Essay, Research Paper
A Drive for Justice
? I have a dream, that one twenty-four hours small black male childs and black misss will fall in custodies with small white male childs and white misss and walk together as sister and brother. ? ( de Kay 75 ) ? Martin Luther King Jr.
During the past century, the United States of America has wresled with the job of inequality between black and white people. Two influential people who helped to battle racism and the inequality of adult male were Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X. Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X had two differentiated attacks to carry through the same things for black. Both King and Malcolm X started their ain organisations, organized mass meetings, and both gave addresss, but, their beliefs and theories were utmost antonyms. Martin Luther King Jr. believed in the instructions of Mohandas Gandhi and peaceable ways through addresss and mass meetings. Martin Luther King Jr. was besides a adult male of peace and freedom and was the leader of the Christian Leadership Conference.
Although Malcolm X besides did mass meetings and addresss, he adopted and studied the instructions of the black Muslim leader, Elijah Muhammad, which led him to ensue in force, seeking to acquire inkinesss the same equal rights as Whites. He went from topographic point to put seeking to develop racial pride in his black hearers by acknowledging the agony Whites caused by inkinesss. Even though some people may believe in one what while others may believe in others, Martin Luther King Jr. ? s doctrine of peaceable ways and positive logical thinking so inkinesss could acquire the same rights as everyone was much more effectual compared to Malcolm X? s doctrine of aggression.
Many people thought that Malcolm X? s doctrines became more effectual than those of Martin Luther King Jr. because he tried to fall in Whites and inkinesss togther. But, because of his extremist and violent ways, King was by far a manner better leader. Malcolm X was a adult male who supported force in acquiring equal rights for black citizens. To make this, he assisted the national Muslim leader, Elijah Muhammad by sharing the Black Muslim beliefs throughout the United States. Malcolm X started many Muslim groups and worked difficult to develop racial pride in his black hearers by acknowledging the agony Whites caused by inkinesss. With the Black Muslims, Malcolm X practiced a vigorous self-defence against white force. He besides urged inkinesss to populate individually from Whites and prevented them from achieving their freedom. He affected his followings so much that when his followings would see white people they would frequently hassle or ache the white people. Through his travels in the Middle East and Africa, he began to recognize and alter his positions sing possible brotherhood between black and white Americans and rejected the position that all Whites were Satans. ( Harris 99 ) He thought that one twenty-four hours his faith could unify people of all races. To make this he formed his ain group, The Organization of Afro-American Unity. Many people, both black and Whites admired his tireless attempts to construct pride in inkinesss and whoever shared his dreams that someday everyone would be joined in brotherhood. Malcolm X was admired by many people because of his thrust to unify the inkinesss and Whites as one, but many people besides condemned his as a dissembler and treasonist because of his alteration in positions. Malcolm X was a adult male non certain in his positions, so subsequently in his life he resorted to peace and loving ways. ( de Kay 16 ) On February 21, 1965, while talking in a mass meeting in Harlem, he was shot and killed.
Coming from a different position, Martin Luther King Jr. , one of the most powerful African American leaders the universe has of all time had, dilligently worked to unify the two races as one by peaceful and nonviolent methods. Giving his life to contend for the right of every black American and besides disliked the populace, King defeated the odds and led inkinesss into mass meetings, Marches and many other nonviolent protest to acquire inkinesss on the right path for equal rights. ( Hakim 102 ) His non-violent attitude is what tood a base in history.
Martin Luther King Jr. , after analyzing under the instructions of Mohandes K. Gandhi, learned about runs of inactive, nonviolent opposition called? inactive opposition? . ( de Kay 26,27 ) An illustration of this was that Gandhi excessively was populating under the same cruel and unjust Torahs. The manner they fought these Torahs was that they broke them ; when the constabulary threw them in gaol, they didn? T fight back. Sooner or subsequently, gaol cells would make full up and when there was no room left, they would hold to alter the Torahs. Through dedication and difficult work, King forund out he could carry through the same thing as Gandhi without aching or killing anyone.
