Level 2 Certificate in Equality and Diversity Unit 1: Exploring Equality and Diversity Assessment You should use this file to complete your Assessment. • The first thing you need to do is save a copy of this document, either onto your computer or a disk • Then work through your Assessment, remembering to save your work regularly • When you’ve finished, print out a copy to keep for reference • Then, go to www. vision2learn. com and send your completed Assessment to your tutor via your My Study area – make sure it is clearly marked with your name, the course title and the Unit and Assessment number.
Name: Sharon Esmerguzeli 1. What is meant by diversity? Diversity means difference or varied. It acknowledges that people have similarities or things in common with each other, and also that there are unique differences between us. The ethos of diversity is recognising and valuing difference 2. Describe the community you live in. Highlight some of the variations you may observe in terms of: • Interests • Beliefs • Ages • Lifestyles • Personal, social and cultural identities.
The community in which I live is culturally diverse. There is a large Muslim community and Mosques which serve the community.
Also there are Baptist and United Reform churches. There are a number of parks which are filled with young families during warm summer days in particular. There is also a local youth football team which has been supported by the local community when its pitch was at risk from developers wanting to build a large supermarket on the site. You can find a number of restaurants and takeaways, from family pubs with children’s play area’s to, Chinese, chip shops, pizza and halal restaurants and takeaways. Every Christmas Santa’s sleigh visits courtesy of the local charity groups the scouts and guides.
A number of grandparents can be seen caring for grandchildren indicating a large number of working parents in the area. This could also be an indication of people living in extended families. Though is no community centre as such, there are however a number of local centres offering coursing in improving English and maths, child care, martial arts. There further provide stay and play groups. 3. Explain how the variations in question 2 contribute to the diversity of the community. A large working community means there is a varied skills based.
It provides a variety shops and services, allowing access to hair care products and foods stuff from around the world. There is further the opportunity to learn about other cultures, their values and beliefs, which widen your knowledge of the world. It further highlights the differences within families of the same or similar cultural dispelling a number of stereotypes that you may have or be aware of through the media for example. Being able to access things that or specific to your own culture or religion within your community can make you feel more part of your community.
It further lends to the opportunity to develop new skills which can further enhance you as an individual and also contribute to the further development of skills and opportunities within the community. 4. Give some examples to explain how diversity: • Enhances your life • Enhances the local community • Enhances this country. • My life has been enriched by friends from different cultural and religious backgrounds in terms of the importance of their family and community and how this has indeed enhanced their life and made for a stronger individual, family and therefore community.
Learning about religious practices from an individual or families perspective has given me more respect for religions which I may have thought previously were restrictive and indeed valued men over women, highlighting differences in culture and religion and how the two can be blended into one. Diversity has introduced me to food and spices from across the globe, and in fact it opened up the world of travel for me, giving me the desire to travel and experience different cultures within different countries. It has basically given me more respect for people as a whole. The local community is enhanced by the range of goods and services available. It provides new experiences and widens the scope of opportunities available. Communities are strengthened by the widening range of skills and abilities diversity brings. Diversity further gives an opportunity to learn from and about others, providing knowledge and understanding about difference and enhancing respect of self and others. • Diversity has brought skills to this country. A number of immigrants from the West Indies worked for the NHS as health care assistance [as they are now called] and indeed nurses.
Transport was also supported by immigrants working as bus drivers and conductors for example. This is still evident today. What and how we eat has also been enhanced. Curry, Chinese, fried chicken and fish have all being introduced from overseas. Going further back in history, in the 18th and 19th centuries Irish labourers worked on the construction of roads, canals and railways. Hence diversity has enhanced the very infrastructure of England. 5. Describe what it means to respect people’s differences and why it is important to respect differences.
One definition of respect is a ‘willingness to show consideration or appreciation’ [Freedictionaryonline. com. ] Respecting differences is therefore appreciating that people are different, not necessarily agreeing with the differing values or beliefs of other, but showing consideration for the fact that they have the right to hold those beliefs or values just as you have the right to hold your own. In essence appreciating that we are all different. It is important to respect difference as this leads to a more tolerant society. When differences are not respected it can lead to bullying, racism and violence, for example.
Hence respecting difference can lead to less conflict and therefore a more peaceful existence for us all. In respecting difference we are allowing ourselves to be different as well as others, enriching our society. 6. For a person you know, describe the individual factors that make him / her who they are. Name: Jordan |Defining factors |Brief description | |Physical characteristics |Asian male. 5’6. Slender build. Short black hair.
Brown eyes. | | |Dark complexion. | | | | | | | | | | |Emotions |Generally happy outgoing and fun loving. Hard exterior i. e. oes | | |not show feelings in public. Caring loyal. | | | | | | | | | | |Likes and dislikes |Likes cars and music.
