The Holocaust was one of the most devastating events in history, and shaped the world as we know it today.
It is estimated that six million Jews were killed during the Holocaust, which took place between 1933 and 1945. This figure includes both those who were killed in concentration and extermination camps, and those who died in ghettos and through other forms of persecution. The vast majority of those killed were European Jews; however, Jews from other parts of the world were also targeted.
The Nazis employed a variety of methods to kill Jews during this period, including gas chambers, shooting, starvation and medical experimentation. Other groups considered inferior by the Nazis—such as Roma (Gypsies), disabled people and homosexuals—were also murdered in large numbers by Nazi officials.
The Holocaust began in 1933 with the rise of the Nazi Party in Germany; it continued until 1945 when Hitler committed suicide and Germany surrendered to Allied Forces following World War II. During this time period, Jews were systematically persecuted by Nazi authorities who considered them inferior to Aryans (a term referring to people who are ethnically Germanic).