Integrated Natural Science – C451 at WGU

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Table of Content
Question Answer
Are abiotic factors living or not living not living
also called the ozone layer stratosphere
amplitude measured from top to bottom of troughs
What does an atom have it has Protons and Neutrons
atomic number is the number of protons in am atom
autotrophs gets it’s energy from itself. same as producers
big bang theory universe enlarged rapidly and exploded. universe continues to move away
biotic factors living
can transverse wavelengths travel through vacuums yes. which waves can travel through vacuums
characteristics of Animalia multicellular. can move around.
characteristics of Archaea lives in extreme environment. no nucleus.
characteristics of bacteria most primitive. no nucleus. single cell
characteristics of Eukarya complex. has nucleus
characteristics of fungi non mobile. multicellular.
characteristics of plantae green. autotrophs. non mobile.
characteristics of Protista (protist) single cell. have nucleus. least familiar
chromosome holds the dna
Comets dirty snowballs of rock and ice
commensalism one benefits other doesn’t matter (win-draw)
Conclusion Summary of results
consumers needs to consume or eat another organism to get it’s energy. mushrooms. animals. NOT plants.
Controlled Experiment an experiment that allows 1 condition to vary while all others are kept unchanged
coriolis effect invisible force that reflects wind
cosmology study of the origin and development of the universe
define allele a pair of genes for the same traits
define annelida segmented worms.
define arthropods jointed.
define carnivores only eats meat. example lion
define chordates humans. have backbones and skulls.
define cnidarians stinging cells.
define decomposers consume dead organic materials. bacteria or fungus.
define echinoderm spiny skin. all marine.
define energy causes things to happen. can move through matter. causes change to matter. has no substance.
define gene Distinct particles that stay distinct even as they go through generations.
define herbivores only eats plants. example deer
define homozygous cell has 2 that are the same.
define ion an atom or group of atoms with an overall charge.
define isotopes atoms of an element that contain different numbers of neutrons, same number of atomic number. different mass numbers
define matter anything that has mass and takes up space.
define Mollusca most have shells, some lost through years. octopus, snails.
define omnivorous eats both animals and plants. example bear.
define Platyhelminthes one opening to take in food and pass waste.
define porifera (sponges) no head or tail. most simple animals
define valence electrons the outermost ones
Dependent Variable The condition that the scientists observe to see the effects of changing the independent variable.
describe chemical reaction rearranged atoms to make new substances.
difference between element and compound elements are made from 1 type of atom. compound is made of 2 or more.
do eukaryotic have nucleus yes.
Which 2 planets do not have moons Mercury and Venus
does a prokaryotes have complex membrane no
does prokaryotes have nucleus no
earth 3rd planet from sun. has 1 moon.
electrical force protons repel each other and they have a charge.
If a nucleus is unstable which force is stronger electrical force
What are elements substance made of only 1 kind of atom. each “Lego” is an atom and each color is an element.
end result of meiosis 4 daughter cells. non identical.
examples of heterogeneous mixture rocks. fruit salad. noodle soup.
examples of homogenous mixture air. sweat tea. tap water.
examples of Longitudinal Wave sound and p waves during earthquake
examples of mixture ocean water. rocks. air.
examples of pure substance gold. diamond. water. table salt. glucose.
examples of solution cup of tea. washer fluid. brass. air. ginger. sea water. sports drink.
examples of transverse waves water, light and s waves
Experiment Scientific investigations
explain Mendel’s Principle of Segregation allele pairs separate during gametes formation and randomly unite at fertilization
gamma ray highest frequency of wave length
Describe gasses neither volume or shape.
genotypes complete heritability
heterogeneous mixture uneven mixture. lumpy.
heterozygous cell contain 2 different gene/allele
How do heterotrophs get energy from different sources
homogeneous mixture mixture is evenly mixed.
hottest planet Venus
How do convergent plates move move together
How do Divergent plates move apart
How do Transform plates move slide past
how do you determine the overall charge of an atom if you know the number of protons and electrons subtract protons from electrons
How does creativity effect the scientific process It helps to phrase questions New tools. New ways to collect data.
how much energy is transferred between trophic level 10%
Hypothesis A prediction about the outcome, proposed explaination
Independent Variable A controlled experiment the condition that the scientists changes on purpose
Jovian planets Jupiter. Saturn. Uranus. Neptune.
jovian planets gas giant’s
Jupiter largest planet. strong magnetic field. 66 moons. has faint ring.