Eating out computer games. Hanging out with | | |friends. | | |Dislikes extroverted attention seekers | | |Violence, spiders. | | | | |Values and beliefs |Men should be emotionally strong. | |Family is central to everything and makes you who you are | | |Life is for living | | |Work hard and provide for your family | | | | . Describe yourself in terms of: • Personal interests • Religion / culture • Geography. I like to read particularly horrors and thrillers. Eating out and socialising with friend is also something I enjoy. Listening music helps me to relax and get through though horrible household chores. I have recently rediscover my passion for baking and cooking so making cakes, biscuits and brownies with the kids is a real treat! I do not follow a particular religion, I just believe in treating people as you would like to be treated.
I am black Caribbean with my mother being born in Jamaica and my father Barbados. I was born and bred in Birmingham where I still live now. 8. What is meant by having multiple identities? Give three examples in relation to people you know. Multiple identities are the various identities that we have, they can also be seen as differing roles we have within our lives. Example 1: Colin is my oldest brother and head of the family as our parents live abroad. He is uncle to my two children whom he spoils as such and father to two adult sons.
Example 2: Janet is a counsellor providing emotional support and guidance to vulnerable young people. She is a colleague to the fellow employees within the college, and best friend to Stacey whom she has known for 30yrs. Example 3: Wanda is the stay at home mother of 1yr old twin girls, and wife to Dan whom she has been married to for 5yrs. She is also the daughter of Doris who lives with her and supports her in caring for the children and home. 9. What is meant by shared identity? Shared identity is characteristics we have in common with others, for example likes and dislikes, culture or religion. 0. Explain and give examples of how an individual can identify themselves as belonging to a number of different groups. We can identify ourselves as belonging to different groups in terms of our personal appearance. For example a Rastafarian will grow their hair into locks, and some Muslim women will wear a Hijab. Some groups that we belong to are clearly visible, for example our race, or gender. Attending a place of worship will indicate the religious group you belong to. Furthermore joining a group of likeminded people, for example Green peace.
Also the way we speak, regional accents are an indication of the community we belong to. 11. Describe yourself in terms of your multiple identities. I love to eat out with friends and just have a laugh really. After working as a social worker for 11yrs I am now a stay at home mum to my two children. I do however miss working with people and making a positive difference to the lives of children, so I now volunteer within my local community supporting parents with children under the age of five.
Family is important to me and I love having family get together, inviting my siblings, nephews and nieces over for any or no reason at all. 12. What is meant by stereotyping and labelling? Stereotyping describes the process of taking a simplified and/or exaggerated view of something or someone (or a group of people), based on the most common characteristics typically associated with them (Woodward, 2004) Labelling involves applying a ‘label’ (often judgemental or negative in nature) to a group of people, and is closely connected with stereotyping. (Clements and Jones 2007).
Stereotypes are not based on facts or objective truth; this can lead to people being given, inaccurate labels which can have negative consequences, i. e. discrimination. 13. Explain why some people stereotype others. People can stereotype others to feel part of a group, or fit in with peers. It could also be learnt behaviour, i. e. growing up in an environment where you hear statements made as fact and you take these on board as such. It is also a way of simplifying our world as it reduces the amount of thinking we have to do when meeting a new person.
Stereotyping also enables us to make social comparison, i. e. making comparison between yourself and others. 14. Provide two examples of the damaging effects that stereotyping and labelling can have on people. As stereotyping and labelling are not based on fact, and often highlight one negative characteristic of a person or group, decision made are done so with limited or inaccurate information. These limited and often negative views can lead to segregation i. e. eople choosing not to associate with certain individuals or groups, living and working in within communities which mirror your own social, cultural background. This lack of knowledge and understanding of others can lead to mistrust and fear. Accepting labels and stereotypes can lead to become self-fulfilling. For example if young people are labelled as violent trouble makers and treated as such, some may feel as though they are not part of their community and behave in the manner in which they are expected to. 15.
Provide at least two examples of the way stereotyping is perpetuated in society. If you are raised in a family with strongly held stereotypes it is likely that you will share those view such views can therefore be passed from generation to generation. Some stereotypes are also perpetuated by the media. For example news stories about groups of youths in hoodies terrorising communities. 16. Define prejudice and discrimination. Prejudice means to pre judge. It is an adverse preconceived judgement or opinion formed without knowledge or examination of the facts.
Discrimination is the unfair treatment of a person or group usually based on prejudice, i. e. sexual discrimination. 17. Explain how people may develop prejudices. Social learning theory suggests that prejudice is learnt through association (children may learn to associate a particular group with poverty or violence for example) reinforcement (prejudices regularly presented as fact and not challenged and modelling (learning from family and friends. In these circumstances if a child has no other point of reference they will accept prejudice as fact without question.
Some people develop prejudice due to a powerful experience and then makes generalisations based on that experience,(over generalisation) For example a victim of violence perpetrated by a Muslim man may lead the victim to view all Muslim men as violent. 18. Describe the following types of discrimination. |Type of discrimination |Description | |Dual discrimination |Discrimination based on a combination of two protected | | |characteristic.
