrne& Kelly 1981).

How does one’s own cultural background influence behavior?

In addition, ethnocentrism is caused by an in-group member’s desire to protect and enhance his/her group identity. Having this in mind, there are some positive aspect of ethnocentrism these are; ethnocentrism makes individuals have a strong national pride, it creates a feeling of belonging, and it allows people to keep old traditions and practices alive. According to Jun (2010) being proud of one’s own country will not lead to ethnocentrism if holistic thinking is the dominant thinking pattern of that country/ individual.

Therefore, in the film Jodhaa Akbar, Jodhaa displayed an attitude of ethnocentrism where she demands a meeting with Akbar and gave him two conditions before she will agree to the marriage rite. Thus, the demands were as follows: not to have her religion changed after marriage and that a temple be built for her to continue her faith in her room/ palace.

Furthermore, this concept of ethnocentrism impacts Jodhaa socially that she is not able to relate freely or socialize with other women outside the palace because she is blinded by her own self-righteousness. According to Gudykunst & Kim, (2002); Lukens, (1978) states that a higher degree of ethnocentrism also creates social distance in interaction among people from different cultures, which makes cross-cultural communication dysfunctional.

In addition, the concept of ethnocentrism impacts Jodhaa emotionally because according to Lin and Rancer (2003) implies that ethnocentrism might potentially bring about positive outcomes such as patriotism and willingness to sacrifice for one’s own group, its negative consequences are obvious in intercultural communication because individuals with a high-level of ethnocentrism tend to misperceive people from other groups and misinterpret their behaviors. Similarly, the concept ethnocentrism impacts Jodhaa psychologically by affecting her thinking pattern. This made Jodhaa instead of her to have a holistic thinking pattern; rather had more of the inappropriate thinking style where she sees her own religion as the most sacred.

Adopting a holistic way of thinking

Correspondingly, as a clinician what I will do to help address my client issue is to transcend ethnocentrism by deconstructing inappropriate hierarchical and dichotomous thinking styles/patterns and adopt a holistic thinking style according to Jun (2010) she mentions that, adopting a holistic thinking style can be accomplished by deconstructing dichotomous, hierarchical, linear thinking, and generalizations through transformative learning.

Transformative learning occurs by integrating emotion, which is culture specific.Also, one of the valuable tools for facilitating transformative learning is an analysis of individuals’ defense mechanisms. Interestingly, individuals use defense mechanisms to cope with their stress and anxiety. Moreover, using this method on my client will help bring life changing behaviors because it requires active client involvement, deep-level processing, and reflection (Jun 2010).

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