landforms from Oceanic-continental mountains
landforms from Oceanic-Oceanic volcanic. island chains.
largest classification domain
largest planet Jupiter
law of conservation of energy matter can not be created or destroyed
layer where all living things are crust
layers of the atmosphere from surface up troposphere. stratosphere. mesophere. thermosphere. exosphere.
level of atmosphere where weather takes place troposphere
life cycle of a star protostar. main sequence star, red giant. white dwarf. planetary nebula,
liquids definite volume but no shape. takes on shape of storage
list solar system in order sun, mercury, Venus, earth, mars, asteroid belt, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Kipler belt
location of Divergent plates mid Atlantic ridge. Pacific, Indian ocean.
Longitudinal Wave wave moves parallel to direction of travel
main sequence star stable part of star
mars was once geological. water flowed in passed. has 2 moons.
mass number the total number of both protons and neutrons
meiosis me. 1 cell divides twice for a total number of 4 sex cells.
Mercury closet planet to sun. similarly size to earth. cratered surface from space rocks.
mitosis “toe” body cells. 1 cell divides 1 time into 2 idental cells
mixture a combination of 2 or more pure substances
mutualism both benefits (win-win)
Neptune furthest from the sun. faint ring. blue from methane
neutrons what is the neutral part of an atom
Observation Collecting data and information
parasitism one benefits at the cost of others (win-lose)
phenotype description of actual physical characteristics
physical state of crust brittle solid.
physical state of mantle solid
Pluto made of rock and nitrogen ice. dwarf planet. kuiper belt object.
Prediction A guess about what will happen
primary consumers they eat producers. a rabbit eats a plant.
producers an organism able to make it’s own food. plants.
protons what is the positive part of the atom
protons do protons or neutrons repel each other.
pure substance has a fixed chemical composition
Radio waves lowest frequency wave length
radioactive an atom that is no longer stable. the electrical force is stronger and the nucleus falls apart.
reactants the starting materials for a chemical reaction. high energy
red giant stag of star where they have exhausted supply of hydrogen and begin thermonuclear fusion
reflection of longitudinal waves pulse of speaker. sound guys wall and bounces. echos
reflection of Transverse waves light in mirror, bounces back at same angel as it arrives.
Reproducible Results Results can be replicated or repeated by anothers
Saturn lowest density. ring of frozen rocks.
secondary consumers consumers who eat a primary consumer
silicate make up most of earth crust. rock forming minerals. quartz.
smallest classification species
smallest planet Mercury
solid a state of matter with a definite shape and volume.
solution a homogeneous mixture with a much larger amount of 1 substance present
Strong Nuclear force glues nucleon together regardless of charge.
Terrestrial Planets Mercury. Venus. earth. mars.
Terrestrial planets rocky solid plants. can walk on them.
the exit layer of the atmosphere exosphere
the middle of the atmosphere that’s cold thermosphere
theory of continental drift continents were once joined as one large landmass. didn’t explain how they moved.
transverse wave Motion is perpendicular to direction of travel
type of charge a neutron has neutral
type of charge a proton has positive
type of charge an electron has negative
type of landforms from continental-continental tall mountains. Himalayan
type of movement of continental-continental plates collude
type of movement of Oceanic-continental ocean plate sinks under continent
type of movement of Oceanic-Oceanic one will sink below other.
Uranus tipped on side. faint ring. blue in color from methane.
Venus 2nd planet from sun. spins backwards. hottest planet. has geological activities
water freezing to ice molecules are further apart in the solid form than in a liquid form.
wavelength measured from crest to crest
what are products of photosynthesis glucose and oxygen
what happens during nuclear fission division
what happens when a cold front moves in temperature drops. thunderstorms
what happens when wavelengths change higher frequency – shorter wavelengths lower frequency – longer wavelengths
what is a star made of hydrogen and helium
what is Linnaean classification grouped by physical characteristics. groups within groups.
what is plate tectonics where plates touch. likely to have earthquake. explains continents fitting together.
what is the atmosphere mostly made of nitrogen and oxygen
what is the role of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere plant life. greenhouse effect
what is the sun made of hydrogen helium and a little bit of oxygen
what is the thinnest layer of earth Lithosphere
what media do Transverse waves need to travel None is needed.
what type of media is best to travel for Longitudinal waves can move through solids best. not through vacuums. gasses are the worst.
where are metallic bonds located from left to middle.
where is crust layer located outer layer
where is mantle located below crust
which is the hottest layer of earth outer core

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