This study presents a reappraisal of leading theories in brief and the contrast and similarity between Bill Gates and Oprah Winfrey Leadership manner ; who are two of the well known people in the universe.
The study begins with an debut about the two good known faces, Opera Winfrey and Bill Gates who are consider as the successful leaders in the universe.
The following subdivision would be the life of Opera and Bill gates in brief.
The undermentioned subdivision gives a brief reappraisal of leading theories which have been applied in different organisations during these old ages.
Bill Gates and Oprah Winfrey Leadership Qualities which are the chief thought of this paper is discussed in the current subdivision and the purpose of this subdivision is the better apprehension of the importance of leading quality in a successful concern.
The following subdivision discuss the similarity and contrast between Bill Gates leading quality and the leading quality of Opera Winfrey in footings of leading theories in general
In the current subdivision, my ain sentiment about Bill Gates and Oprah Winfrey Leadership manner would be explained
The study decision is about he
Welcome to this study which was a glance of the Management and Leadership theories and how celebrated people such as Opera Winfrey and Bill Gates applied them to accomplish their success.
It draws together a scope of stuffs detailing attacks to leading and leading theories.
The ability to animate people to make great public presentation and success is a accomplishment that leaders need. Passion, intent, listening and intending aid do a leader inspirational. The ability to pass on that passion, purpose and intending to others helps set up the motivative civilization of your organisation. These points will state you how to enable inspiration and motive in the people you lead. In the list of the universe ‘s superior mega-leaders, there are few adult females. This is doubtless non for any deficiency of endowment or leading ability among adult females, but more likely because the measure between being a good leader and being a world-renowned mega-leader is rather big, and few adult females or work forces, for that affair have been able to draw together all of the abilities and resources necessary to do it go on. In Oprah Winfrey ‘s instance, nevertheless, mega-leadership was accomplishable, and she has non merely achieved it but keeps increasing her leading base. On the other manus Bill Gates is one of the most successful enterprisers of the universe. He is able to run a successful and a profitable entrepreneurship for many old ages and even today, we can non last in this competitory universe without it. Vision and dedication are the cardinal factors of being a successful enterpriser and these accomplishments were present in Bill Gates from the beginning.
“ Bill Gates was born on October 28, 1955 in a household holding rich concern, political and community service background. Bill strongly believes in difficult work. He believes that if you are intelligent and cognize how to use your intelligence, you can accomplish anything. From childhood Bill was ambitious, intelligent and competitory. These qualities helped him to achieve top place in the profession he chose. In school, he had an first-class record in mathematics and scientific discipline. Still he was acquiring really bored in school. Bill ‘s parents came to cognize their boy ‘s intelligence and decided to inscribe him in a private school, known for its intense academic environment. Bill Gates and his friends were really much interested in computing machine and formed “ Programmers Group ” in late 1968. In the following twelvemonth, they got their first chance in Information Sciences Inc, which they were selected as coders. ISI ( Information Sciences Inc. ) agreed to give them royalties whenever it made money from any of the group ‘s plan. As a consequence of the concern trade signed with Information Sciences Inc. , the group besides became a legal concern.
Bill Gates and his close friend Allen started new company of their ain, Traf-O-Data. They developed a little computing machine to mensurate traffic flow. From this undertaking they earned around $ 20,000. The epoch of Traf-O-Data came to an terminal when Gates left the college. In 1973, he left place for Harvard University. He took the standard fresher classs with the exclusion of subscribing up for one of Harvard ‘s toughest mathematics classs. He did good over at that place, but he could n’t happen it interesting excessively. At the terminal of Bill ‘s first twelvemonth, his best friend Allen, came near to him so that they could follow some of their thoughts. That summer they got occupation in Honeywell. Allen kept on forcing Bill for opening a new package company. Within a twelvemonth, Bill Gates dropped out from Harvard. Then he formed Microsoft. Microsoft ‘s vision is “ A computing machine on every desk and Microsoft package on every computing machine ” . Bill is a airy individual and works really difficult to accomplish his vision. “ ( Ravi Kumar Paluri )
“ Born in Kosciusko, Mississippi, Oprah Winfrey was reared by her grandma on a farm where she “ began her airing calling ” by larning to read aloud and perform recitation at the age of three. After enduring maltreatment and molestation, at the age of 13, she was sent to Nashville to populate under her male parent ‘s rigorous subject “ As strict as he was, ” says Oprah, “ he had some concerns about me doing the best of my life, and would non accept anything less than what he thought was my best. ”
Oprah Winfrey ‘s airing calling began at age 17, when she was hired by WVOL wireless in Nashville, and two old ages subsequently signed on with WTVF-TV in Nashville as a reporter/anchor. She attended Tennessee State University, where she majored in Speech Communications and Performing Arts.
