With regards to Iran’s position on Nuclear Proliferation, it is compared to the position of Iraq, which is a country that has already signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty but wants Nuclear weapons. Iran is a greedy country waiting to get the technology to develop its Nuclear program and with recent development and help by other countries such as China, North Korea, Russia, and Kazakhstan, it leaves the west worried. CIA director, Robert Gates, testified that Iran was seeking a Nuclear bomb and could have one by the year 2000 if the West does not prevent it. (Washington Post; NOV. 17, 1992). Since 1991 Iran has sought out the buy nuclear reactors to help it learn the technology such as in 1992 when it purchased reactors from former Soviet republics and China
Only one Middle East country owns nuclear weapons and that is Israel, which helps Iran’s case because that then creates a super power in that area. As said by Iranian leaders of Iran’s right to possess nuclear weapons and have suggested that Muslim nations should acquire nuclear weapons to match Israel’s capabilities. Along with Iran, Iraq is also trying to build a nuclear program and are even closer than Iran is.
Iran has signed the NPT but does not agree with the contents. The treaty controls the export of nuclear technology to prevent the spread of atomic weapons. Iran does not follow this since they have been trying to import information on how to make these weapons.
Since Iran is trying to build a nuclear missile and is looking for information outside the country, they do not agree with Non-Proliferation. Iran for years has tried to buy information off of China on how to build a nuclear reactor and just lately Russia. Ten private Russian companies were allegedly helping Iran with nuclear technology. Since then the United States learned of Russian and Iranian cooperation and has imposed sanctions on those companies.
Nuclear information needs to fall under internal matters and the International Atomic Energy Agency and the United Nations should not try to regulate nuclear proliferation. Countries that do not have nuclear weapons feel that to protect themselves against countries that do have weapons so they need to keep on developing ways to produce the weapons.
If any country is a protocol for anti – proliferation it would have to be the United States. Many times they have stopped Iran from buying and receiving nuclear information and materials from other countries. Other anti – proliferation countries should see what the US has done with Iran and do the same.
No the IAEA should not be strengthened. Non –proliferation countries should take control of the countries that are still evolved with proliferation.. For example the United States has stopped Iran like in November of 1992 when the US discovered Iran was on the verge of getting nuclear equipment by China and Argentina and in 1994 when Iran attempted to buy 1320 pounds of enriched uranium from Kazakhstan. The United States has successfully stopped many countries and other anti – proliferation can do the same.
The committee can strengthen the UN’s efforts by providing new ways of stopping countries that are providing nuclear information and those receiving it. If there was a way to protect countries against other nuclear countries in their region then it would ease proliferation. That way countries will not feel unprotected if they do not have nuclear weapons.