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Combining forms, suffixes, prefixes and terms

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    Term Definition
    cerebello cerebellum
    cerebro cerebrum
    duro dura mater
    encephalo brain
    glio glial cells
    lepto thin, slender
    meingo, meningio meninges
    myo muscle
    myelo spinal cord
    neuro nerve
    ponto pons
    radiculo nerve root
    thalamo thalamus
    theco sheath
    vago vagus nerve
    algeso, -algesia excessive sensitivity to pain
    -algia pain
    causo burning
    comato deep sleep
    esthesio, -esthesia feeling, nervous sensation
    kineso, kinesio, -kinesia, -kinesis, -kinetic movement
    -lepsy seizure
    lexo word, phrase
    -paresis weakness
    -phasia speech
    -plegia paralysis
    -praxia action
    -sthenia strength
    syncopo to cut off, cut short
    taxo order, coordination
    cerebellar pertaining to the cerebellum
    cerebrospinal fluid Fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord and is located within the ventricles of
    the brain
    cerebral cortex The outer region (gray matter) of the cerebrum
    subdural hematoma Collection of blood under the dura mater
    epidural hematoma Collection of blood above the dura mater
    encephalitis Inflammation of the brain
    encephalopathy any disease of the brain
    anencephaly condition of no brain
    glioblastoma Tumor (malignant) of glial (neuroglial or supportive) cells in the brain
    leptomeningeal Pertaining to the pia mater and arachnoid membranes of the meninges
    meningeal pertaining to the meninges
    meningioma tumor of the meninges
    myelomeningocele Hernia of the spinal cord and meninges; associated with spina bifida
    myoneural pertaining to muscle and nerve
    myelopathy disease of the spinal cord
    poliomyelitis Inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord
    neuropathy disease of the nerves
    polyneuritis Inflammation of many (spinal) nerves
    cerebellopontine Pertaining to the cerebellum and the pons
    radiculopathy disease of the spinal nerve roots
    radiculitis inflammation of nerve roots
    thalamic Pertaining to the thalamus
    intrathecal injection Placement of substances (medications) into the subarachnoid space
    vagal pertaining to the vagus (10th cranial) nerve
    analgesia Condition of no sensation of pain
    anesthetics agents that reduce or eliminate sensation
    hypalgesia diminished sensation to pain
    neuralgia nerve pain
    cephalgia headache
    causalgia Burning sensation of pain
    comatose In a state of coma
    anesthesia condition of no nervous sensation
    hyperesthesia Excessive sensitivity to touch, pain, or other sensory stimuli
    paresthesia An abnormal sensation such as numbness, tingling, or pricking
    bradykinesia slowness of movement
    hyperkinesis condition of excessive movement
    dyskinesia Involuntary, spasmodic movements
    akinetic pertaining to without movement
    epilepsy Chronic disorder marked by attacks of brain dysfunction due to excessive firing of
    nervous impulses
    narcolepsy sudden, uncontrollable episodes of sleep
    dyslexia disorder of reading, writing or learning
    hemiparesis Slight paralysis in either the right or left half of the body
    aphasia condition of inability to speak
    hemiplegia paralysis in half of the body
    paraplegia paralysis in the lower portion of the body
    quadriplegia paralysis of all four limbs of the body
    apraxia Inability to carry out familiar purposeful movements
    neurasthenia condition of lack of nerve strength
    syncopal pertaining to syncope
    ataxia no muscular coordination

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