In 1976, she moved to Baltimore to fall in WJZ-TV intelligence as a co-anchor, and in 1978 discovered her endowment for hosting talk shows when she became co-host of WJZ-TV ‘s “ Peoples Are Talking, ” while go oning to function as ground tackle and intelligence newsman.
In January 1984, she came to Chicago to host WLS-TV ‘s “ AM Chicago, ” a faltering local talk show. In less than a twelvemonth, she turned “ AM Chicago ” into the hottest show in town. The format was shortly expanded to one hr, and in September 1985 it was renamed “ The Oprah Winfrey Show. ”
Seen nationally since September 8, 1986, “ The Oprah Winfrey Show ” became the figure one talk show in national syndication in less than a twelvemonth. In June 1987, in its first twelvemonth of eligibility, “ The Oprah Winfrey Show ” received three Daytime Emmy Awards in the classs of Outstanding Host, Outstanding Talk/Service Program and Outstanding Direction. In June 1988, “ The Oprah Winfrey Show ” received its 2nd back-to-back Daytime Emmy Award as Outstanding Talk/Service Program, and she herself received the International Radio and Television Society ‘s “ Broadcaster of the Year ” Award. She was the youngest individual and merely the 5th adult female of all time to have the award in IRTS ‘s 25-year history. Winfrey ‘s concern and personal involvements are broad ranging and she has managed to carry through success in several countries. Apart from being a successful Talk show host she is besides a manufacturer, successful actress, Founder of the successful “ O, the Oprah Magazine ” , co laminitis of “ Oxygen Media ” , and a generous Philanthropist. Her entrepreneurial spirit and desire to alter society for the better have brought her and her legion companies many awards and accomplishments.
Oprah Winfrey was named one of the 100 Most Influential Peoples of the twentieth Century by Time magazine, and in 1998 received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. “ ( Opera Winfrey )
REVIEW OF LEADERSHIP THEORY
A reappraisal of the leading literature reveals a underdeveloped series of ‘schools of idea ‘ from “ Great Man ” and “ Trait ” theories to “ Transformational ” leading ( see tabular array ) .
Subsequently theories begin to see the function of followings and the related nature of leading, whilst early theories tend to concentrate upon the features and behaviours of successful leaders.
Based on the belief that leaders are exceeding people, born with congenital qualities, destined to take. The usage of the term ‘man ‘ was knowing since until the latter portion of the 20th century leading was thought of as a construct, which is chiefly male, military and Western. This led to the following school of Trait Theories
The lists of traits or qualities associated with leading exist in plentifulness and go on to be produced. They draw on virtually all the adjectives in the lexicon which describe some positive or worthy human property, from aspiration to spice for life
These concentrate on what leaders really do instead than on their qualities. Different forms of behaviour are observed and categorized as ‘styles of leading ‘ . This country has likely attracted most attending from practising directors
This attack sees leading as specific to the state of affairs in which it is being exercised. For illustration, whilst some state of affairss may necessitate a domineering manner, others may necessitate a more participative attack. It besides proposes that there may be differences in needed leading manners at different degrees in the same organisation
This is an betterment of the situational point of view and focal points on placing the situational variables which best predict the most appropriate or effectual leading manner to suit the peculiar fortunes
This attack emphasizes the importance of the relationship between leader and followings, concentrating on the common benefits derived from a signifier of ‘contract ‘ through which the leader delivers such things as wagess or acknowledgment in return for the committedness or trueness of the followings
The cardinal construct here is alteration and the function of leading in visualising and implementing the transmutation of organisational public presentation
Bill Gates Leadership Qualities
Bill Gates with her vision has a clear, graphic image of where to travel, every bit good as a house discovery on what success looks like and how to accomplish it. Jack Welch, former president and CEO of General Electric Co. , said, “ Good concern leaders create a vision, articulate the vision, passionately own the vision and unrelentingly drive it to completion. ”
Bill Gates communicates clearly and passionately and this is one of the most powerful points of this director.
