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Socrates Essays

Socrates: “the Unexamined Life Is Not Worth Living”

Socrates was the son of common Athenians. His father was a stone-mason/ sculptor, his mother a midwife. Socrates was also a stone-mason by trade and was to follow in his father’s footsteps. It was still yet unknown to Socrates in his early years that his ‘career’ would be that of a philosopher. It is said …

Death of Socrates Painting by Jacques-Louis David

In my research paper I analyze the historical picture “The Death of Socrates” (Oil on Canvas, 51” х771/4 1787, Metropolitan Museum of Art), painted by the French painter neo-classicist Jacques-Louis David. My work involves a close examination of that particular painting.

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Plato’s Socrates and Sophocle’s Antigone – Similarities

The ancient Greek societies had a strong corrective method to maintain order. Authorities had to maintain a self-survival attitude, which consisted of putting away those few that could challenge their power and create chaos. Both Antigone of Sophocles and Socrates of Plato are examples of threat to the socio-political order or their respective societies. Antigone …

The Duties to the State According to Socrates: Obedience and Installation of Justice

The Duties to the State According to Socrates: Obedience and Installation of Justice The first obligation of the man to the state is this- obedience. Socrates through several dialogues of Plato has made this both implicit and explicit. For instance, in the Crito, Socrates says, “The just man must always obey what the city commands …

Defense of Socrates

Plato’s “Defense of Socrates” follows the trial of Socrates for charges of corruption of the youth. His accuser, Meletus, claims he is doing so by teaching the youth of Athens of a separate spirituality from that which was widely accepted. Socrates’ argument was unique in that he tried to convince the jury he was just …

Socrates and Galileo: victims of authoritarinism

Socrates and galileo: victims of authoritarinism The emergence of scientific thought as a challenge to other forms of established thinking was the result of its rationalization by Francis Bacon followed by Galileo generally around the same time in the 17th Century. Galileo was vocal in his condemnation of ideas not based on observation of reality. …

A Take on the Pericles’ and Socrates’ Views on Athenian Society

Athens is a major Greek city-state in European history. It was a great center of cultural and intellectual development, and thus home to philosophers. Socrates and Pericles, two of these philosophers, had polarizing opinions about the city-state and its citizens. While Pericles chooses to praise the Athenian citizen, Socrates criticizes Athens’ people. Pericles gave his …

Crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ and Socrates

This essay states the comparisons of the death and crucifixion of Jesus Christ Socrates. The crucifixion of Jesus Christ is an event that occurred during the 1st century AD. Jesus, whom Christians believe to be the Son of God as well as the Messiah, was arrested, tried, and sentenced by Pontius Pilate to be scourged, …

Socrates: Innocent Or Guilty

Living in a democracy, everyone is exposed through television and other various forms of media everyday to numerous trials by jury. Usually they are rarely given a second thought, but every once in a while along comes a specific trial which captures the attention of the entire country. This goes the same for trials throughout …

Apology: Socrates’ Stance on Death and Wickedness

Apology: Socrates’ Stance on Death and Wickedness It would only be expected for an individual to naturally attempt to escape from death if given the chance. In a similar sense, it would only be appropriate to assume that individuals would have an innate tendency to refrain from wicked acts as much as possible. However, despite …

Socrates Choice in His Work “Crito”

Socrates was an ancient Greek philosopher who was accused of impiety and corrupting the youth of Athens. His sentence was death, byway of drinking poison. However, prior to his execution day, a friend, Crito, offered Socrates an opportunity to flee Athens, and evade his death sentence. Socrates refused to run away, and he justified his …

Socrates Short Essay

Socrates, as known by Renault, was a beautiful creature. Not physically beautiful, but internally and fundamentally beautiful. It was he who said: When you assume the show of any virtue, you open a credit account, which one day you will have to meet or go broke (pp. 398). According to Renault, Socrates taught children free …

Plato and Socrates Anthology

Socrates Anthology and Plato Plato: I: Apology 1. What are the charges brought against Socrates by his Athenian accusers and what is his reply concerning the sort of wisdom he in fact possesses? The charges that were brought against Socrates were corrupting the young and Impiety. Socrates says “If you ask me what kind of …

Noble Lie or the Myth of the Metals

People are always talking about the white lie and how this kind of lying doesn’t hurt other people. Other people feel that any lie is one that should not be made. No matter what individuals have to say about lies, Socrates feels that it is necessary to create a noble lie so that his vision …

Comparing Socrates and Jesus

Comparing Socrates and Jesus  Socrates             Socrates, a Greek Philosopher, believed in virtue, that there was right way fro men to act. He spent his life seeking knowledge of what is right, as determined by means of dialogue (conversation between two or more persons), which he engaged in for the purpose arriving at a truth. …

Were the Accusations against Socrates Justified?

Abstract Socrates was a martyr. He died on account of the belief that he embraced. But history no less attests to his innocence. It was known that Socrates was accused of three crimes: impiety, contempt for the gods and corrupting the minds of the Athenian youth. Yet in a careful analysis, the accusations are said …

Was Socrates Wise?

Socrates, an Athenian philosopher who lived from 469 BC until his very unnecessary death in 399 BC, has had his wisdom called into question many times since he has been studied. But to know whether some is wise, we must first know what it means to be wise. According to Websters Dictionary, to be is …

Socrates Defines Justice

Socrates attempts to define the true meaning of justice by critiquing the ideas of other philosophers. In book 1 of Plato’s Republic the debate among Socrates and his colleagues begins with Cephalus, who first defines justice as simply being honest and repaying one’s debts. Cephalus is a wealthy, elderly man who acquired much of his …

Socrates Worldview

Origin This question focuses on why there is something rather than nothing. Socrates uses the theory of recollection as evidence to prove his theory of creation. This theory of creation introduces that our souls have an existence before this earthly life. Socrates believes that, “…the living have come from the dead no less than the …

The Apology of Socrates

The Apology of Socrates             In the broadest context tradition can hold, the works of Socrates doubtlessly laid the key concepts of the western philosophical spectrum.  However, the acclaimed philosophers’ defense against accusations thrown at him simply entitled Apology, links the otherwise separated domains of literature and philosophy.  Apology begins with Socrates’ message of intent …

Piety VS Impiety (Euthyphro & Socrates)

What is piety and impiety? This broad question is exactly what Euthyphro and Socrates debate about the true meaning of these two words. When society hears the word piety, they think of worship for God or religious fulfillment of sacred obligations. However, when Socrates attends the king’s court on charges of impiety by Meletus, he …

Socrates and Civil Disobedience

Socrates has been accused of corrupting the youth by Meletus and has been sentenced to death. He has thoroughly justified his own decision to obey the opinions of the majority and serve out the sentence that his own city has deemed appropriate for his crimes. At the beginning of this piece, Socrates has presented a …

Jesus Against Socrates

Socrates, known as the famous Greek philosopher and one of the wisest people around, was looked at as being a very strong willed and “stand-by-his-opinion” kind of man. Jesus, on the other hand, was a man who went through his life not by blatantly expressing and sharing his wisdom, but by making his “students” think …

Plato’s Socrates and Aristotle on the Soul

(384 BC – 322 BC) was a philosopher, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. He wrote on many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, politics, government, ethics, biology and zoology. Together with Plato and Socrates (Plato’s teacher), Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures of Western …

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