Karl Marx was a multifaceted German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. His ideas have played a significant role in the development of Marxism and the Communist movement. In 1848, Marx published The Communist Manifesto, a seminal work that outlined his vision for a classless communist society. Marx was exiled from Germany and spent most of his life in London, where he continued to develop his ideas and wrote extensively on political economy, class struggle, and revolution.
Marx’s theories on class conflict and economic exploitation remain influential today. He believed that society was divided into two classes: the bourgeoisie, who owned the means of production, and the proletariat, who sold their labor to the bourgeoisie. Marx argued that the bourgeoisie exploited the proletariat and that this exploitation was the root of all social and economic problems. He believed that the only way to create a just society was to overthrow the bourgeoisie and establish a communist system in which the means of production were owned collectively.
Marx was born into a Jewish family in Trier, Germany, in 1818. He studied at the Universities of Bonn and Berlin, where he was influenced by the philosophy of G. W. F. Hegel. After the publication of The Communist Manifesto, Marx became increasingly involved in political activity, including founding the International Workingmen’s Association. Marx died in London in 1883, but his ideas have had a profound impact on politics, economics, and philosophy in the modern era.