Oedipus Rex is also known as Oedipus the King or Oedipus Tyrannus (Greek: Οἰδίπους Τυραννός). The Greek original was written by Sophocles between 441 and 438 BC. It was first performed at the City Dionysia festival in Athens in 429 BC, where it won first prize.
The story concerns Oedipus, King of Thebes, who unknowingly kills his father and marries his mother, resulting in two sons, Eteocles and Polynices.
In Greek mythology, Oedipus was the son of King Laius and Queen Jocasta of Thebes. When he was born, an oracle told Laius that his newborn son would grow up to kill him. To avoid this fate, Laius ordered one of his servants to kill the infant Oedipus. The servant instead left him at Mount Cithaeron where he was found and raised by King Polybus and Queen Merope of Corinth.
The plot of Oedipus Rex is based on the Theban Cycle of myths, which were a series of stories related to the city of Thebes. The story was popularized by Homer and Hesiod, who told their own versions of it in their poems. Other writers also wrote about Oedipus Rex, including Euripides and Aeschylus.
Oedipus Rex has been adapted into many different forms over the years, including plays, operas and movies. It has also been translated into other languages so that people all over the world can read it in their own languages if they choose to do so.
Many people consider Oedipus Rex to be one of the greatest plays ever written because it is both entertaining as well as thought provoking. It also allows readers/viewers to think about complex issues such