Of Mice and Men is a short novel written by American author John Steinbeck. It is set during the Great Depression in the 1930s, which left many people without jobs and led to an increase in the number of itinerant workers. These workers, most of them men, traveled from town to town in search of short-term employment. The book is a social commentary on certain strata of society. It is particularly satirical of the lives of poor, landless agricultural workers. Steinbeck reveals the plight of these people through the characters’ individual experiences. He shows the futility of narrow conceptions of human existence, which are often responsible for the tragedies of people in our world. Of Mice and Men is a classic novel that explores the nature of human nature. The story of Lennie and George, two simple men who dream of owning a ranch, reveals how dreaming, sacrifice, and social status are intertwined. In the end, it is Lennie who makes George’s dream possible, even as he becomes the main obstacle in achieving it. The book was written in the 1930s, and some critics have said that it suffers from sentimentality. Others have faulted Steinbeck’s portrayal of poor people. The novel won Steinbeck the Pulitzer Prize in 1940, and he went on to win the Nobel Prize for Literature the following year.