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Integrated Natural Science – C451 at WGU

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    Question Answer
    Are abiotic factors living or not living not living
    also called the ozone layer stratosphere
    amplitude measured from top to bottom of troughs
    What does an atom have it has Protons and Neutrons
    atomic number is the number of protons in am atom
    autotrophs gets it’s energy from itself. same as producers
    big bang theory universe enlarged rapidly and exploded. universe continues to move away
    biotic factors living
    can transverse wavelengths travel through vacuums yes. which waves can travel through vacuums
    characteristics of Animalia multicellular. can move around.
    characteristics of Archaea lives in extreme environment. no nucleus.
    characteristics of bacteria most primitive. no nucleus. single cell
    characteristics of Eukarya complex. has nucleus
    characteristics of fungi non mobile. multicellular.
    characteristics of plantae green. autotrophs. non mobile.
    characteristics of Protista (protist) single cell. have nucleus. least familiar
    chromosome holds the dna
    Comets dirty snowballs of rock and ice
    commensalism one benefits other doesn’t matter (win-draw)
    Conclusion Summary of results
    consumers needs to consume or eat another organism to get it’s energy. mushrooms. animals. NOT plants.
    Controlled Experiment an experiment that allows 1 condition to vary while all others are kept unchanged
    coriolis effect invisible force that reflects wind
    cosmology study of the origin and development of the universe
    define allele a pair of genes for the same traits
    define annelida segmented worms.
    define arthropods jointed.
    define carnivores only eats meat. example lion
    define chordates humans. have backbones and skulls.
    define cnidarians stinging cells.
    define decomposers consume dead organic materials. bacteria or fungus.
    define echinoderm spiny skin. all marine.
    define energy causes things to happen. can move through matter. causes change to matter. has no substance.
    define gene Distinct particles that stay distinct even as they go through generations.
    define herbivores only eats plants. example deer
    define homozygous cell has 2 that are the same.
    define ion an atom or group of atoms with an overall charge.
    define isotopes atoms of an element that contain different numbers of neutrons, same number of atomic number. different mass numbers
    define matter anything that has mass and takes up space.
    define Mollusca most have shells, some lost through years. octopus, snails.
    define omnivorous eats both animals and plants. example bear.
    define Platyhelminthes one opening to take in food and pass waste.
    define porifera (sponges) no head or tail. most simple animals
    define valence electrons the outermost ones
    Dependent Variable The condition that the scientists observe to see the effects of changing the independent variable.
    describe chemical reaction rearranged atoms to make new substances.
    difference between element and compound elements are made from 1 type of atom. compound is made of 2 or more.
    do eukaryotic have nucleus yes.
    Which 2 planets do not have moons Mercury and Venus
    does a prokaryotes have complex membrane no
    does prokaryotes have nucleus no
    earth 3rd planet from sun. has 1 moon.
    electrical force protons repel each other and they have a charge.
    If a nucleus is unstable which force is stronger electrical force
    What are elements substance made of only 1 kind of atom. each “Lego” is an atom and each color is an element.
    end result of meiosis 4 daughter cells. non identical.
    examples of heterogeneous mixture rocks. fruit salad. noodle soup.
    examples of homogenous mixture air. sweat tea. tap water.
    examples of Longitudinal Wave sound and p waves during earthquake
    examples of mixture ocean water. rocks. air.
    examples of pure substance gold. diamond. water. table salt. glucose.
    examples of solution cup of tea. washer fluid. brass. air. ginger. sea water. sports drink.
    examples of transverse waves water, light and s waves
    Experiment Scientific investigations
    explain Mendel’s Principle of Segregation allele pairs separate during gametes formation and randomly unite at fertilization
    gamma ray highest frequency of wave length
    Describe gasses neither volume or shape.
    genotypes complete heritability
    heterogeneous mixture uneven mixture. lumpy.
    heterozygous cell contain 2 different gene/allele
    How do heterotrophs get energy from different sources
    homogeneous mixture mixture is evenly mixed.
    hottest planet Venus
    How do convergent plates move move together
    How do Divergent plates move apart
    How do Transform plates move slide past
    how do you determine the overall charge of an atom if you know the number of protons and electrons subtract protons from electrons
    How does creativity effect the scientific process It helps to phrase questions New tools. New ways to collect data.
    how much energy is transferred between trophic level 10%
    Hypothesis A prediction about the outcome, proposed explaination
    Independent Variable A controlled experiment the condition that the scientists changes on purpose
    Jovian planets Jupiter. Saturn. Uranus. Neptune.
    jovian planets gas giant’s
    Jupiter largest planet. strong magnetic field. 66 moons. has faint ring.
    landforms from Oceanic-continental mountains
    landforms from Oceanic-Oceanic volcanic. island chains.
    largest classification domain
    largest planet Jupiter
    law of conservation of energy matter can not be created or destroyed
    layer where all living things are crust
    layers of the atmosphere from surface up troposphere. stratosphere. mesophere. thermosphere. exosphere.
    level of atmosphere where weather takes place troposphere
    life cycle of a star protostar. main sequence star, red giant. white dwarf. planetary nebula,
    liquids definite volume but no shape. takes on shape of storage
    list solar system in order sun, mercury, Venus, earth, mars, asteroid belt, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Kipler belt
    location of Divergent plates mid Atlantic ridge. Pacific, Indian ocean.
