Abstract art is a genre of art that does not depict identifiable objects. In Western art, abstract art covers a wide range of styles and media, including conceptually based work, while in Eastern art it usually refers to paintings of landscapes or nature. It is often created without the intention of representing or imitating an object in the natural world.
There are many different types of abstract art, such as non-representational and conceptual art, which is based on concepts rather than imitating real life.
Abstract art has been defined as “the search for basic human values through the abstractness of form and color.” It exists in many different styles, including cubism, futurism, surrealism, and expressionism. The term “abstract” was first used by Edgar Degas (1834–1917) when he referred to his paintings as ‘des abstraites’ (the abstract).
Abstract art may include geometric shapes such as circles or triangles; lines; dots; or splashes of color on a white background.
There are many examples of abstract artists: Wassily Kandinsky (1866–1944), Piet Mondrian (1872–1944), Kazimir Malevich (1878–1935), Paul Klee (1879–1940), Joan Miro (1893–1983) and Mark Rothko (1903–1970).
Abstract art may be an attempt to communicate something beyond what is immediately visible.
In addition to being beautiful, abstract art can also be powerful and evocative. It can evoke memories, emotions, ideas, feelings and desires in its audience through use of color, shape and line. Abstract art is often difficult to understand at first glance but can become more understandable with time and experience.