Censoring The Free Press Research Paper

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Throughout the history of the United States of America, the Constitution has ever been put to the trial. The first amendment, which guarantees freedom of address and the imperativeness, comes from William Blackstone of England who wrote, “ The autonomy of the imperativeness is so indispensable to the nature of a free province, but this consists in puting no old restraint upon publications, and non from animadversion when published ” ( qtd. in Bain, par. 22 ) .

The laminitiss of this great state originally created the first amendment to enable settlers to talk out against the British. The imperativeness in the seventeenth century was accurate and enlightening with small competition among journalists, but today in the twenty-first century, the fortunes are different and the bets are higher. Due to improbably high sum of competition among journalists today, the information is normally exaggerated, a prevarication, or calumniatory in order to capture a viewing audience.

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The media is everyplace one turns. A individual can happen the media in assorted signifiers such as telecasting, wireless, magazines, and newspapers. In the procedure of capturing evaluations, who is the media aching more? Is it people who are accused of a offense, such as O. J. Simpson, or is it the American public ’ s stupidity for believing everything they hear? Restrictions greatly need to be placed upon the first amendment of the United States Constitution in respect to freedom of the imperativeness because soon the media is making more harm than good.

Election 2000 is the most recent illustration of media leaping the gun and doing mass pandemonium. On November 7, the media gave the province of Florida, which contains 25 electoral ballots in the Electoral College to the campaigner Al Gore without all of the vote poles being closed. Most of vote poles still open were from republican counties. After an hr, the media took the province of Florida from Gore and gave it to the other campaigner George W. Bush. By the terminal of the dark, the ballots came in, and the ballots were so close that an automatic recount was necessary. If it were non for the imperativeness, the pandemonium would non be about as bad.

The occupation of the media is to happen the truth and state it to the people, but the information received by the people is normally distorted. Harmonizing to Joshua Shenk, on June 27, 1993, Rush Limbaugh played a tape on which the Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentson had stated that the new program of Bill Clinton would raise involvement rates and lower the stock market. Limbaugh vauntingly agreed with Bentson. In fact, the antonym had occurred. Both the NASDAQ index and the Dow Jones had risen since June 21 of the last twelvemonth.

In an interview with M.L. Stein of Editor & A ; Publisher, O.J. Simpson stated, “ I don ’ t want to belabour strike harding the imperativeness, but I can ’ t believe what is being said. Most of it is wholly made up ” ( par. 22 ) . Lies and hyperboles such as these must be stopped in order for the people to cognize precisely what is traveling on in the universe around them. Because of their hungriness for evaluations, the media have severely affected the lives of people and their household. Rumors scattered everyplace about who killed O.J. Simpson ’ s ex-wife, Nicole Simpson and her friend,

Ronald Goldman. Mass media surrounded O.J. , his kids, and other household members. Andrea Ford of the Los Angeles Times used the words “veritable feeding frenzy” to depict the media’s response to the slaying ( qtd. in Stein, par. 7 ) . Harmonizing to Kim Christensen, the media forced Simpson to experience guilty and contemplate self-destruction ( Stein, par. 10 ) . Pleading with the media, Simpson said, “I know you have a occupation to make, but as a last wish, delight, delight, delight go forth my kids in peace. Their lives will be tough enough” ( qtd. in Stein, par. 22 ) .

Cases such as these must be stopped. John Corry of the American Spectator reported that the first effort to ban the freedom of the imperativeness came in 1949 when the Federal Communications Commission ( FCC ) created the Fairness Doctrine. The FCC was created under President Kennedy ’ s disposal. The Fairness Doctrine was created to guarantee that publically owned telecasting and wireless Stationss would non be biased and would advance their ain positions ( pars. 2-4 ) . An helper of the secretary of commercialism in the Kennedy disposal stated:

Our monolithic scheme was to utilize the Fairness Doctrine to dispute and hassle the rightist broadcasters, and hope that the challenges would be so dearly-won to them that they would be inhibited and make up one’s mind it was excessively dearly-won to go on. ( qtd. in Corry, par. 4 ) The Reagan disposal abolished the Fairness Doctrine in the 1980s ( Corry, par. 6 ) . A new jurisprudence needs to be passed to ban the imperativeness.

Supporters of a free imperativeness argue that the media should be able to make whatever necessary to distribute the intelligence. The media itself argues that people should care about a free imperativeness. Henry Grunwald argued that the spread of democracy in the United States is dependent upon a free imperativeness ( par. 9 ) . The media should be able to distribute the intelligence, but it should be the truth, non hyperboles and lies about person or something.

Although the media is merely making their occupation, something should be done to halt some of the things being done. Laws should be passed to implement the media non to make a narrative on something that is non known much about where the information will be extremely distorted. The people of the United States have the right to cognize what is traveling on in the universe around them, and they deserve to cognize the truth about it. Equally long as Americans are fascinated by prevarications, hyperboles, and calumniatory narratives, the media will go on to describe on them. It must be stopped.


  1. Bain, George. “ The Trouble with Journalists. ” Maclean ’ s 5 Dec. 1994: 34 pars. Proquest. Albert P. Brewer Lib. , Decatur, AL. 26 November 2000.
  2. Corry, John. “ Fairness Most Foul. ” The American Spectator Nov. 1993: 13 pars. EBSCO. Albert P. Brewer Lib. , Decatur, AL. 27 November 2000.
  3. Grunwald, Henry. “ Who Cares About a Free Press? ” Time 8 May 1995: 10 pars. Proquest. Albert P. Brewer Lib. , Decatur, AL. 26 November 2000.
  4. Shenk, Joshua. “ Limbaugh ’ s Lies II: Another Rush to Judgment. ” The New Republic 8 Aug. 1994: 10 pars. Elib. Albert P. Brewer Lib. , Decatur, AL. 26 November 2000.
  5. Stein, M.L. “ The O.J. Case and the Press. ” Editor & A ; Publisher 25 June 1994: 35 pars. EBSCO. Albert P. Brewer Lib. , Decatur, AL. 27 November 2000

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