Compare Intel and AMD Essay


            The Processor or the Central Processin Unit in a computer is the brain of the PC. Its jobs include processing the instructions by fetching the data from the RAM of the computer. It is also that part of the computer without which the computer cannot work at all. Nowadays, the two major manufacturers of processors are the Intel and the AMD. In the rest of the paper, we will discuss the difference between an Intel 32-bit processor and an AMD 32-bit processor.

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Clock Speed:

            The clock speed of a CPU is defined as the frequency that a processor executes instructions or that data is processed. This clock speed is measured in millions of cycles per second or megahertz (MHz). The clock itself is actually a quartz crystal that vibrates at a certain frequency when electricity is passed through it. Each vibration sends out a pulse or beat, like a metronome, to each component that’s synchronized with it. (Clock Speed)

            The Clock Speed of AMD 32-bit processor is only 1400 MHz compared to that of Intel’s clock speed of 3066 MHz which means that the Intel processor will process the instructions faster than the AMD’s processor therefore, its speed is high.

Bus Speed:

            A collection of wires through which data is transmitted from one part of a computer to another is a bus. You can think of a bus as a highway on which data travels within a computer. Every bus has a clock speed measured in MHz A fast bus allows data to be transferred faster, which makes applications run faster. (What is Bus?)

            The Bus Speed of AMD processor is 266 MHz whereas that of an Intel processor is 522 MHz and this goes to show that the Intel processor will process more and faster since the bus speed decides how many instructions are processed at a time. Since the bus speed of this processor is very high compared to AMD’s, Intel will transmit more data at a time.


            The power that is utilized by the processor will result in heat being generated and this is the result of the current and the voltage that is consumed by the processor. The voltage that is consumed by the processor depends directly on the clock speed of the processor.

            The voltage consumed by AMD 32-bit processor is 1.75 Volts whereas that drawn by Intel is 1.55 Volts (The CPU Featurator) which means that the AMD processor takes more voltage. Any processor that takes more voltage means that that processor will also emit more heat which will result in it being heated up more and due to this reason the AMD processor require casing that has water pipes and all so that the processor can be kept cool.


            Motherboards are subcategorized by the type of processor socket they have. The processor socket (also called a CPU socket) is the connector on the motherboard that houses a CPU and forms the electrical interface and contact with the CPU. Processor sockets use a pin grid array (PGA) where pins on the underside of the processor connect to holes in the processor socket.  (What is CPU Socket?)

            The AMD 32-bit processor uses Socket A and the Intel 32-bit processor uses Socket 478  (The CPU Featurator). The difference between the two sockets is the architecture of the two sockets is different. The Socket A is extremely delicate and many people have complained that while handling the processor or fixing the motherboard, there have been times where the socket has gotten damaged and due to this the customers have complained about it. Nothing like this is observed in Socket 478.


            The cache is a very high speed and very expensive piece of memory, which is used to speed up the memory retrieval process. Without the cache memory every time the CPU requested data it would send a request to the main memory which would then be sent back across the memory bus to the CPU. This is a slow process in computing terms. The idea of the cache is that this extremely fast memory would store and data that is frequently accessed and also if possible the data that is around it. This is to achieve the quickest possible response time to the CPU. It’s based on playing the percentages. If a certain piece of data has been requested 5 times before, it’s likely that this specific piece of data will be required again and so is stored in the cache memory.  (How does the CPU Cache Work?)

            The Cache of Intel 32-bit processor is 512 kB and that of AMD 32-bit processor is 256 kB. This means that the Intel processor can store more data in its cache and therefore the speed of retriving frequently required data is much more higher or actually double the speed of AMD processor.


            Depending on the type of processor, the manufacturer, how fast it runs, where the sensor is located, and what programs it is currently running will determine the temperature of what the processor should be.

            The temperature of AMD processor is around 90-95 degree Celsius whereas the maximum temperature of Intel processor is around 75- 82 degree Celsius which means that the AMD processor heats up much faster and when it’s heated, it will not perform properly and may restart again.


            These are small devices that are used in all electronic devices to amplify the current which means that small amount of current is used to control large amount of current flow. Even though transistors are very expensive but since in almost all the industries, mass production is done, it reduces the cost per transistor.

            The number of transistors used in Intel 32 bit processor is 55 million whereas that used in AMD 32-bit processor is only 37 million. This means that the Intel processor will draw less current but amplify that small current to a much larger current and flow will be faster so less electricity consumed but the speed is faster.


            This is the amount of electricity that is drawn by the processor to work. If a processor consumes more electricity then obviously it’s not considered good. The Intel 32-bit processor consumes 69 Watts whereas the AMD 32-bit processor requires 65-72 Watts which means the AMD processor requires more power and since the transistors are less than Intel then the flow of current will be low and the performance will deteriorate.


            The price of Intel 32-bit processor is around $69-109  (Intel Computers) whereas the price of AMD 32-bit is $108 (AMD Computers). This goes to show that Intel processors are much cheaper than their AMD counterparts.


            I would recommend a customer to go for Intel 32-bit processor since it’s faster, takes less electricity and it is also less cheaper. Moreover, these AMD processors are extremely heat sensitive. Improper ventilating and less fans or a thick casing can damage an AMD processor much faster than Intel. Secondly, the AMD processors are much more expensive than the Intel processor.

Works Cited
1.    AMD Computers. <>.

2.    Clock Speed. 14 June 2008 <>.

3.    How does the CPU Cache Work? 16 June 2008 <>.

4.    Intel Computers. 16 June 2008 <>.

5.    The CPU Featurator. 8 October 2005. <>.

6.    What is Bus? 14 June 2008 <>.

7.       What is CPU Socket? 16 June 2008 <>.


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