Subsequently in 1955, King udes the same methods as Gandhi. He started a boycott of the segregat
ed metropolis coachs because of a lady named Rosa Parks ; this was his first actions toward equality. Park didn? T want to go forth her place so they arrested her and threw her in gaol. Every black heard of this and was ferocious. Soon, the word boycott spread truly fast. The lone job was that it would merely work if no one rode on the coachs. The other job was how would everyone happen out about the boycott. Late that dark King stayed up to do flyers and give it off in parts of the metropolis where black people lived. Even though they couldn? t range everybody, fortunately a newspaper editor heard about the boycott and wrote an article about it on the front page of the newspaper. Subsequently, he was elected president of the Montgomery Improvement Association where he got involved in addresss and mass meetings to contend the Jim Crow Torahs. ( de Kay 12 ) The Jim Crow Torahs were particular Torahs created by Whites so inkinesss could non have the same rights. Even though King was treated violently, he responded in peace, no affair what happened to him. He said, ? if you have weapones, take them place. We must run into our white brothers? hatred with love. ? ( de Kay 48 )
After black Americans had beaten the Jim Crow Torahs, they wondered if they could contend other Torahs refering segregation. King and black curates met to organize a new group to contend segregation. The group was called southern Christian Leadership Conference, or SCLC. King was elected president and to promote inkinesss to back up passive resistance. He told them to move? composures and with self-respect? . ( de Kay 49 ) He told them non to obey the unjust Torahs ; they much have the bravery to decline and sooner or later the with leaders would acquire tired and alter the Torahs. Since this was the manner Gandhi won, he believed in it. King besides believed in sit-ins, this was when people who were non allowed to eat in a certain eating house sat down and waited to be served, even though they knew they would non be served they merely sat at that place. Those people got harassed and taunted but because of their bravery to decline, white leaders gave in and once more inkinesss had won another conflict. ( Harris 78 )
Lather after the sit-ins came the? freedom drives? . This was sit-ins on coachs going from province to province where segregation still existed. Martin Luther King Jr. did non win in Albany, but he learned something really of import. He couldn? t fight a metropolis with a twosome of people he needed an ground forces. This was when he took a immense measure toward the monolithic March in Washington D.C. on August 28, 1963. Peoples, both inkinesss and whited marched in Numberss over 250,000 people. ( de Kay 73 ) When they reached, many black leaders gave addresss, but King gave a address that America will ne’er bury. With meaningful power he said, ? I have a dream. ? Those word shook the state doing an emotional dislocation of cryings. Many people flet that there was hope for racial integrity. It was a twenty-four hours T ; hat would ne’er be forgotten by anyone who was at that place.
In October of 1964, the authorities of Norway declared that Martin Luther King Jr. was the youngest individual of all time to win the Nobel Peace Prize. He took back to America the decoration and 54,000 dollars ; he gave that money to the civil rights groups. When having the decoration, he declared that the award was non merely for him? ? it was for all work forces who loved peace and brotherhood. ? ( de Kay 83 )
On april 4, 1968, Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated by a sniper in Memphis, Tennessee, while sitting on the porch with his friends. On April 7, the president delcared a twenty-four hours of national bereavement. People all over the universe wept ; people of all races and colourss came to see the entombment of a great adult male. Now, January 15 is a national vacation.
Martin Luther King Jr. , a adult male of impressive moral presence who devoted his life to contend for the rights of the hapless, disadvantaged, and racially oppressed in the United States. ( Hakim 48 ) After analyzing the instruction of Mohandas Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr. sought a manner to obtain equal rights without aching or killing anyone. Kinowing this, he took into consideration the peaceable mass meetings and addresss which led him to believe that peace and love among our brothers would battle the racism. Martin Luther King, non merely believed in equal rights for everyone, but most significantly, he had a dream. His dream was that one twenty-four hours Whites and inkinesss could populate as one in felicity. Wining the Nobel Peace Prize was non of import to King. To him, justness was of import. ( de Kay 104 ) He called himself a? membranophone major for justness? . ( de Kay 104 )
De Kay, James. Meet Martin Luther King, Jr.. New York ; Random House, 1969.
Harris, Jacqueline L. Martin Luther King, Jr. New York ; Watts, 1983.
Hakim, Rita. And The March Toward Freedom: Martin Luther King, Jr. Connecticut: The Millbrook Press, 1991.
Cite this Martin Luther King Jr And Malcolm X
Martin Luther King Jr And Malcolm X. (2017, Jul 20). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/martin-luther-king-jr-and-malcolm-x-2/