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Questions about Software Engineering

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    The speed of the _____ influences how fast the processor can process data.
    Internal Clock
    An integrated circuit is a chip that can contain millions of transistors.
    True
    Which of the following is an example of a special-purpose input device?
    LED
    LCD
    OCR
    CRT
    OCR
    Speakers are always classified as _____ devices.
    Output
    Moore’s Law states that the number of transistors on a chip will double about every _____ months.
    24
    3D printers print on paper, but use a new laser technology to make images appear three dimensional.
    False
    The speed of a printer is measured in _____ per minute.
    Pages
    A gaming system takes advantage of _____ processors to power up its speed and performance.
    Multicore
    Using Moore’s Law, we can gauge how fast ____________ might be in the coming years
    Processors
    Software instructions are processed in the machine cycle of the processor.
    True
    Through the use of _____, pilots can simulate flights without ever leaving the ground.
    Virtual Reality
    A CPU component known as the _____ carries out the instructions used for mathematical and logical operations.
    ALU
    Optical computing and quantum computing are two new promising types of mobile processing technology.
    False
    _____ relies on voice input to respond with a computer-generated reply.
    Siri
    Video cards have their own _____.
    Memory
    The specifications of a computer usually include the speed of the _____ bus.
    Front Side
    All of the following sequences are stages of the machine cycle EXCEPT _________.
    fetch
    decode
    sort
    store
    Sort
    Display size for computer monitors is measured horizontally.
    False
    Output can be in the form of a vibration from your cell phone.
    True
    A mouse and a touch pad are examples of ____ devices
    Pointing
    A video card can be found inside the computer, plugged into the _____.
    Motherboard
    Transistors today are so small that over two billion can be stored on a surface the size of your thumbnail.
    True
    Monitor display size is measured _____.
    Diagonally
    Employees have been the driving force in making _____ the most popular hardware brand today.
    Apple
    A transistor is an electronic component that opens or closes a circuit.
    True
    A _____ display type uses polarization technologies to add depth and realism for the viewer.
    3D
    The iPad and other tablets take advantage of _____, allowing the user to use more than one finger to manipulate a display.
    Multi-touch
    The size and shape of the _____ influences what a system component may look like.
    Motherboard
    The _____ is housed in the CPU and temporarily stores frequently used data.
    Cache
    Automating data entry through the use of scanners improves accuracy and efficiency.
    True
    It is possible to use your smart phone as an output device to change the channels on your television.
    True
    Special-purpose input devices have greatly enhanced the gaming industry
    True
    Integrated circuits are also known as _____.
    Microchips
    One advantage of _____ printers is their ability to output realistic objects.
    3D
    The machine cycle and the system clock work together when processing instructions.
    True
    A motherboard can be found in almost all digital electronics devices.
    True
    An integrated circuit may hold thousands, millions, or even billions of _____.
    Transistors
    Processing is basically turning information into data.
    False
    The _____ plays an important role in transforming data into useful information.
    Processor
    The purpose of a video card is to manage all images sent to a computer’s display.
    True
    The _____ is the key active component in practically all modern electronics
    Transistors
    A computer offers specific _____ to connect peripherals such as keyboards or printers.
    Ports
    Adding a webcam to your computer for a video conference is considered expansion.
    True
    Two types of _____ are voice commands and marks on paper.
    Inputs
    ____________ systems utilize hundreds or thousands of CPU’s working together.
    Massive parallel processing
    Businesses rely on stored, machine-readable data to keep track of customers.
    True
    The _____ is a group of circuits that perform processing in a computer
    CPU
    Output that you can feel is called _____ output.
    Haptic
    A touch screen monitor can serve as both an input and an output device.
    True
    Resolution is measured by the physical size of your screen.
    False
    Large retail stores use _____ terminals to track purchases and inventory.
    POS
    _____ was invented to standardize computer interfaces around one type of connection.
    USB port
    A quad-core processor combines four CPU’s on one chip to share the workload and speed up processing.
    True
    Transistors control the flow of _____ by switching electrical pulses on and off.
    Electrons
    An all-in-one _____ combines functions such as faxing and scanning.
    Printer
    All of the following are common kinds of multicore processors EXCEPT _____.
    dual-core
    triple-core
    quad-core
    mega-core
    Mega-core
    A desktop calendar icon is an example of a(n) ____.
    Widget
    Productivity software controls the common hardware functionality on your computer.
    False
    Personal software is used to benefit an individual.
    True
    ____ software is any software designed for personal benefit, including home management, entertainment, and education.
    Personal
    Managing your calendar and emails can be easily accomplished through ____ software.
    Personal information management
    All application software can be divided into two categories: productivity and information management.
    False
    Which of the following is an example of a software suite?
    Windows 8
    Apache OpenOffice
    Linux
    MS Project
    Apache OpenOffice
    Business software is designed to make individuals and groups ____.
    Productive
    Microsoft Office is only available for Windows-based computers.