    Longitudinal Wave wave moves parallel to direction of travel
    main sequence star stable part of star
    mars was once geological. water flowed in passed. has 2 moons.
    mass number the total number of both protons and neutrons
    meiosis me. 1 cell divides twice for a total number of 4 sex cells.
    Mercury closet planet to sun. similarly size to earth. cratered surface from space rocks.
    mitosis “toe” body cells. 1 cell divides 1 time into 2 idental cells
    mixture a combination of 2 or more pure substances
    mutualism both benefits (win-win)
    Neptune furthest from the sun. faint ring. blue from methane
    neutrons what is the neutral part of an atom
    Observation Collecting data and information
    parasitism one benefits at the cost of others (win-lose)
    phenotype description of actual physical characteristics
    physical state of crust brittle solid.
    physical state of mantle solid
    Pluto made of rock and nitrogen ice. dwarf planet. kuiper belt object.
    Prediction A guess about what will happen
    primary consumers they eat producers. a rabbit eats a plant.
    producers an organism able to make it’s own food. plants.
    protons what is the positive part of the atom
    protons do protons or neutrons repel each other.
    pure substance has a fixed chemical composition
    Radio waves lowest frequency wave length
    radioactive an atom that is no longer stable. the electrical force is stronger and the nucleus falls apart.
    reactants the starting materials for a chemical reaction. high energy
    red giant stag of star where they have exhausted supply of hydrogen and begin thermonuclear fusion
    reflection of longitudinal waves pulse of speaker. sound guys wall and bounces. echos
    reflection of Transverse waves light in mirror, bounces back at same angel as it arrives.
    Reproducible Results Results can be replicated or repeated by anothers
    Saturn lowest density. ring of frozen rocks.
    secondary consumers consumers who eat a primary consumer
    silicate make up most of earth crust. rock forming minerals. quartz.
    smallest classification species
    smallest planet Mercury
    solid a state of matter with a definite shape and volume.
    solution a homogeneous mixture with a much larger amount of 1 substance present
    Strong Nuclear force glues nucleon together regardless of charge.
    Terrestrial Planets Mercury. Venus. earth. mars.
    Terrestrial planets rocky solid plants. can walk on them.
    the exit layer of the atmosphere exosphere
    the middle of the atmosphere that’s cold thermosphere
    theory of continental drift continents were once joined as one large landmass. didn’t explain how they moved.
    transverse wave Motion is perpendicular to direction of travel
    type of charge a neutron has neutral
    type of charge a proton has positive
    type of charge an electron has negative
    type of landforms from continental-continental tall mountains. Himalayan
    type of movement of continental-continental plates collude
    type of movement of Oceanic-continental ocean plate sinks under continent
    type of movement of Oceanic-Oceanic one will sink below other.
    Uranus tipped on side. faint ring. blue in color from methane.
    Venus 2nd planet from sun. spins backwards. hottest planet. has geological activities
    water freezing to ice molecules are further apart in the solid form than in a liquid form.
    wavelength measured from crest to crest
    what are products of photosynthesis glucose and oxygen
    what happens during nuclear fission division
    what happens when a cold front moves in temperature drops. thunderstorms
    what happens when wavelengths change higher frequency – shorter wavelengths lower frequency – longer wavelengths
    what is a star made of hydrogen and helium
    what is Linnaean classification grouped by physical characteristics. groups within groups.
    what is plate tectonics where plates touch. likely to have earthquake. explains continents fitting together.
    what is the atmosphere mostly made of nitrogen and oxygen
    what is the role of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere plant life. greenhouse effect
    what is the sun made of hydrogen helium and a little bit of oxygen
    what is the thinnest layer of earth Lithosphere
    what media do Transverse waves need to travel None is needed.
    what type of media is best to travel for Longitudinal waves can move through solids best. not through vacuums. gasses are the worst.
    where are metallic bonds located from left to middle.
    where is crust layer located outer layer
    where is mantle located below crust
    which is the hottest layer of earth outer core

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