The Common sense test requires you to listen to what your instincts and moon sense are telling you, if it feels wrong, it probably is. Role reversal test requires you to trade places with the people affected by your decision and view the decision through their eyes. When you ask yourself, “If you make this decision, how will you feel about yourself when you look in the mirror? ” this is an example of the mirror ethic test. The front-page test encourages you to make a decision that would not embarrass you if printed as a story on the front page of your hometown newspaper.
And lastly the morning-after test oh ask yourself, “if you make this choice, how will you feel about it tomorrow morning? ” 4. What is the safety and health professionals role with regard to ethics? They are responsible for multiple roles in regard to ethics. Which include: their responsibility for setting an example of ethical behavior, helping fellow employees make the right decision when facing ethical questions. Also they are responsible for helping employees follow through and actually undertake the ethical option once the appropriate choice has been identified. 5.
Briefly explain the following approaches to handling ethical behavior: best ratio, black and white, full potential. The pragmatic approach is the best-ratio approach. Because people are basically considered good, that under the right circumstances behave ethically, yet under certain conditions, can be driven to the unethical behavior. When hard decisions must be made, the appropriate choice is the one that does the most good for the most people. This is sometimes referred to as situational ethics. The black and white approach is right is right, wrong is wrong, and circumstances are irrelevant.
When difficult decisions must be made, safety & health professionals should make fair and impartial choices regardless of the outcome. Full potential is when you make decisions based on how the outcomes affect the ability of those involved to achieve their full potential. Choices that can achieve this goal without infringing on the rights of others are considered ethical. 6. Briefly explain a company’s role with regard to ethics. A company’s role in ethics is to set an example of ethics in all external dealings. Also to create an ethical environment inside the company.
A company creates an ethical environment by establishing policies and practices that ensure all employees are treated ethically and then enforcing these policies. In addition to an ethical internal environment, and handling external dealings in an ethical manner, companies must support safety & health professionals who make ethically correct decisions. 7. Explain how one should proceed when facing an ethical dilemma. Apply the various guidelines for determining what is ethical. Select one of the three basic approaches to handling ethical questions.
Proceed in accordance with the approach selected, and proceed with consistency. 8. Write a brief ethics philosophy for a chemical company. Company Ass policy is to be lawful, consistent, and socially responsible for all of its business practices. Ethical behavior is a responsibility to every employee. We look to create a workplace that is satisfying and comfortable for the employees so that they can take pride in enforcing Our policies. 9. List the individual and social factors that might influence an employee’s ethical behavior. Stages of moral development gal interpretations Organizational factors
Personal values and morals Family influences Peer influences and Life experiences 10. What questions should safety and health professionals ask when making decisions that have an ethical component? Has the problem been thoroughly, accurately defined? Have all dimensions of the problem (productivity, quality, cost, safety, health, and so on) been identified? Would other stakeholders (employees, customers) agree with your definition of the problem? What is your real motivation in making this decision? Meeting a deadline? Outperforming another organizational unit, or a competitor?
Self-promoting? Getting the job done right? Protecting the safety & health of employees? Some combination of these? What is the probable short-term result of your decision What is the probable long-term result? Who will be affected by your decision and in what way? In the short term? In the long term? Did you discuss the decision with all stakeholders (or all possible stakeholders) before making it? Would your decision withstand the scrutiny of employees, customers, colleagues, and the general public? 1 1 . Explain the most common problems associated with whistle-blowing?
The “tattle-tale” attitude is one of the most common problems that works against whistle-blowing other are: Retribution- people who blow the whistle on their employer may be subjected to retribution. Damaged relationships and hostility. Blowing the whistle about an illegal or unethical practice can often damage relationships. Loss of focus. Whistle-blowers often find their time, energy & attention over- taken by events surrounding the claim of illegal/unethical acts. Scapegoat. When an employee is injured or the environment is damaged, safety & health professionals are sure to be closely scrutinized.