Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India. He was the grandson of a prime minister and son of a lawyer who encouraged him to study law at London University. After his return to India, Gandhi became involved in politics and became well known for his opposition to British rule. As a result of his efforts, he was arrested many times by the British government, but he never stopped his political activities against them.
In 1915 Gandhi volunteered for service during World War I but was turned down because of his poor eyesight.
In 1930, Gandhi formed the Indian National Congress Party with Jawaharlal Nehru and others to fight for Indian independence from Great Britain. In 1942 he launched the Quit India Movement as a way to pressurize the British government into granting more rights for Indians living under colonial rule. The movement quickly spread across India as people gathered together in public places such as courthouses and government offices to protest peacefully against British rule by refusing to comply with any laws that they believed were unjust or unfair towards India’s citizen.
Gandhi led numerous campaigns against British rule, including boycotting British goods and encouraging Indians not to pay taxes.
His methods were peaceful, non-violent protests. Gandhi believed that if people would just stop fighting each other, then they could work together peacefully.
Gandhi’s peaceful protests helped free India from British control in 1947.