How did the Romans obtain and control such a vast empire? In its time, the Roman Empire was the largest empire the world had ever seen. The fact that the Romans were able to control and obtain an empire of this size was due to plenty of factors, but the main ones are the Roman army, the Roman roads, Pax Romana, the borders of the empire, and the benefits of the barbarians who became ruled by the empire. On their own, these factors wouldn’t do much at all, but such a combination brought great success.
The Roman Army was the most important factor that led to the Romans maintaining such a large empire. The army was very well organised into many groups, and the whips kept by the group leader ensured that the army would be obedient and disciplined. Being obedient would help the army win many battles, because soldiers would never question their orders and would do as they were told without a second thought, and discipline was enforced with the constant work they were given.
Even if they were not in any war, the army would always be helping the city evolve by building roads, aqueducts, walls, and other infrastructure. The tactics of the Roman Army were far more advanced than other armies of their time. First, they would throw their javelins and render the enemy shields useless. They would then advance towards their enemies and throw off their balance with by hitting them with their shields.
After that, their enemies would be defenceless, and all that was left was the final blow with their swords. Winning battles was relatively easy for the Romans due to this army, which allowed them to keep gaining more and more land, and defending it with efficiency. The Roman roads were essential in aiding the empire to flourish and control its land. As the empire continued to grow, more and more resources were available to the inhabitants of Rome, but there was no effective way of transporting said resources. With the trusty army on stand-by, they were able to build a huge amount of roads connecting central Rome to the rest of the empire. These roads treated the citizens to outside goods, but also helped transport the army to help conquer more land, and defend the land they already have.
To this day, many paths that these roads followed are still being used, which proves that a lot of time and effort were put into these roads to achieve such a high quality and durability. As well as the Roman Army and the Roman roads, the Pax Romana was another factor that led to the empire’s great success. Pax Romana, Latin for “Roman Peace”, was the peace established by the Romans in their empire, where the inhabitants benefitted from the law and order that was enforced by the Romans, and no more land was to be conquered. The Pax Romana was one of the most stable periods of the empire. This brought relative civilisation across the empire and kept the peasants happy, which was essential to keeping the empire under control. Crucial to protecting the empire, the borders the Romans had surrounding them were excellent; whether they be manmade or natural. Hadrian’s Wall was a good example of a manmade border. Issued by Emperor Hadrian in around 122AD, the wall was located in Northern England and was the most fortified wall built by the empire. Hadrian decided that they had conquered enough land, and was afraid that he wouldn’t have full control of the empire if he conquered more land, so this wall was built to keep out the Scottish people and to discontinue further growth of the empire. The Rhine River proved to be an exceptional natural border for the Romans, as barbarians could be easily spotted if they tried to cross the river. With a little bit of help from nature, the Roman Empire’s borders crushed the hopes of anyone thinking about invading.
If barbarians had been conquered by the Romans, it wouldn’t have been bad as they would think. They would benefit from the Roman law and order, and could become an auxiliary or foreign professional soldier of Rome. Not to mention they would be living with technology superior to that of their previous home. They would have access to aqueducts, sewers, roads and resources from all parts of the empire. This prevent possible uprisings within the empire which could destroy the empire because ultimately, there are more people in the lower end of the hierarchy than in the higher end. Overall, the five factors mentioned above had all contributed to the amazing success of the Roman Empire. Many of these factors can still be seen today, such as the aqueducts, Hadrian’s Wall, and the Roman Roads. However, after 500 years, the mighty Empire of Rome finally collapsed in 476AD.
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TOPICS IN THIS DOCUMENT
Ancient Rome, Augustus, Pax Romana, Rhine, Roman Empire, Roman Republic, Rom
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How did the Romans obtain and control such a vast empire?. (2016, May 11). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/how-did-the-romans-obtain-and-control-such-a-vast-empire/