The Egyptian pyramids are ancient pyramid-shaped masonry structures located in Egypt. They are known to be one of the seven wonders of the modern world. There are 138 pyramids discovered in Egypt as of 2008. Most were built as tombs for the country’s Pharaohs and their consorts during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods. The earliest known Egyptian pyramids are found at Saqqara, northwest of Memphis. The earliest among these is the Pyramid of Djoser which was built during the third dynasty. The estimate of the number of workers it took to build the pyramids have a wide range from a few thousand, twenty thousand, and up to 100,000.
The most famous Egyptian pyramids are those found at Giza, on the outskirts of Cairo. Several of the Giza pyramids are counted among the largest structures ever built. The Pyramid of Khufu at Giza is the largest Egyptian pyramid. REASON BEHIND BUILDING PYRAMIDS The pyramids were built to protect the body of the deceased pharaoh. These massive tombs were constructed to withstand the elements of time and were intended to last forever. Most Ancient Egyptians planned for their death and the pharaoh was no exception.
His death was much more elaborate than the typical Ancient Egyptian and considered an important event; this process was tied to the rising and setting of the sun. It was believed that while alive, the pharaoh represented Horus and upon his death he represented Osiris. During his state as Osiris, he would set the sun, while the new pharaoh, his son, in the image of Horus, would raise the sun. This process continued for hundreds of years and this is why it was important the pharaoh be protected eternally to avoid a cosmic disturbance. The pharaoh also believed that his death was an extension to a journey towards eternal life.
In order to become a “being” of the afterworld, it was important the pharaoh’s physical body be safeguarded and recognizable by his spirit, this in turn, lead to the process of mummification. The process itself consisted of being embalmed then wrapped in fine linen. Once the process of mummification was complete, the pharaoh was buried with his most prized possessions such as jewelry, funerary statues, and items that would aid him in his afterlife. CONSTRUCTION OF PYRAMIDS The pyramids were built of huge blocks of limestone and granite, each block weighing over two tons, which were quarried in the desert nearby.
The stones were then carried on boats down the Nile and hauled on a granite causeway from the river to the leveled site, using ropes and sledges and muscle. It is still a mystery as to exactly how these heavy stones were lifted into place as the pyramids took shape. Most people believed they were pulled up a huge earth ramp and laid in place, layer by layer. We realize in viewing the pyramids today that the ancient Egyptians, who lived nearly 5,000 years ago, were some of the best engineers the world has ever known.
They displayed a remarkable mastery of technical, while working with the hardest of stones and without metal tools. But, of course, these massive stone structures could not have been built without the labour of tens of thousands of workers. There were craftsmen who worked permanently on the site and a much larger work force of peasant farmers, who were summoned to work on royal projects during the months when their fields were flooded and their time free. ROBBERY IN PYRAMIDS In building the pyramids, the workers had one special incentive.
Since they believed that the pharaoh would care for them in the next world, it was in their best interests to ensure that he got there safely. Although the pyramids were constructed in such a way that made robbery difficult, over the centuries thieves did manage to break in, destroying the bodies of the pharaohs and stealing their treasures. Eventually, because of such destruction, the pharaohs stopped building pyramids and instead had secret tombs made in a remote and desolate place called “The Valley of the Kings,” near the ancient city of Thebes.
These hidden, rock-cut tombs contained all of the elaborate treasures of the pyramids, and eventually most of them were also plundered. However, during the 21st dynasty, many of the royal mummies were removed to a secret hiding place, where they remained undiscovered until about a century ago. EGYPT PYRAMID SECRETS It has been proved that there is movement of the turbulence energy emitted from the top of the room. It was proven that there is a hierarchy within a magnetic field change of existing forces, as it is known that a magnetic ield can prevent the entry into force of electricity or alter the magnetic field. This indicates that there is an electromagnetic field in pyramid. These are some of the findings of scientists on the pyramids secrets :
•Re-polish jewelry and coins that have been oxidized. •keep milk fresh for several days and when He got to change after that turn to Yogurt. While the sour milk if placed inside a geometric shape is not a pyramid . This result has lured some of the milk producers designed to save the hierarchy of containers of milk it sells. Dried flowers, but retain their shape, color and smell. •Wounds and blisters and burns heal more quickly if presented to the area of energy hierarchy has proven to be dental pain and migraine headaches as well as fade and fade away the pain of rheumatism. •Plants grow faster in inside the pyramid by the outside. •Facial wash water, which may be placed inside the pyramid for the skin to return to the youth and freshness and helps to remove wrinkles. •Food items placed inside the pyramid, retaining its original flavor and smell good for a longer set than outside it
WONDER OF THE WORLD Khufu, son of Snefru and second ruler of the 4th dynasty moved the royal necropolis to Giza, north of modern-day Cairo. According to ancient Greek historian Herodotus, Khufu (aka Cheops) enslaved his people to build his pyramid. On the Giza Plateau, Khufu’s builders oriented his pyramid almost perfectly north. The largest pyramid ever built, it incorporates about 2. 3 million stone blocks, weighing an average of 2. 5 to 15 tons each. It is estimated that the workers would have had to set a block every two and a half minutes.
