The American Civil War was the result of a number of factors, including the extension of slavery into new territories, and the differences in the economy between the North and South.
The Civil War began with an attack on Fort Sumter, in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina by Confederate forces.
In North America, there were two main regions: the North and the South. The North was made up of 13 states and was largely industrialized with factories and railroads. The southern states had only nine states and their economy relied heavily on agriculture, especially cotton production for export to Europe. This made them more dependent on slavery than the northern states were.
The election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 led to the southern states declaring their secession from the United States. The South felt that Lincoln would end slavery, which they considered an immoral institution.
The southern states were upset that they were losing power in Congress, while they were not getting their fair share of representation. They were also angry that they had lost their ability to expand slavery into new territories, as promised by the Missouri Compromise.
The South believed that a strong central government would infringe upon their rights as individual states, especially since many people at this time believed in state’s rights over national rights.