Bill Gates has the subject to work toward his vision single-mindedly, every bit good as to direct his mode and those of the squad toward the end.
Bill Gate ‘s leading is participative manner because he involves his subsidiary in determination devising. He is a flexible individual and he recognized his function was to be airy of the company. When of all time needed he convey professional director for managing and good construction of the organisation. Gates is a strong and stimulating individual his enthusiasm, difficult working nature, judgement accomplishments reflect his personality. His actuating power and affecting his friends to working with him became the success of Microsoft.
“ Integrity is the integrating of outward actions and inner values ” ( Bergmann, 1999 ) . Bill Gates as a individual of unity is the same on the outside and on the interior. Such an person can be trusted because he ne’er veers from interior values, even when it might be expeditious to make so. Bill Gates has the trust of followings and hence must expose unity.
“ Dedication means passing whatever clip or energy is necessary to carry through the undertaking at manus ” ( Bergmann, 1999 ) . Bill Gates inspires dedication by illustration, making whatever it takes to finish the following measure toward the vision.
“ Munificence means giving recognition where it is due ” ( Bergmann, 1999 ) . Bill Gates as a leader ensures that recognition for successes is dispersed every bit widely as possible throughout the company. Conversely, Bill Gates takes personal duty for failures. This kind of contrary munificence helps other people feel good about them and pull the squad closer together.
Leaderships with humbleness recognize that they are no better or worse than other members of the squad. Bill Gates is non reticent but instead attempts to promote everyone.. Mahatma Gandhi is a function theoretical account for Indian leaders, and he pursued a “ follower-centric ” leading function.
Openness means being able to listen to new thoughts, even if they do non conform to the usual manner of thought. Bill Gates is able to suspend judgement while listening to others ‘ thoughts, every bit good as accept new ways of making things that person else thought of. Openness builds common regard and trust between leaders and followings, and it besides keeps the squad good supplied with new thoughts that can foster its vision.
Creativity is the most of import leading quality of Bill Gates. Bill gates develop computing machine linguistic communication new Altair 8080 personal computer which became the foundation of Microsoft. Bill continuously develops two other computing machine linguistic communications. When IBM develops their first personal computer and which need runing system to run the computing machine, Microsoft develops MS-DOS for IBM. Gates following the alterations really fast that are his enthusiasm vision and difficult working give him the success. Gates ever recognized him as a visionary he ever acknowledge professional direction, he decentralize authorization to do organisation construction better.
Fairness means covering with others systematically and rightly. Bill gates look into all the facts and hear everyone out before go throughing judgement. He avoids jumping to decisions based on uncomplete grounds. When people feel they that are being treated reasonably, they reward a leader with trueness and dedication.
Bill gates cognize how to utilize wit to stimulate followings. Humor is a signifier of power that provides some control over the work environment.
One of the most of import quality of Bill gates is that he is and supportive. Bill gates ever take the incrimination for a loss, turnover, girl executed drama, etc. If the job was n’t his mistake, he wo n’t fault anyone else ; he either blames himself, or do n’t state anything.
Bill gates besides cognize how to take charge. When the remainder of the squad seems confused, he will take control and steer the remainder of the members. Bill gates cognize how to remain unagitated under force per unit area. While normal people may check or experience hot and bothered, he knows how to steer his squad to triumph and remain cool.