E. g. sexual and racial. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |Multiple discrimination |Discrimination based on more than one characteristic, e. g.
Age, | | |disability, | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |Positive discrimination |The provision of special opportunities or advantage for a | | |disadvantaged group. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |Discrimination arising out of disability |Treating someone less favourable because of something connected to | | |their disability. For example access to buildings. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |Discrimination by association |Discrimination is about a person someone else is detrimentally | | |treated because of it. (Showboat entertainment v Owen 1984) a white | | |manager was sacked for refusing to carry out an instruction from his| | |employers not let “young blacks” into the amusement arcade. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 19. What is meant by the term protected characteristics? Protected characteristics are the grounds where by discrimination is unlawful. These are defined under the Equality Act 2010 as, age, disability, gender reassignment marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion and belief, sex and sexual orientation. 20. What is the difference between direct and indirect discrimination? Give two examples to illustrate your point.
Direct discrimination is when a person is deliberately treated less favourably due to a protected characteristic, whereas indirect is when everything appears to be equal and fair for all but disadvantages someone due to a protected characteristic. An example of direct discrimination is refusing accommodation to same sex couple. Indirect discrimination would be where a person who is blind attempted to purchase something, the website was inaccessible and they were told they were unable to purchase the item over the phone. This person is being disadvantaged due to their disability. 21. Describe the effects that discrimination and prejudice can have on people. Discrimination and prejudice can affect people in a number of ways.
It can have a detrimental effect on the physical emotional and personal wellbeing of an individual or group of people. Throughout history people have being subjected to violence and death due to discrimination, for example the Jews in Nazi Germany. People have also been imprisoned due to discrimination, as it was not really that long ago when homosexuality was a criminal offence. Discrimination divides communities and causes conflict; this can lead to a society being built on hatred. It can cause people to retreat into groups of likeminded / similar souls where interaction between those who are different from you do not occur. People who are discriminated against can suffer from mental illness such as depression. They may internalise their reatment and begin thinking that they are in fact deserving of such negativity and abuse. It can lead to low self-esteem and confidence resulting in the victim being a less productive member of society. Finally discrimination denies people their rights. The suffragettes fought for the right for women to vote. People can be denied jobs and accommodation due to disability or race, and currently same sex couples can not marry in church. 22. Describe what equal opportunities means in relation to: • Education • Housing • Healthcare • Employment. To have an equal opportunity means to have equal access to the things that influence your quality of life. • Education.
Providing equal access to the learning experience, it does not mean that everyone gets the same education it means that people are not denied an education. • Housing. Access to housing, whether public, social or private, should not be restricted based on protected characteristics. • Healthcare. Providers of health and social care do not refuse to help someone due to a protected characteristic. Also treatment must be prioritised on the basis of medical condition, which should result in an equal opportunity to receive appropriate medical care. • Employment. All employees have the right to be treated equally in relation to all aspect of the job from the recruitment and selection process to promotion and benefits and pay. 23.
Outline the inequality problems that persist in terms of pay for men and women. The inequality in pay between men and women stems back to the historical role of women as care givers, and the notion that “the woman’s place is in the home. ” Women’s work can also be undervalued, for example the caring and emotionally demanding jobs typically done by women can be overlooked, furthermore the jobs associated with the female work force are lower paid, for example nursing, childcare clerical. A report by the Women and work commission 2009, found that the pay gap was 22. 6%. The report felt that women were not being encouraged to peruse non-traditional jobs.
Another issue is that of flexibility in the work place and child care, as women do the majority of unpaid child care they can find it hard to balance work and family commitments. Further women’s pay and career is interrupted by pregnancy and it is difficult for her to redress the balance. 24. Identify and briefly describe two other signs of inequality. Health inequalities are preventable differences in the health outcomes for individuals or groups. They can stem from differences in social and economic conditions. For example The London Health Observatory reported that in 2008 8% of babies born to a father with a manual social back ground had a low birth rate, compared to 6. 5% of those born to a father with a non-manual background.
The World Health Organisation states that to overcome health inequalities action needs to be taken in terms of “the circumstances in which people are born, grow up, live work and age”. There are also inequalities when it comes to disability, as disabled people do not always have the same opportunities and choices as someone without a disability. Making Diversity and Equality a reality [Audit Commission 2006] found that a lot of social housing is inaccessible for people with mobility difficulties, it also found that disabled people travel one-third less often than people without a disability, due to difficulties in physically accessing buses and trains. Once you have completed this Assessment, go to www. vision2learn. com and send your work to your tutor for marking.
Cite this Ncfe Level 2 Equality and Diversity
Ncfe Level 2 Equality and Diversity. (2016, Sep 18). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/ncfe-level-2-equality-and-diversity/