Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. Why did this difference in development occur? AP U. S history DBQ #2 8/28/12 The New England and the Chesapeake regions were both from English origin. However, they had completely different societies. Each settlement had different intension of why they wanted to settle in the new world. New England and Chesapeake colonies had political, economic and social differences.
The New England colonies consisted of puritans who wanted to purify the church because the Church in England was corrupt. They wanted a place where they could worship freely and work together to make a perfect society. New England consisted their government around religion. John Winthrop, A Model of Christian Charity quotes “God Almighty in his most holy and wise providence hath so disposed of the condition of mankind, in all times some must be rich, some poor,.. (Doc. A) This document shows their importance in god freedom and working together.
The Chesapeake colonies wanted to settle in the new world because they wanted to find gold and riches. In Document C it show the comparison in men and women. There were many more men than women because their only goal was to find gold. In Document B, it shows that in the New England colonies many families were wanting to settle in the new world.
For the Chesapeake colonies it was very hard for them because when they settled they did not plant any crops because they were to focused on finding gold so by the time winter came around they had no food which was called “The Starving Time” John smith in, history of Virginia quotes “Our ordinary was but meal and water so that this… little relieved our wants, whereby with the extremity of the bitter cold frost… more than half of us died. ” (Doc F. ) In the New England colonies they planted crops and one farm could feed a whole family.
The New England colonies had more freedom than the Chesapeake colonies. The Chesapeake colonies were ruled by the crown in England while the New England colonies had freedom to rule themselves. Stated in the Articles of Agreement, in Springfield, Massachusetts “do mutually agree to certain articles and order to be observed and kept by us and by our successor” (Doc D. ) The New England Colonies created and obeyed by their laws and orders. The Chesapeake colonies economically was very stable once they were settled.
They focused on large scale plantations such a tobacco, rice and indigo. Therefore, The Chesapeake had slaves to work their plantations. In Governor Berkeley and His Council on Their Inability to Defend Virginia Against a Dutch Attack, states “(Besides Negroes) as there are freemen to defend the shores and all out frontiers. ” (Doc G. ) This Document shows that they had many slave in the Chesapeake colonies. The New England colonies had more focus on small scale farming and manufacturing goods such as lumber, Shipbuilding and whaling.
They did not have many plantation colonies. The New England colonies did not use any slave labor. Education in the New England colonies was very important because reading the bible was part of their daily life. The New England colonies had the first public educational systems and had the highest literacy rate in the world at the time. These colonies were very socially stable because everyone worked to together to build their society. The New England colonies were very religious, John Winthrop Quotes, “We must consider that we shall be as a city upon a hill.
The eyes of all people are upon us,” (Doc A. ) This quote states that God and everyone is watching and they must strive to be a perfect society. Education in the Chesapeake colonies was not very important, the Chesapeake colonies had one of the lowest literacy rates. They were more focused on their plantations than on education. Nearly 75% of the people were indentured servants. Slavery led to an aristocratic atmosphere. The Chesapeake colonies rural environment made it very difficult to create schools and churches.
Their religion was established by the church of England. There were no puritans. The founding principles which each of the colonies were based upon their climate influences. Each of the colonies’ decisions, shaping colonies settled by Englishmen of the same ethnicity to be starkly different and distinct societies. These colonies were different because they had different reasons for settlement and had different beliefs and political freedoms. The only thing they had in common was that they both wanted change either for religious purposes or economic purposes.
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