He besides has assurance in his squad members, he has a good communicating and, to allow his squad couples improve themselves. If a error is done, he will accept the error and take that error to better the squad.
Oprah Winfrey Leadership Qualities
Oprah Winfrey has an model character. One of the of import points for leaders is trusty to take others whish she has it.
“ She is enthusiastic about her work or cause and besides about her function as leader ” ( Blackler, 2003 ) . It is a fact that people will react more openly to a individual like Oprah Winfrey that has passion and dedication. She has the ability to be able to be a beginning of inspiration, and be a incentive towards the needed action or cause. Although, if we have a comparing between the duties and places of Oprah Winfrey and Bill Gates we can happen many differences, she need to be seen to be portion of the squad working towards the end same as Bill Gates.
Consequence of researches shows that in order to take and put way a leader needs to look confident as a individual and in the leading function and she is confident.
A She has the ability to map in an orderly and purposeful mode in state of affairss of uncertainness.
“ She is tolerant of ambiguity and remains unagitated, composed and steadfast to the chief intent ” ( Blackler, 2003 ) . Oprah Winfrey every bit good as maintaining the chief end in focal point is able to believe analytically. Not merely does a good leader position a state of affairs as a whole, but is able to interrupt it down into sub parts for closer review.
She stand up for what is right, even in the face of popular dissension. She besides accepts incrimination when at mistake. The most astonishing thing is she has an inward desire that motivates her to stand out ; she besides has theA willing to move without orders and to offer well-considered recommendations for the betterment of the bid. She is accountable, and that quality forms the basis of leading. She makes determinations, good or bad, and accepts the duty and effects for those determinations.
Compare between Leadership qualities of Gates and Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey as a leader is more self-asserting and persuasive, has a stronger demand to acquire things done and is more willing to take hazards than Bill Gates. He remains stymied in the same occupational rubric and pay degree for many old ages. He go excessively valuable in his places in Microsoft.Bill Gates does non hold any more strong will to do hazard and set his ego in unsafe state of affairs. Oprah Winfrey was besides found to be more empathic and flexible, every bit good as stronger in interpersonal accomplishments that bring the particular ability for her to read state of affairss accurately and take information in from all sides same as Bill Gates.
Both of them as two of biggest leaders in the universe are able to convey others around to their point of position, so that the people they are taking feel more understood, supported and valued.
When we have a comparing between these two we can happen that both of them have the ability to pull people ‘s attending and the great ability to digest input of the full people of the universe. Beside of that, they have Keeping people involved on the undertaking at manus and apprehension when to force and when non to.
Leadership comes in many manners, forms, and signifiers. Some people are leaders because they lead by illustration to break a group of people, and others are leaders because people learn from their determinations and concern thoughts.
As a leader, Bill Gates believed that his directors should hold their ain personal authorization. Indeed, A each director was expected to move like his ain small Chief executive officer in his ain modest right. He desired his directors to be responsible for his ain influence on the watercourse of things and the tides of alteration. From here, we could state them Gates besides show some signifier of participative leading, whereby Gates demand his directors to be originative and able to work out complex jobs, and bettering their quality. I personally prefer this manner of leading that Gates uses as it seems to be in the center between non being engaged and over controlling, leting the organisation to be able to introduce and turn.
Oprah Winfrey, communicate clearly and candidly to their followings, she use a combination of their personality, beliefs and capablenesss to take.
Motivating followings to back up and implement her thoughts through alteration is an of import portion of the manner that she uses to act upon the peoples of different societies. She wishes inspire trust and assurance in her followings and with strategic thought and trust edifice, support and authorise her followings to be a accelerator for alteration.
As a decision, after a reappraisal of leading theories in brief and the contrast and similarity between Bill Gates and Oprah Winfrey Leadership manner ; who are two of the well known people in the universe we can happen that there is non one criterion, right manner for all leaders in all fortunes at all times and any group or single behaves otherwise from each other. Each leader has to happen differences and adapt harmonizing to the state of affairs but at all they use same thoughts in different ways for one mark ” SUCCESS ” .