George Orwell wrote 1984 in 1948. The novel is set in a future world where society is controlled by a totalitarian government. The government controls everything in the lives of the citizens, including their thoughts and actions. Citizens are kept in line through fear, propaganda, and surveillance. Individuality and freedom are discouraged, and conformity is encouraged. The government controls the media and uses it to spread propaganda. The government also controls the economy and controls what people can and cannot buy. People live in a state of constant fear, and violence is a common occurrence. The novel describes the psychological effects of living in a totalitarian society.
The novel is an important work of political and social commentary that has influenced many other works of literature since its publication.