    False
    A ____ software package usually includes document production, numerical analysis, information management, and graphics.
    Productivity
    Software suites are one form of business software.
    True
    Google Docs is classified as ____ software, which allows users to share and edit a document in real time on the web.
    Collaborative
    Object-oriented programming languages are no longer used by software developers.
    False
    With the help of ____, less experienced programmers can develop applications for mobile devices such as the iPhone.
    SDKs
    System software assists computer hardware with the work it is designed to do.
    True
    Many programming languages require a ____ to create executable files.
    Compiler
    ____ development is the systematic process of transforming an idea into functional software.
    Software
    Each programming language has a particular ____— rules that guide how programming statements are constructed.
    syntax
    Both mobile computing and cloud computing have helped software applications evolve.
    True
    A(n) ____ is a set of instructions or statements to the computer.
    Computer Program
    The difference between a cell phone and a smart phone is its ____.
    Connection to the Internet
    Programmers create ____ and compilers turn it/them into ____.
    source code, object code
    Clicking or tapping on a(n) ____ file will start up a program.
    Executable
    Making changes to a software program after it has been released is referred to as the ____ stage of the development cycle.
    maintenance
    Some people worry that GPS capabilities on mobile devices could lead to privacy issues
    True
    There are ____ stages in the software development life cycle.
    Five
    An application programming interface (API) provides a set of tools for software development for a particular platform.
    True
    The use of logic, algorithms, and programming languages to create instructions for computer hardware is called normalizing.
    False
    A(n) ____ allows others besides the manufacturer to develop software to run on the system or device.
    API
    The Google Play store is very conservative about what it offers its users for phone apps.
    False
    All of the following are network operating systems EXCEPT ____.
    Linux
    Solaris
    Novell NetWare
    Windows Me
    Windows Me
    The Apple iPhone is a command-based user interface.
    False
    A(n) ____ operating system is required to perform a command within a certain time frame.
    real-time
    Linux is ____ software, which means users can manipulate the source code to customize their operating system to their needs.
    open-source
    A(n) ____ view of data is the way a user thinks about data.
    Logical
    When you combine a system’s hardware configuration and operating system, it is sometimes called the computer’s ____.
    Platform
    Embedded operating systems are hardwired into a computer component, such as ROM or flash memory, to control a ____ computer.
    special-purpose
    Through the use of ____, one physical server can run several server operating systems.
    Virtual services
    The main function of the operating system is to synchronize your computer with the Internet.
    False
    A cell phone’s ____ operating system is not released to users and developers.
    proprietary
    Windows XP is the first operating system to run seamlessly among different platforms such as desktops, smart phones, and tablets.
    False
    An advantage of ____ software is its ability to run more than one operating system on a computer.
    Virtual Machine (VM)
    An important task of the graphical user interface is to keep track of files stored on the hard drive
    False
    The purpose of the ____ is to store the boot process instructions for the computer to start up.
    BIOs
    Which of the following is NOT a feature found in the Linux operating system?
    proprietary software
    The boot process for a computer checks the system and loads the operating system into memory.
    True
    Which of the following uses the New Technology File System (NTFS) for organizing and managing files?
    Mac OS X
    Linux
    Windows 8
    UNIX
    Windows 8
    A unique feature of ____ is that users can easily add enhancements to the operating system
    Linux
    Embedded systems are typically required to perform a large variety of tasks.
    False
    Manipulating graphic images to perform a command has replaced the ____ user interface.
    Command-based
    Typing the word DEL on a prompt line to remove unwanted files on your computer is an example of using a ____ user interface.
    Command-base
    Security software is a common utility installed on your computer.
    True
    System software coordinates the activities of the hardware and assists the computer in functioning effectively.
    True
    Mac computers have a reputation of being more stable and secure than Microsoft Windows PCs.
    True
    Performing a system ____ utility rearranges your files on disk in an orderly fashion, resulting in faster access.
    Defragmentation
    The ____ operating system provides the technological foundation of the Mac OS X.
    UNIX
    A printer requires a ____ installed on the computer in order to operate.
    Device Driver
    Symbian, by Sun Microsystems, is the most popular version of the UNIX operating system for industries.
    False
    When a smart phone goes into ____ mode, pressing a button immediately turns it back on.
    Sleep
    An enhancement in Windows 8 includes the Metro user interface, which provides a new way to interact with apps.
    True
    Virtual machine software is most useful when connecting laptop computers.
    False
    An industrial operating system works with a large computer system requiring a(n) ____.
    Server
    ____ operating systems are lightweight operating systems designed for mobile devices such as smart phones and tablets.
    Mobile
    The Mac OS is known for having new versions named after ____.
    Cats
    An icon on your desktop is a component of a ____ interface.
    Graphical user
    Linux is a popular operating system with techies but not with home users due to its high cost.
    False
    Windows cleaners maintain the ____ for more effective system operation.
    registry
    The Apple iPhone gained popularity largely due to its open-source design, which led to the creation of many apps available for iOS.
    False

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