The pyramid has three burial chambers. The first is underground, carved into bedrock. The second, aboveground chamber was called the queen’s chamber by early explorers. We now know it was never intended to house one of Khufu’s wives but perhaps a sacred statue of the king himself. The third is the king’s chamber, which held a red granite sarcophagus placed almost exactly at the center of the pyramid. The king’s chamber is accessed via the 26-foot-high (8-meter-high) Grand Gallery, which was sealed off from thieves by sliding granite blocking systems.
The Great Pyramid was the centerpiece of an elaborate complex, which included several small pyramids, five boat pits, a mortuary temple, a causeway, a valley temple, and many flat-roofed tombs for officials and some members of the royal family. EGYPTIAN PYRAMID OF KHUFU The largest Pyramid, King Khufu’s, is often called the Great Pyramid. It lies in the desert west of Giza, accompanied by the pyramids of Khafre and Menkaure (Khufu’s son and grandson). The Great Pyramid was built during Khufu’s reign (2551 bc-2528 BC). It took twenty to thirty years to complete the pyramid.
Pharaoh Khufu began the first Giza pyramid project, circa 2550 B. C. His Great Pyramid is the largest in Giza and towers some 481 feet (147 meters) above the plateau. Its estimated 2. 3 million stone blocks each weigh an average of 2. 5 to 15 tons. Khufu’s son, Pharaoh Khafre, built the second pyramid at Giza, circa 2520 B. C. His necropolis also included the Sphinx, a mysterious limestone monument with the body of a lion and a pharaoh’s head. The Sphinx may stand sentinel for the pharaoh’s entire tomb complex. The third of the Giza Pyramids is considerably smaller than the first two.
Built by Pharaoh Menkaure circa 2490 B. C. , it featured a much more complex mortuary temple. Each massive pyramid is but one part of a larger complex, including a palace, temples, solar boat pits, and other features. BUILDING BOOM The ancient engineering feats at Giza were so impressive that even today scientists can’t be sure how the pyramids were built. Yet they have learned much about the people who built them and the political power necessary to make it happen. The builders were skilled, well-fed Egyptian workers who lived in a nearby temporary city.
Archaeological digs on the fascinating site have revealed a highly organized community, rich with resources, that must have been backed by strong central authority. It’s likely that communities across Egypt contributed workers, as well as food and other essentials, for what became in some ways a national project to display the wealth and control of the ancient pharaohs PRESERVING THE PAST If the Pyramids helped to build ancient Egypt, they also preserved it. Giza allows us to explore a long-vanished world. “Many people think of the site s just a cemetery in the modern sense, but it’s a lot more than that,” says Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and Tufts University Egyptologist Peter Der Manuelian.
“In these decorated tombs you have wonderful scenes of every aspect of life in ancient Egypt—so it’s not just about how Egyptians died but how they lived. ” Tomb art includes depictions of ancient farmers working their fields and tending livestock, fishing and fowling, carpentry, costumes, religious rituals, and burial practices. Inscriptions and texts also allow research into Egyptian grammar and language. Almost any subject you want to study about Pharaonic civilization is available on the tomb walls at Giza,” Der Manuelian says. CONCLUSION Archaeologists have uncovered as many as 17 buried pyramids in Egypt with the help of NASA satellite imagery recently. The team also found more than 1,000 tombs and 3,000 ancient settlements,which were taken by satellites orbiting 700 kilometers (435 miles) above the Earth, revealed the below-ground structure. By incorporating and combining ancient methods with modern tools and materials perhaps we can learn from the ancients as we strive to educate the future generations.