The Holocaust in World War II, the Rwandan genocide and Stalin’s forced famine violated human rights. Human rights are natural rights that let you live an average life in society like everybody else in the world. These tragic events stripped people of their very basic right to life.
Genocide is the deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group. The Holocaust began on June 25, 1941. It was the murder of six million Jews in Germany by the Nazi’s. The Holocaust ended on May 8, 1945.
The Rwanda genocide began on April 7, 1994 where 800,000 Tutsi’s were killed by Hutu’s.The Rwanda genocide ended in July, 1994. Stalin’s forced famine began in 1932 where the entire kulak class was destroyed. Stalin’s forced famine ended in 1933.
The Holocaust was a time in history where darkness had occurred. During the next six years of the Holocaust, the Nazi’s undertook an “Aryanization of Germany dismissing now-Germans from civil service, liquidating Jewish owned businesses and stripping Jewish lawyers and doctors of their clients. ” Huge Nazi rallies and acts such as the public burning of books by Jews, Communists, Liberals, and foreigners helped show the message of party strength (all about the Holocaust, 1).Starting in 1941, Jews from all over Germany, and hundreds of thousands of gypsies, were transported to polish ghettoes (all about the Holocaust, 2).
Beginning in late 1941, the Germans began transport from the ghettoes to the concentration camps starting with the sick, old, weak, and the young who were viewed as the least useful During the summer of 1944, a large proportion of Hungary’s Jewish population was deported to Auschwitz, and as many as twelve thousand Jews were killed every day.At Auschwitz alone more than two million people were killed. A large population of Jews were killed in the Gas chambers and thousands of others died of starvation or disease (all about the Holocaust, 3). Hitler blamed World War I on “international Jewry and its helpers” and urged the German leaders and people to follow “the strict observance of the racial laws and with merciless resistance against the universal poisoners of all peoples”- the Jews (all about the Holocaut.
4) The Rwanda Genocide was the mass murder of 800,000 Tutsi’s by the Hutu’s.On April 6th while returning from a meeting in Tanzania, a small jet carrying two presidents one of them president Habyarimana the first popularly elected Hutu president of Burundi, was shot down by ground-fired missiles. Immediately after Rwanda went into political violence as Hutu’s began targeting people on their death lists such as Hutu politicians and Tutsi’s (Genocide in the 20th Century: Rwanda 1994, 1). By mid-may, an estimated five hundred thousand Tutsi’s had been slaughtered.
Bodies were commonly seen flowing down the Kiagra River into Lake Victoria.In some villages, soldiers forced Hutu’s to kill their Tutsi neighbors or face death for themselves and their families. They also forced Tutsi’s to kill members of their own families. Many Tutsi’s took refuge in churches and mission compounds.
These places became scenes of some of the worst massacres. Hospitals had become main targets as wounded survivors were sought out then killed. Among the peace keepers were ten soldiers from Belgium who were captured by the Hutu’s and tortured and killed resulting in, the U. S.
, France, Belgium, and Italy evacuating their own personnel from Rwanda.No effort was made to evacuate the Tutsi’s or Hutu moderates. Instead they were left behind, at the mercy of the Hutu’s (Genocide in the 20th century: Rwanda 1994, 1). The killings had ended after armed Tutsi’s invaded neighboring countries, and managed to defeat the Hutu’s and stop the Genocide in July of 1994(Genocide in the 20th century: Rwanda 1994, 3).
the Rwanda Genocide was similar to the Holocaust in many ways. All people in Rwanda carried identification cards specifying their ethnic background. The cards now meant the difference between life and death in Rwanda (Genocide in the 20th century: Rwanda 1994, 1).Starting in September 1941, every person designated as a Jew in Germany held territory was marked with the yellow star of David, making them open targets to the Nazi’s.
(all about the Holocaust,2). Both the Rwanda Genocide and the Holocaust had massive killings in order to get rid of a race to make their country safer. Stalin’s forced famine was the elimination of everyone who sought independence. Stalin believed any future problem would be led by the Kulaks, thus he proclaimed a policy aimed at “ liquidating the Kulaks as a class” ( Genocide in the 20th century : Stalin’s forced famine 1932-33, 2).
The people simply refused to become cogs in the soviet farm machine and remained determined to return to their normal lifestyle some had refused to work at all, leaving crops to rot in fields. In Moscow , Stalin responded by starting a policy that would cause mass starvation and death of millions. Ukrainian communists appealed to Moscow for a reduction in grain and asked for emergency food aid. Stalin responded by sealing off the borders of Ukraine, preventing food from entering, which caused the country to turn into a gigantic concentration camp.
Anyone caught stealing state property would be shot or imprisoned.Mothers in the countryside sometimes tossed their children into passing railroad cars traveling toward cities in hope of someone there helping them. but in the cities, children and adults who had fled there from the countryside were dropping dead in the streets, with their bodies carried away in wagons to be dumped in large graves ( Genocide in the 20th century: Stalin’s forced famine 1932-33, 3). Anyone claiming that there was in fact a famine was accused of starting ant-soviet actions.
Inside the soviet union, people could be arrested for using the word ‘famine’ ‘hunger’ or ‘starvation’ in a sentence.Journalist were warned they would be shut out of the trial completely if they wrote news stories about the famine. Outside of the soviet union government of the west adopted a passive attitude towards the famine, although most of them were already aware of the suffering in the Ukraine through confidential diplomatic channels ( Genocide in the 20th century: Stalin’s forced famine 1932-33, 4). By the end of 1933, nearly twenty five percent of the population of Ukraine, including three million children, had died.
The Kulaks as a class were destroyed and an entire nation of farmers had been laid low.Hitler’s troops, like all previous invaders, arrived in Ukraine to destroy Europe and simply replace one reign of terror with another ( Genocide in the 20th century: Stalin’s forced famine 1932-33, 5). Stalin’s forced famine was similar to the Holocaust in many ways. Declared “ enemies of the people” the kulaks were left homeless and without a single possession because everything was taken from them, including their pots and pans.
It was also forbidden by law for anyone to help dispossessed Kulak families ( Genocide in the 20th century: Stalin’s forced famine: 1932-33).Germany police forced tens of thousands of polish Jews from their homes and into ghettoes, giving their confiscated properties to ethnic Germans ( non Jewish people outside of Germany who were identified as Germans), Germans from Reich or polish gentiles ( all about the Holocaust, 2). In both Stalin’s forced Famine and the Holocaust many people had been killed in order to keep their country safe. The population rate went down which meant a lot of people were out of work.
There was no world reaction to the Holocaust, most countries agreed with Adolf Hitler saying that the Jewish people were a problem.England, Belgium, the U. S. , France, and Italy were peace keepers helping the Tutsi’s.
later on Tutsi’s and Hutu’s were evacuated from Rwanda with the help of other countries. The world reaction to Stalin’s forced Famine was Franklin D. Roosevelt, chose to recognize Stalin’s Communist government and negotiate a sweeping new trade agreement. The Holocaust, Rwanda Genocide and Stalin’s forced famine violated Human rights.
They all also murdered many people because they thought they were the cause of their failures. The Holocaust, Rwanda Genocide, and Stalin’s forced famine left countries in devastation.