Friedrich Nietzsche was a German philosopher who wrote about the death of God and the problems of morality.
Nietzsche was born on October 15, 1844, in Röcken, Germany. His father died before he was born and his mother died when he was five years old. He grew up with his sister Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche (1846-1935) who became a famous German anti-Semitic philosopher. He went to school at Pforta and later studied classics and theology at Bonn University.
He became a professor of classical philology at Basel University in 1869 but resigned in 1879 due to ill health. Later she became mentally ill and died in an insane asylum on August 25, 1900, in Weimar, Germany.
Actually, Nietzsche was influenced by Schopenhauer and Wagner, but he developed his own unique style of writing. His most famous work was Thus Spake Zarathustra (1883-5), which included such aphorisms as “God is dead” and “Man is something to be surpassed”. Nietzsche also is best known for his concept of the Übermensch, or “superman.” He argued that humanity had to move beyond its moral values and find its own path to happiness. His other works include The Birth of Tragedy (1872), Beyond Good and Evil (1886), On the Genealogy of Morals (1887), Twilight of the Idols (1888) and Ecce Homo (1908).