Art Appreciation Ch. 6-8

Edger Degas drew a grid over his study of a dancer in order to make the drawing easier to
Copy
The ____are credited with the invention of paper around 105 C.E.
Chinese
The predecessor of the graphite pencil, especially popular during the Renaissance,is
metal point
The coloring material in virtually all drawing media is known as
pigment
_____ ________ is the most common of all drawing media
graphite pencil
In metal point ,lines are drawn with a silver _____ onto a surface coated with a preliminary coating of paint.
wire
Sol LeWitt’s Wall drawing #122 is an example of _____ art
Conceptual
The difference in the color and consistency of different types of crayons and pastels is due to the use of different
binders
The style used by George Seurat in Cafe’-concert is
pointillism
What part of the pen conveys the ink to the drawing surface?
nib
Leonardo da Vinci used drawings to explore ideas in……
All of these: art ,mathematics ,science ,and engineering
is/are among the materials besides paper that have provided support for drawings
All of These :Papyrus ,Cave Walls ,silk ,Fired clay
Because this 20th -century artist, ___ dated most of his drawings over the course of his lifetime, we have nearly a complete visual record of his mind at work
Picasso
In Shahiza Sikander’s 1 from 51 Ways of Looking ___ was used as the medium
graphite
A traditional metalpoint ground recipe calls for a mixture of
all of these: bone ash, glue, white pigment, water
Vonne Jacquette’s Three Mile Island, Night 1 uses the medium of
charcoal
The 20th century master of the fresco technique who created the work Mixtec Culture is
Diego Rivera
What is pigment in paint
powdered color
is an example of a nonaqueous medium
oil paint
The painting technique used in the first century in Egypt, Greece, and Rome that involves the use of wax is
encaustic
In buon fresco, or true fresco, pigment is mixed with water and applied to wet
plaster
After building a canvas and before painting it, a painter generally applies a coat of
primer
In fresco painting, a drawing called ___ is transferred to the prepared surface prior to applying the pigment
cartoon
Watercolor’s primary characteristic is its
transparency
two ancient painting media that are still in use today are
encaustic and fresco
in oil painting, linseed oil acts as a
binder
the first acclaimed artist to understand and exploit oil painting was
Jan van Eyck
One of the advantages of oil painting is that it dries very slowly. This allows for
all of these: a subtle blending of colors, the painting to be reworked indefinitely, the application of layers of pint on top of one another, an almost infinite range of consistencies
is watercolor that has been made opaque by adding inert white pigment to it
gouche
Pope Julius II employed which two Italian Renaissance artists to paint frescoes for him?
Michelangelo and Raphael
A nonaqueous paint is one that ___ in something other than water
dissolves
technically, tempera is paint in which the vehicle is in an
emulsion
Except in the case of ___, identical multiple impressions are printed to create editions in printmaking
monotype
In printmaking, where multiple images are made from the same original design, each individual print is called an
impression
If a print is numbered 4/100, it can be deciphered that there are ___ other prints in the edition
99
The printing technique invented by a German playwright in search of an inexpensive means of publishing his plays is
lithography
What are the four basic printmaking processes?
screen printing, relief, lithography, intaglio
Which is not four basic printmaking processes?
gouache
The earliest known printed book contains the earliest surviving woodcut image. The book was made in the 9th century C.E. in the country of
China
A rubber stamp creates what type of print
relief
Printing impressions on top of one another from separate blocks in order to achieve full-color woodcut prints requires careful alignment of the paper, known as
registration
What are the two main differences between prints and most other forms of art?
Prints are made using indirect process and this process results in multiples of the same image
One of the main differences between the intaglio and the relief printing processes is that with intaglio the ink ____ ___ the surface of the printing plate
lies below
The earliest-known woodcut was made in
China
What are the techniques of intaglio printing?
engraving, dry point, mezzotint, etching, aquatint, and photogravure
A good example of the use of aquatint in creating areas of unmodulated, translucent color is the print
Woman Bathing by Mary Cassatt
Which printing technique is especially capable of producing subtle shades of gray?
mezzotint
In printmaking, a plate or block will be cancelled so that no more ___ can be made from it
prints
The idea that a print is made from a matrix has bee altered by the use of an _____ _____ printer to make prints
artist quality
Lithography is a ____ process, which means that the printing surface is flat, not raised
planographic

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